• Jan 14, 2020
On a photo: Colitis, or a parrot — the monk (Myiopsitta monachus)

Group

Popugayeobraznye's

Family

Popugayevye's

Sort

Kalit's

Appearance

Kalit's
, or parrot monk is an average parrot with a length of body about 29 cm and up to 140 гр. The tail is long, a beak and paws powerful. Coloring of plumage at of both sexes is identical — the main coloring green. Forehead, neck, breast and belly gray. On a breast there are hardly noticeable cross strips. Wings have an olive shade, swing feathers blue. Podkhvostye olive-yellow. Feathers in the tail green. Beak of corporal color. Gray paws. Brown eyes.
the Look includes 3 subspecies differing from each other in elements of coloring and an area of dwelling.
Life expectancy at the correct leaving about 25 years.

the Area of dwelling and life in the nature

the Type of colitis, or a parrot monk lives in the north of Argentina, in Paraguay, Uruguay, in the south of Brazil. Besides, monks created the introduced populations in the USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaver, Florida, Illinois, Louisiana, New York, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas and Puerto Rico), Bedfordshire and Alfretona, Great Britain, the Netherlands, France, Italy, Belgium, Spain and the Canary Islands. They very well adapt not only to the cities, but even by a frigid climate and are capable to perezimovyvat in Europe.
In the natural area meets in the dry woody area, in savannas, visits agricultural grounds and the cities. Lives at the height up to 1000 m above sea level.
Eat various seeds, both wild, and agricultural. At a diet there are also fruit, vegetables, berries, escapes of cactuses, various other fruits. Besides, eat larvae of some insects. Eat on the earth and on trees.
Usually live in packs on 30 — 50 birds. Out of a season of reproduction can get off in huge packs up to 200 — 500 individuals. Often unite in packs with other bird species (pigeons).

Reproduction

the Nested season falls on October-December. This look is unique the fact that it only of all group builds the real nests. Monks kolonialno nest usually. Usually several couples build one big nest with a set of entrances. Such nests can sometimes reach the size of the small car. For construction of nests of a bird use wood branches. The nest resembles that magpie superficially, but many times it is more. Often other bird species and also some mammals also lodge in these nests. Construction of a nest takes quite long time, sometimes to several months. Often nests use for a dream in cold season. Usually nests use several years in succession. The male and a female after construction actively copulate, then the female lays 5 — 7 eggs and hatches them 23 — 24 days. Baby birds leave a nest at the age of 6 — 7 weeks. Usually some time young fowls are kept near parents, and those finish feeding them several weeks.

Maintenance and leaving for kality, or a parrot monk

These parrots are quite unpretentious for contents in house conditions. However, it is necessary to consider that their voice can it will be pleasant to each fan of birds not. They shout quite loudly, often and stridently. They have quite powerful beak therefore the cage or the open-air cage should be locked well. These birds with ease gnaw through a thin grid, as well as the wooden basis of a cage. Their beak is also capable to reach and other wooden objects out of a cage. Abilities to imitation of the speech at monks are quite impressive. They are very bright, capable to training and are quite easily tamed and long live. Several color mutations — blue, gray are removed, are white, yellow. Monks during creation of conditions well breed in bondage. By the nature these birds of a kolonialna therefore quickly enough find a common language with other parrots, however can be sometimes aggressive to smaller representatives, especially if those encroach on their dwelling.
will be suitable For keeping of monks strong spacious cages. The open-air cage will be the best choice. In a cage there have to be strong poles with bark of the correct diameter, a kupalka, toys. These birds like to climb, play therefore the stand will be in the great way to entertain these parrots. Birds love and demand long walks, at an inactive way of life, they tend to a set of excess weight.

Feeding colitis, or parrot monk

For creation of a diet needs to use grain mix for average parrots as a part of which there will be different types of a millet, a canary seed, limited quantity of seeds of sunflower, oats, a buckwheat and a carthamus. Grain mix can be replaced with the special granulated forage to which the bird should be accustomed gradually. At a diet there have to be daily green forages — different types of salad, a mangold, dandelions, a wood louse and other herbs. From fruit offer apple, pear, citruses, fruits of cactuses, grapes, bananas. From vegetables — carrots, corn, beans and green peas. Germinated seeds, berries are perfectly eaten. Nutlets can be offered monks only as delicacy. The branch forage has to be in a cage constantly.
have to be present At a cage sources of calcium and mineral substances — sepia, mineral mix, chalk, clay.
Two Parrots of the Monk on a Pole

Cultivation

In spite of the fact that monks in the nature build nests, in house conditions they not bad breed in special nested lodges. The size has to be 60х60х120 cm. It should be established after the correct training of birds. For selection of couple it is possible to use the DNA test for sex determination or to observe behavior of birds. Usually females more small than males. Birds should not be relatives, have to be active and healthy. Tame birds badly breed as they the partner perceive the person. It is necessary to increase light day till 14 o'clock, the diet has to be very different, it is also necessary to include in it forages of animal origin more germinated seeds. In bondage males can take part in a laying nasizhivaniye on an equal basis with a female. After baby birds colitis, or a parrot monk leave a nest, parents still some time will look after and feed up the posterity to their full independence.

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