- Jan 14, 2020
- Jan 14, 2020
in the Caucasus, and today this bird is known around the world. People cultivate her, cross and receive various breeds. The second name – the Caucasian pheasant. There are different versions of emergence of the name. According to one, this bird it was for the first time found on the river bank with the ancient name Phase. According to other version – at the settlement with such name.
Some assume existence of 2 species of a pheasant: ordinary and green. But ornithologists put forward opinion that green is subspecies of an ordinary pheasant. Between them there is an essential difference in a size. So, green much less the fellow. Distinguish more than 30 subspecies of a bird. The green pheasant is widespread in Japan, in Hawaii, in North America. Ordinary prefers the territory of the North Caucasus, Transcaucasia, the Far East.
Pheasants in structure are similar to chicken. Distinctive feature is the long tail. The male has red, violet, green, yellow colors in a color. A female ordinary-looking with plumage of gray, sand, brown color. The size of a male can reach 1 meter, a female – 60 cm, a half of length – a striped tail. Weight usually averages 2 kg. Main subspecies:
Pheasants nest in thickets, near reservoirs. They do not love open places and the woods. Are at heart timid. Well run, at the same time raise a tail from the earth and extend the head forward. Do not like to fly and do it in urgent cases. during hot hours disappear in a shadow. come To livelihood in morning and evening hours. Wild pheasants eat berries, seeds, escapes and small insects.
People mastered cultivation of pheasants in bondage. Before deciding how to breed these birds, it is necessary to decide on the purpose. If it is hunting, then the choice falls on a hunting pheasant. Decorative subspecies: gold and diamond. They do not differ in the large sizes, but have plumage of surprising beauty. Cultivation of silver breed is expedient in that case when meat is required. If to consider cultivation and keeping of pheasants as business, then before it is necessary to analyse supply and demand on sales markets, to conduct market researches. The most widespread look – hunting pheasants.
What it is necessary to know:
You should not panic, "table" of pheasants not strongly differs from a diet of domestic hens. Changes will happen depending on age of a bird and season.
To breed pheasants, first of all it is worth taking care of their food. In the summer per day one individual has to receive up to 80 g of a forage. The green forage makes a half of a diet. Due to the lack of green forages birds need to enter vitamin complexes into winter time. During the summer period a diet is formed as follows:
Keeping of pheasants assumes the following diet in the winter:
In the nature a bird the pheasant during the whole year receives necessary vitamins and minerals. From under snow gets the remains of plants and the frozen berries. Cultivation of pheasants in house conditions demands to enter cod-liver oil into a diet. It contains vitamins of the B, A, E, D group. Without them the immunity of birds decreases, they become susceptible to viral infections, plumage loses habitual coloring and structure. Daily each individual is required to 2 g of cod-liver oil . Besides, 1 g of ascorbic acid and also the enzymes improving digestion.
it is necessary to Feed pheasants 2 times a day. Evening feeding is carried out in such volume that birds were full till the morning. In the first half of day give soft green mixes, in the second – grain. Food is carried out in at one time, sharp changes of forages can cause disorder of digestion, a stomach disease.
Form heterosexual packs. In the spring the male the shout calls a female. Its shout is in reply heard, and couple is formed. After pairing the female suits a nest, for this purpose she digs a pole in the earth and covers a bottom branches, leaves, feathers. About a month is required to hatch out eggs. For once of a bird postpone until 15 eggs. The female can leave a nest only to be supported. The male acts as the security guard of the territory. Newborns of the fazanyat have plumage, at once begin to eat independently. In 6 months they abandon parents.
The main question which should be solved is a formation of couples. In the nature pheasants monogamous. Throughout all life are betrayed to the partner. In bondage become polygamous. It is required to be considered. Settle birds in couples or at the rate of 1 male on 4 females. If males meet on the open field, then fights are inevitable. As a result it is possible to lose a bird. It should be avoided. Males have difficult character and often break rage on females. Building the open-air cage, it is better to create secluded places for a laying of eggs where future mother will feel safe.
Cultivation as business assumes numerous family of birds. That they did not do harm each other, being in one territory, manufacturers use special glasses. They are two types:
Thus the bird does not see what occurs ahead, can use only side sight. You should not be afraid that the pheasant will remain hungry, the possibility of a fight, and for females – расклев eggs is just excluded.
Creating the open-air cage, it is required to consider physiological needs of a bird. Pheasants love low bushes, for this purpose in the territory such places artificially are created. Some breeds nest on trees, then the owner has to adapt wicker baskets at sufficient height from the earth. Straw, leaves, branches – what females spread nests is surely necessary.
