• May 25, 2018

on the basis of copies of the Beijing breed at which the gene of "wild" plumage on stud farm in the Republic of Bashkortostan was unexpectedly shown. During further works on improvement of appearance of ducklings the new breed of ducks was finally created. These birds are the best representatives meat - the egg direction. They have the high level of efficiency, well adapt to the changing conditions of keeping.

Bashkir duck: the description, breed merits and demerits
the Bashkir ducks are the best representatives meat - egg направления

Внешний a look and characteristics

Ducks of the Bashkir breed exist in the following colors:

  • black belogrudy;
  • khaki.

Drakes are more similar to wild relatives and look brightly and effectively. Externally birds differ in a strong constitution. The breast acts forward, paws rather brawny a little, widely put. The head in the top part slightly the priplusnut. Neck short and wide, beak concave. Wings wide and densely adjoin to a trunk. The color of feathers uneven, brightens from a back to a stomach. Complete a multi-colored dress of an extremity and a beak of saturated orange color.

Ducks can move without effort on ice and snow as in their paws there is no blood supply and there are no nervous terminations. Feathers have water-repellent lubricant. Kryakanye of females deaf has also no echo, drakes have no ability to make sounds.

This breed gives gentle meat with the low content of fat and a big exit of muscular tissue. it has no specific smack. The Bashkir is considered early breed. The weight of an adult individual reaches 4 kg. The bird gets meat value in 1.5-2 months. After this time birds begin to fade and weight is gained more slowly. The adult duck can be supported in house conditions 3-4 months.

The breed and yaytsenoskost indicators differs. In a year the female can bring 200-230 eggs with an average weight of 90 g. Their tastes concede nothing to chicken and have the increased caloric content. The duck black belogrudy rushes slightly better khaki.

Cultivation of the Bashkir ducks (video)

Merits and demerits

The breed of the Bashkir ducks is considered ideal option as for maintenance and cultivation on homestead farms, and for large poultry farms. it it is a lot of U indisputable advantages:

  • high adaptability to conditions of keeping;
  • fast set of weight;
  • resistance to the majority of bird's diseases;
  • high efficiency;
  • unpretentiousness to leaving and food;
  • assiduity of a brood hen;
  • high deductibility from eggs (up to 80%);
  • ability to take out low temperatures.

Shortcomings of the Bashkir duck are insignificant and come down to excessive appetite, need of ensuring constant availability of clear water for large volume and regular updating of a laying.

Bashkir duck: description, breed merits and demerits

Leaving and maintenance

This breed differs in unpretentiousness, but when leaving is required to meet some conditions:

  1. Equipping the room, it is necessary to take care that it was dry and light. It is recommended to adjust ventilation. This moment is important as in the conditions of high humidity at birds the pen-type cover can deteriorate and various diseases will begin to develop. As ducks are not able to fly, do perches to them it is not necessary.
  2. Birds can be supported in cages or in the simple shelter. Dry hay or straw will be suitable for a laying. For protection against rodents and warming it is recommended to raise a floor on height of 25 cm
  3. In winter time temperature indoors has to be not below +7 °C (optimum +15 … +20 °C). It is necessary to take care that there were no drafts. For additional lighting it is possible to use usual lamps. Light day has to make not less than 14 hours.
  4. That ducks well developed and quickly gained weight, it is necessary to provide them access to a reservoir and to walk on a grass.

Bashkir duck: description, breed merits and demerits

the Bashkir has an active metabolism and the shortened intestines, therefore digestion of food and its exit happen very quickly. It is recommended to feed birds often, but gradually. Usually the frequency of delivery of food is 2-3 times a day, at the same time a part of food birds receive, getting it independently during walking. In the first half of day it is better to give to birds the bourgeois, and in the evening – compound feed or whole grain.

In winter time germinated grain will be a good forage. Ducks like also combined mixes which part are cut a grass, cabbage and carrots. Such "delicacy" promotes growth, improves a yaytsenoskost and increases immunity. Peas, corn, barley and bran suit for a forage. It is recommended to give in the spring and in the winter vitamins and mineral additives. As the last chalk and fodder yeast are used.

Bashkir duck: description, breed merits and demerits

Cultivation of ducklings

The Bashkir ducklings can be bred both by means of a brood hen, and in an incubator. Thanks to strong immunity which is formed in several days after their birth the low case among baby birds of this breed is observed. After hatching is necessary for them good lighting. the Place with ducklings should fence and make a profound laying. Temperature in the first 7-10 days has to be maintained at the level of 30 °C, and then decrease gradually to 20 °C.

When ducks (video) begin to rush

The first 10-12 days after the birth of baby birds it is necessary to feed with small cut boiled eggs mixed with greens and cottage cheese, to give to drink only boiled water. In the conditions of large poultry farms for ducklings special forages are used. On the 2nd week it is necessary to begin to lure young growth the granulated forage, gradually increasing its quantity. In 5-6 weeks of ducklings it is possible to transfer to an adult forage. It is recommended to add to kids to food small stones that will improve their digestion.

The Bashkir breed of ducks is one of the most hardy and resistant. At good leaving and healthy nutrition they always please owners with quality of meat and eggs.

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