- Apr 29, 2018
Many beginning farmers think of with what breed of birds to begin the activity, and consider that Indo-ducks are the most favorable option. In many respects it is true as birds represent quite large breed which is grown up for the sake of juicy and gentle dietary meat and also eggs. And eggs at them are larger and, what is more important, – is more tasty, than at other ducks: protein differs in high density, and the yolk – is more by the sizes. And keeping of Indo-ducks in house conditions does not represent special difficulties.
Правда and myths about Indo-ducks
Many think that it is a hybrid of ducks and turkey-cocks as these birds have fleshy outgrowths on the head reminding indyushiny. Actually it is a separate species of ducks which was known to mankind since the most ancient times. It is considered that they were cultivated by Aztecs at a dawn of development of a civilization. In the 16th century they were described in the chronicle by the Spanish priest of Pedro Syes de León. Some modern to him authors considered that the outgrowth on the head of birds exhales the smell reminding musky. Modern breeds of Indo-ducks have no such smell. But the name "musky duck" was already fixed in biology behind them.
From Latin America birds were delivered in the African colonies, to Europe and Asia, and then already and to Australia. There are data that Indo-ducks were grown up also in Russia. Nevertheless they did not gain mass distribution. In the Soviet Union musky ducks appeared in the early eighties when they were delivered from the GDR, and still a bit later – from France.
Then there was a name "Indo-duck" which is still misleading many farmers and consumers. It is curious that in English of these birds "Muscovy Duck", that is "The Moscow duck" because to Britain these birds were brought from Asia by "The Moscow trading company" call. So sometimes with this breed there is a confusion, but the same look cultivated in Latin America always means.
Keeping of Indo-ducks (video)
The table of contents of any book on poultry farming begins with the description of this or that breed therefore before deciding whether it is worth growing up these birds, it is necessary to learn how they look what sizes can be reached, what their habits.
The characteristic of these birds – the fleshy outgrowths of red color which are associated with corals or warts. Such "ornament" is present at the heads and males, and females.
Indoutki – large birds . In the wild nature males weigh up to 3 kg, and females – it is twice less. If in house conditions it is good to look after birds, then males can reach weight in 6 kg, and females – in 3 kg. At the same time researches show that at these birds the percent of muscle bulk, even is high at contents in bondage.
In the wild nature the musky duck eats mainly vegetable food – a grass. Occasionally it can be also food of animal origin – insects and their larvae.
Cultivation of Indo-ducks in house conditions means more careful approach to selection of forages that they were balanced by amount of vitamins. But problems in general should not be, it is only necessary to remember that to food it is necessary to mix salt periodically.
Aspects of cultivation in house conditions
It is favorable to support Indo-ducks for several reasons. First, this their delicious meat. Secondly, of heart and a liver of birds do Otsillokoktsinum homeopathic medicine (in France this means is considered the most popular flu medicine). Thirdly, these ducks are forcibly fattened on foie gras.
It is possible to breed Indo-ducks and for the sake of crossing with females of the Beijing breed. It allows to receive mulard – so call them early hybrids (the average weight of an adult individual is 4 kg).
It is considered that cultivation of these birds in house conditions for beginners does not represent difficulties. The matter is that these birds do not need special conditions for accommodation. They are steady against diseases and do not cause problems, besides, they do not rustle, unlike many other pets. Sometimes they are even called "a mute duck". They are omnivorous, and in summertime for them it is not necessary to buy expensive forages. And musky ducks do not need a reservoir. Rather just big trough from which birds will drink. In the same place they can learn posterity to swim.
the Musky ducks who grew on farms are thermophilic not less, than their wild ancestors. They avoid cold reservoirs and hide from bad weather. They grow rather slowly, especially in comparison with the Beijing ducks, but on average in 2 months the young growth can reach the required weight. If wild Indo-ducks hatch out till 8-10 eggs, then in house conditions in a laying can be up to 14 eggs. The average yaytsenoskost makes 70-120 eggs. Time of a nasizhivaniye is up to 35 days, it is one week more, than at other ducks and geese. At the same time birds are considered as very good brood hens, if necessary they will hatch out not only the, but also chicken, indyushach or goose eggs.
Production of a lodge for birds
Though these birds are unpretentious, they have one feature. They do not get on with other inhabitants of the hen house so it is necessary to prepare for them the certain room. Cultivation of Indo-ducks demands rather simple lodge in which it will be not hot in the summer and warmly in the winter. In this room it has to be dry. Besides, it is necessary to provide normal airing. Experts advise to make lighting indoors soft, otherwise it is necessary to watch that birds did not peck each other. It is simple to achieve it – the usual bulb is painted orange paint.
Arrangement of the room in many respects depends on that how many there will be birds and what area of the free site. Calculations are made so – not less than 1.5 m ² spaces have to is the share of one bird.
