- Jan 14, 2020
Canary house (Serinus canaria)
On a photo: canaries
A wild Canary canary load-pack of people tamed more than 500 years ago, over a look huge selection work which helped to receive great variety of versions and breeds of a domestic canary which differ in a color, appearance, features of singing was carried out. It is considered that at the moment the person removed more than 12000 kinds and breeds of a domestic canary which can be divided into 3 groups — decorative canaries, color canaries and singing canaries.
Decorative canaries have various sizes, the forms of a body or the changed plumage. The most remarkable of this group is humpbacked canaries, crested and norvichsky canaries, various curly-headed canaries. To color canaries possess various colourings (red, orange, motley, yellow, gray, green, etc.). Red canaries are the desirablest from this group of breeds to collectors and fans. Refer the breeds removed for the purpose of improvements of their singing qualities to singing canaries. Males sing at domestic canaries only, females also make a certain quantity of sounds. Refer the German, Belgian, Spanish, American, Russian singing canaries to breeds of this group. All of them possess various "song", and here external data are not so important for these birds.
Canaries – birdies, very pleasant for house contents, they are not so loud as parrots, for example, from them it is also less garbage. They are quite easily tamed and trust the person. However these birds are created in order that admired them, listened, but did not carry in hands. They are not trained to imitation of the human speech, various tricks as parrots. These birdies are quite fragile and require to themselves attention in leaving. Canaries not bad breed in the conditions of bondage.
Life expectancy of canaries at due leaving makes 7 — 12 years.
Maintenance and care of a canary
Depending on quantity of birds, the different number of living spaces can be necessary for you for birds. The cage needs to be established in the quiet quiet place, avoiding drafts and direct sunshine. It is necessary to avoid the dark angles, proximity of the TV and batteries of central heating. For one bird have to be the minimum sizes of a cage — length of 40 cm, height of 25 cm and width of 20 cm, however, the more there will be a cage, the better. The bird has to have an opportunity to flutter freely from a pole on a pole without touching them therefore length of a cage is more important, than height. If you plan to get couple of birds, and then and to have from them posterity, then several cages as for the autumn and winter period it is better to otsazhivat a male in a separate cage are required already. The cage will be also necessary for reproduction where the nest will be placed. It has to have the big sizes, than single. After baby birds leave a nest, they will be best of all to be placed in a special flying cage where they will be able to get stronger and learn to fly. The minimum size of this cage in length is about 120 cm. As canaries do not treat the gnawing birds, material of a cage can be any, even wooden. However you remember that this material should not be toxic for a bird. The tree is capable to accumulate various small parasites. The distance between rods should not allow a bird to push the head between them. As well as for other birds, the form of a cage should not be round, preference should be given to a rectangular shape. The dome-shaped top can also be the cause of concern of a bird, the roof with corners will be the best option.
In a cage poles of various suitable diameter with bark from safe breeds of trees have to be established. Poles have to be established at different height. In a cage also there have to be feeding troughs for a dry feed, for soft forages and for mineralno mix. Do not forget about a drinking bowl which has to be closed as open drinking bowls very quickly become soiled a dung and garbage.
In addition, in a cage there has to be a kupalka or it can be put periodically in a cage. It will support plumage of a bird in good standard. Depth of a kupalka should not exceed 5 cm
The winter period requires a special lamp for extension of light day as canaries are very sensitive to light. Duration of light day has to be 14 — 16 hours.
Feeding of canaries
Dry grain mix has to be a basis of a diet of a canary. Now the choice of forages which are intended for these birds is simply huge. There are even special forages intended for the fading birds, the containing fatter seeds for replenishment by the energy spent for growth of a feather. Also there are special forages for canaries with dyes in order that coloring of a feather of brighter, however it is necessary to watch that these dyes were natural and did not bring to health of a bird of harm (in particular a liver).
Canaries are inclined to the excess weight therefore overeating is harmful to them. Forages it is necessary to fill no more than 1 — 1.5 teaspoons for day on one bird.
Besides a grain forage, at a diet there have to be fruit, vegetables, green forages, germinated cereals. Fruit and vegetables usually give to birds segments or rub on a small grater. It can be carrots, beet, sweet pepper, pumpkin, vegetable marrows, apples, pears, plums, berries, etc. From greens offer canaries sheet salad, dandelions, a shepherd's bag, a wood louse, wild cereal herbs. Remember that such forages should be washed carefully before giving, they can cause changes of a dung.
Mineral fertilizing has to be in a cage always — mineral mix, sepia, chalk, clay.
It is better to give forages of animal origin infrequently as they can cause sexual behavior and give load of a liver. Use them in the period of a molt and at cultivation. Soft and juicy forages long are not stored therefore after birds ate, the remains need to be removed.
Cultivation of canaries
It is necessary to allow only healthy birds to cultivation of canaries. They have to be active and vigorous, should not be related. The minimum age for cultivation 1 years, the maximum 4 years at females. For training of birds for cultivation increase artificially light day if necessary till 13 — 14 o'clock, enrich a diet with animal sterns, germinated grain. Give to birds the chance much and often to move. Birds are placed in a big cage where it is necessary to place a basis for a nest (nests with canaries of open type) and to place nested material (dry blades, pieces of paper, small plumelets) with which the female will cover a nest. There are 2 ways of cultivation — with presence of a male the entire period of reproduction and with its presence only during pairing. The first way is closer to natural and is most preferable.
Number of eggs in a laying of canaries usually from 3 to 7 in a zavsimost from breed and a physiological condition of a bird. Hatch usually about 2 or 3 eggs. The female hatches a laying, very seldom the male can change it for some time. Baby birds are born usually for 13 — 15 day later began nasizhivaniye. For maintenance of humidity in a nest during a nasizhivaniye, the female needs to give the chance to bathe. After wrecking of the last egg protein feeds from a diet need to be removed before appearance of the first baby bird. When baby birds are about 2 weeks old, the female starts a laying again. It is necessary to offer it a new basis for a nest and material for construction. The male finishes feeding baby birds about 10 more days. If baby birds disturb a female, it is better to transplant them together with a male for a while until they learn to eat independently, and then to return a male back. In a diet of baby birds green and juicy forages have to be limited and be entered gradually as they are a purgative.