Cultivation and keeping of pheasants in house conditions is complicated by the fact that these birds are very timid. They are afraid of loud noise, sharp movements, smells, bright colors. Any nervous tension will affect health, they will worse gain weight and to rush less. An optimal variant – creation of the certain covered open-air cages for each family. The manufacturer has to have a working suit, it is desirable neutral color, to speak quietly, to move slowly.
Main requirements to the open-air cage:
For the winter period of pheasants transfer to the heated rooms. Walls it is required to warm, exclude drafts and dampness. Lighting, certain open-air cages for couples is required. Everyone who will decide to breed pheasants has to remember that any sharp changes can injure a bird and cause damage to the manufacturer.
To prepare a bird for reproduction for a start prepare the open-air cage: it needs to be cleaned and disinfected. Then to add green plantings, canes, to seed a grass, it is possible to put sheaves of cereals, reed. You should not overload the area – everything well moderately. For some females it is better to make nests: the pole is for this purpose dug out in the earth and covered with soft natural materials. It is better to do open-air cages covered that the rain did not disturb birds. As pheasants very timid, during pairing it is required to exclude presence of dogs and cats who like to run around houses.
When forming couples the following indicators are considered:
In all other cases rejection is carried out. If the pheasant of rare breed, then is allowed to leave a male and after 3 years, in that case when difficult to pick up couple it is possible to use relatives. After receiving posterity leave the most hardy and meeting the pedigree requirements.
As couple in the nature is formed once and for the rest of life, pheasants in this question are very selective. Not always they with ease start a family. In that case manufacturers regularly change individuals, the positive result will not appear yet. Sometimes manufacturers put couple in one metal gauze with a partition. When there passes the accustoming period, the partition can be removed. This way is effective if individuals show aggression.
One more problem – lack of eggs. The female can or not rush at all, or give not oosperms. The reason is in a male. It is better to replace him with more active then.Fazanyat's
Cultivation of pheasants in house conditions demands careful attitude to posterity. Kids seldom are born near mother. of the Female are extremely forgetful, sometimes can leave the nest . It is necessary to watch it. In 3 weeks of egg it is required to transfer to an incubator. After baby birds hatch, place them in separate cages. It is extremely important to provide heating of the new dwelling. Temperature has to be not below 27 °C. For the fourth day temperature begins to be lowered, daily by 1 degree. In 20 days of the fazanyat can come for walk. The main condition is warm weather (t not below 20 °C).
It is necessary to care for feeding of baby birds from the moment of their emergence. The quantity of a forage has to be in prosperity, restrictions are inadmissible as in the first days of life of the fazanyat they actively grow. Before the first feeding, in 8 hours from the moment of hatching, it is necessary to give to drink baby birds boiled water. of Little baby birds is required to teach to eat. for this purpose the forage is filled on a plate and draw with easy percussions attention of the kid. To teach to drink, it is enough to lower клювик in a drinking bowl. Some manufacturers add antibiotics to a diet that increases survival by 24%.
In the first two weeks feeding carry out every 2 hour, at night 2 times. Then up to 2 months – 7 times a day. The next month – on 5 times, and further – 3 times. The boiled egg ground with greens and the softened crackers becomes the first forage for them. Gradually enter larvae of worms and ants, then green onions and a nettle. When fazanyat reach age of 7 days, add chalk, salt and oatmeal. From 2 weeks age give ground grain, and monthly birds receive integral. Consumption of corn, barley, greens, vegetables is obligatory.
As business the fazanovodstvo is profitable business. Meat of this bird very gentle also is in demand. Gets on the shelves in the frozen look from abroad. At restaurants on pheasant dishes great demand. There are also those who wish to support this bird in the grounds as exotic. Some decorative breeds differ in improbable beauty. Grow up them and for hunting.
Today it is much more favorable to sell a pheasant to hunting farms. Hunters with great pleasure buy these birds. At farms it is possible to open hunting clubs. Hunting for a pheasant happens:
At hunters the first look enjoys the greatest popularity. To hunt poultry not really interestingly. Occupation – for experts and wealthy people. From a law point, the bird who is grown up in house conditions but set free belongs to the state therefore owners band pheasants that the birds who survived after hunting came back home.
Business will make profit, the main thing – to agree with restaurants and hunting farms. If to the manufacturer carries, and he will be able to find reliable sales markets, expenses with interest will pay off. Such farms, as a rule, in areas of sale (hunting farms, megalopolises) are located.
Cultivation will require significant areas of the earth. The greatest expenses fall on construction of open-air cages. Further they should be equipped with feeding troughs and drinking bowls. You should not forget about natural losses of a bird, about necessary treatment in case of epidemic. For work on a farm additional working hands will be necessary, it is necessary to employ people. It is better to consider all these nuances in advance.
Keeping of pheasants is a perspective occupation. There is still free niche in the market of production and sale that an opportunity for economic maneuver leaves.