They love heat therefore on a floor indoors there has to be a laying. It is done of straw or sawdust. Warming of a floor has basic value. Ideally on such room of a bird have to walk freely. But if there is a lot of ducks, and the space is small, then it is possible to lodge them in cages which place one above another. Such devices can be made and independently. Only wooden bars will be necessary for a framework and metal gauzes, but it is simpler to buy ready designs. At independent production of cages it is necessary to remember that the back wall needs to be done a little lower, than a lobby, then excrement will begin to move to one party and will observe purity simpler.
Besides a lodge, Indo-ducks need the place for walks, as these birds love the sun and need fresh air.
As for the room, for it it is necessary to buy the corresponding equipment. For example, it is drinking bowls – long, but rather narrow that birds could not bathe in them. Feeding troughs – on one on each 5 heads are separately put. Optimum length of such design – 1 m
If there is an opportunity, equip a perch. It is for this purpose rather simple to put several logs together. Height of a perch should not exceed 40 cm. It needs to be put at some distance from a wall. And here in order that the duck laid eggs, she needs to make a cozy nest.
Thermophilic birds need installation of heating devices. It is necessary for severe winter, but include radiators, without waiting for hard frosts, – there is enough decrease in temperature to 5 °C. Devices connect taking into account fire safety requirements. It can be heaters, other kinds of similar devices.
Diet of Indo-ducks
Each owner himself solves, than to feed Indo-ducks in house conditions. At all unpretentiousness of this bird for it it is all the same necessary to think over the whole food strategy. So, feeding by hot or even warm food is not allowed.
On a forage to musky ducks there are grain crops:
- and here barley needs previously to be wetted.
From vegetable food it is recommended to give also cut fresh herbs, a beet tops of vegetable. And that the shell of eggs was strong, to a forage add pounded chalk, the crushed shells or an egg shell. Usual table salt is dissolved in water and added to damp bourgeoises.
Periodically birds are given both bran, and cake, and yeast, sometimes cook porridges with fresh greens, indulge the crushed vegetables. For ensuring digestive processes in stomachs of pets indoors where hold musky ducks, put the container with small gravel that birds could peck it quietly.
It is very important to provide also the drinking mode. While the adult bird eats 400 g of a forage a day, she has to drink 1 l of water.
Care of musky ducks
Care of Indo-ducks – business simple. But after all works it is necessary very much. First, is clean birds, they love fresh air. Therefore a laying needs to be changed regularly, to air the place where there live birds, – it is almost constant. As for the organization of walking, in the territory allocated for this purpose purity, and has to reign in the winter that paws of birds did not freeze (and this weakest point of these birds), on the platform also arrange a laying, usually it is done of straw, scattering it a thick layer.
Under such laying there should be no small metal objects as the bird can easily swallow them that will lead to her death.
It is necessary to watch behavior of birds. If they pluck each other feathers, then it serves as a signal that they lack vitamins. In that case it is necessary to buy special additives and to give them together with a forage and fresh greens.
of Feature of reproduction
For successful chicken farming it is desirable to buy 1 drake on 3-4 females. These birds are ready to reproduction already approximately for the 200th day of life though drakes can ripen a bit later therefore it is initially necessary to choose a drake who would be 1.5 months more senior than "girlfriends". In general, too it is not necessary to hurry as the early yaytsekladka negatively affects health of birds.
in the Winter at birds rest time. So usually females lay eggs in the spring, towards the end of March. It is interesting that musky ducks carry out a laying early in the morning. Usually this process continues up to 3 o'clock in the afternoon, but the peak falls approximately on 10 o'clock in the morning.
During the season healthy Indo-ducks can give 2-3 broods. For incubation of eggs of females separate from other herd to provide the most comfortable conditions.
After the young growth will hatch, it can be left with mother, but only in case at a bird it is not the first brood, that is she already knows what with it to do. Then the survival of posterity will be high. If is doubt or baby birds are prepared on sagination, then ducklings are taken away from mother.
The young growth does not demand any special conditions of keeping. But care of it has to be rather careful. Approximately at daily age to baby birds cut off tips of wings that they did not depart. Places of cuts process solution of potassium permanganate or peroxide of hydrogen. Adult individuals of it cannot do, otherwise they will lose ability to reproduction.
At daily age of baby birds feed with the eggs hard-boiled. It is interesting that ducklings can eat only mobile food therefore forage crumbs to them fill on backs. Further they are already given mix of bran, eggs and milk, then add cottage cheese and the crushed greens. Grain can be given for the fourth day. And at the age of two weeks baby birds will eat boiled potatoes with pleasure.
The room needs constantly to be aired, sharp fluctuations of temperature should not be. If ducklings were taken away from mother at once, then on a reservoir they are not let out as they did not undergo characteristic "processing" by secretion of fatty glands. At hit in water they can just drown.
In hot season of ducklings do not let to float in that case when there are doubts in purity of water because during a heat there are ideal conditions for spread of infections and parasites. At observance of these simple rules it is possible to achieve safety of young growth and fast gain of its weight.What to feed with