• Jan 14, 2020

Group

of Psittaci, Psittaciformes = Parrots, popugayeobrazny

Family

Psittacidae = Parrots, popugayevy

Subfamily

Psittacinae = Real parrots

Sort

Ara = Ara

Look

Ara ararauna = Ara blue-yellow

Appearance

Top part of plumage of a body bright blue, neck sides, breast and stomach orange-yellow. Bright blue covering tail feathers. Black throat. Cheeks in front neoperyonny gray-white with black strips. The beak is black, very strong and it is capable to husk nuts and to gnaw through branches of trees. Brownish black legs. Straw-colored iris. Length is 80-95 cm, the weight of the 900-1300th. Voice loud and sharp.

the Area of dwelling and life in the nature

the Blue-yellow macaw is extended by
in South America — in the territory stretching from Panama to Argentina. In nature these parrots inhabit dense virgin forests. Are very tied to the habitat. Lead a pair or single life, do not form packs. Nest very highly in hollows of trees or build nests on branches. Far from гнездовья, as a rule, do not depart. Lodge also in mountainous areas to subalpine meadows where live small flocks or in couples. Keep in kroner of high trees.

Contents in house conditions

Character and temperament

Blue-yellow macaws are popular as pets because of beauty and an opportunity to imitate the human speech — they are capable to pronunciation of several tens words. However are difficult in contents and require attention to the person (not less than 1-3 hours a day). At a lack of communication the blue-yellow macaw draws attention to himself with constant shouts. And the strong loud voice of this parrot can annoy not only the owner, but also neighbors. Especially in a voice the blue-yellow macaw is in the mornings.
On character the blue-yellow macaw very intellectual, cheerful, playful, courageous, likes to dance, some individuals can be jealous therefore it is strictly forbidden to leave children and pets with the parrot who is out of a cage. At some people the allergy to blue-yellow macaws develops. Sometimes at a bird the sympathy only for the defined sex develops: to men or women.

the Blue-yellow macaw very much likes to play, constant physical and intellectual loads are required for it. Therefore it is necessary to provide the pet with a large number of various toys: manipulators, exercise machines, furazhirovka, puzzles, etc. Use the toys created only for large parrots, and for stimulation of interest of the pet change them for new at least once in a week.

Maintenance and leaving

Consider
that the macaw – quite large bird therefore for it the captive contents or the contents in the separate room is desirable. In it there should not be danger sources (lattices, sockets and other), and the parrot will be able freely to move and fly. If for contents the cage is chosen, then it has to be all-metal, welded, with thick rods. Remember that macaws constantly gnaw various objects, having a bite even a steel wire. On a door of a cage it is better to put hinged locks as these clever birds quickly adapt to open locks.

the Minimum size of a cage has to be 90х90х150 cm. It is placed at the height of 0.9-1.2 m from a floor. In a cage there has to be a nesting box from solid wood which the macaw will use all the year round. Branches of fruit trees that the parrot could gnaw and sharpen them the beak are obligatory. Also the kupalka with clear water as the blue-yellow macaw likes to bathe is required. It is possible to spray a bird from a spray. On a bottom of a cage it is necessary to put any material which is well absorbing moisture.
Leaving consists in maintenance of purity in a cage or the open-air cage. It is daily necessary to clean a flat dish for water, toy feeding troughs — in process of their pollution. It is necessary to wash and disinfect a cage once a week, and to clean a bottom — daily. The open-air cage is cleaned and disinfected once a month, and full disinfection is carried out two times a year.
the Parrots who are contained in cages, 1-2 times a day release to do some flying in the room where there are no danger sources.

Feeding

of the Adult pet of blue-yellow are should feed 2 times a day. 60-70% of all diet have to consist of grain seeds! At blue-yellow macaws, as well as at all large parrots, food conservatism is strongly developed. But, despite their preferences, it is necessary to diversify their diet as much as possible.
So, parrots well eat vegetables, fruit and berries (in limited quantity apples, pears, bananas, a mountain ash, bilberry, raspberry, persimmon, cherry, peaches). In limited quantity it is possible to give crackers and fresh Beijing cabbage of porridge, dandelion leaves, egg hard-boiled. From vegetables — carrots and cucumbers. Your macaw will like also peanut and walnuts. A citrus can be given, but only occasionally small pieces and only sweet.
As often as possible should indulge the pet fresh branches of fruit-trees which bark contains mineral substances and vitamins necessary for birds. Branches can be both small, and quite thick — for macaw it is possible to crack them. Water needs to be changed daily.

Cultivation

are necessary For cultivation of macaw certain conditions. Birds should be supported in the room open-air cage all the year round and separately from other birds. Constant air temperature about 20 °C and humidity — 80% have to be maintained.

Besides a daylight light the room with glow lamps and luminescent that the photoperiod was 15 hours lights, 9 hours darkness.

the Sizes of the open-air cage has to be 1.9kh1.6kh2.9m, with a wooden floor the filled-up sand over which it is necessary to lay out the turf.

Under a ceiling can horizontally attach a 120-liter keg with a square opening in an end face of 17х17 cm or a nested lodge sizes 70kh50kh50sm, diameter of a round letk – 15 cm, and its height from a lodge bottom – 25 cm

as a nested laying use wood shavings and sawdust.

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