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|Red-breasted parakeet of Kramer or Indian annulate parrot||of Psittacula krameri|
The bird treats average parrots, a tail long, up to 20 cm. The size of a red-breasted parakeet is about 40 cm, body weight is up to 140 гр. The body color mainly grassy-green, from an eye reaches for a beak black hardly noticeable strip, under a beak around a throat plumage also black. The sexual dimorphism is peculiar to this look males and females differ from each other on a color. The beak is powerful, red color, a paw gray-pink. Selectors removed a set of colors — blue, yellow, white, gray, various options green, motley colors.
How to define a sex at a red-breasted parakeet?
Usually males by the time of puberty "get" a new element in coloring — black, bordered pink, a necklace. Completely it is formed by 3 years. At females plumage of usually more dim color, a tail is shorter, also a shape of the head not such square.
Unfortunately, before this puberty to define a sex at these parrots it is very problematic, the DNA test which will give to nearly 100% a guarantee can help. If there is no such opportunity, then to try to define a sex it is possible relying on behavior of a bird — males at the sight of the reflection in a mirror, can put wings "heart" and narrow pupils at the same time. Usually paws at males not such powerful, as at females. Head of males more square. Color in the area more saturated. However for sex determination on external signs for Albino's mutations and yellow, this way will not approach.
of the Female usually have brought more down body form, thick paws, at a view of the reflection, can shower the head back and narrow pupils.
The area of dwelling is very wide, the Indian annulate parrots live in Africa and Asia. Prefers lodges in forests, the dug-out landscapes and savannas. Well I feel near the person, in agrolandscapes and the cities. Also several colonies were created from the departed pets in the USA, England, Belgium, Spain and Italy. The look very well adapts to any conditions where there is a food supply.
of the Bird live in flocks, one by one do not meet. Can get off in packs with other bird species. These are quite noisy parrots. Eat, generally on the earth and trees. Seeds of wild cereals, weeds, seeds of trees, fruit, nuts, flowers and nectar enter a diet. Attack crops of sunflower, corn, visit orchards. The diet can change depending on a season and also existence of these or those forages.
Puberty in the nature of a bird is reached by two years, however start reproduction by 3 — 4 years. The nested period falls on January — April, sometimes July, depending on a dwelling area. Marriage dance is inherent in red-breasted parakeets. Nest at height, usually in hollows of trees, in crevices of rocks, can use for a nest various openings within the walls of constructions of the person. In a laying usually from 4 to 6 eggs, the female up to 34 days hatches only them. The male feeds and protects it. At the age of 7 weeks baby birds leave a nest. Still some time stick to parents who feed up them.
Why the red-breasted parakeet is the good choice? Birds are unpretentious, quickly enough make contact with the person, are clever and bright. The red-breasted parakeet "speaks", their ability to imitation of the speech quite impressive — 50 — 60 words. Besides, they can learn various sounds, plain tricks.
Live red-breasted parakeets at due leaving up to 30 years. However, among minuses their quite loud and shrill shouts, their destructive beak which can spoil your property. They cannot be supported with other species of parrots, especially smaller types as red-breasted parakeets quite aggressively to them are ready also otkusanny fingers only a small part of what they can make.
At contents them separately from other types about any joint walks of the speech cannot be, only separately, under your supervision. It is better to remove cages with other birds for this time or to cover.
Before acquisition of a parrot, in advance think of a suitable cage or the open-air cage. If further you plan to be engaged in cultivation of red-breasted parakeets, then the spacious open-air cage with a length not less than 2 m will be the best decision. The grid or rods in a cage have to be strong as these parrots well use the beak and are quite capable to destroy short-lived designs.
the Cage has to be in well lit room, without drafts, not under direct sunshine, not near heating devices.
In a cage poles of the corresponding diameter that the bird completely clasped them with a paw have to be established. Do not forget about toys, koposhilka — at this look quite high I.Q., they need to be entertained, otherwise it is fraught that the bird will begin to entertain herself, destroying your house. Or and that it is worse, with boredom will begin to stressovat and pull out to himself feathers. Besides, in a cage there have to be feeding troughs, a drinking bowl, whenever possible, a kupalka.
Care of a red-breasted parakeet of Kramer is simple. It is necessary to observe hygiene in a cage, it is correct to feed a bird, to provide access to clear drinking water, to find enough time for training of a bird, to watch the state of health.
A basis of a diet of red-breasted parakeets is grain mix. Quite will be suitable industrial production for average parrots. The forage has to be packed into tight packing, without foreign impurity and smells, not to contain dyes and artificial additives. At the heart of a forage there have to be a canary seed, a millet, a small amount of oats, a buckwheat, a carthamus and sunflower. Offer birds a Senegalese millet, juicy forages (greens, a branch forage), germinated cereals allowed birds fruit and vegetables. At a cage there have to be sources of calcium and minerals — sepia, chalk, mineral mix.
Cultivation of red-breasted parakeets business quite responsible. Unfortunately, cultivation of these birds in a cage is better not to be engaged as the percent of probability of removal of posterity in such conditions is quite low, besides, because of small space in a cage, the female can show aggression not only to baby birds, but also to a male that can will end with lethal outcomes.
will be suitable For cultivation the spacious open-air cage. Birds have to represent the created heterosexual couple.
Before suspension of a nested lodge, energy-intensive process needs to prepare organisms of birds to it. For this purpose gradually in a month light day is increased not less than till 15 o'clock, enter protein feeds of animal origin into a diet, it is more than germinated grain, fruit and vegetables.
the Nested lodge has to be with the minimum size of 25х25х50 cm. It has to be made of strong materials, otherwise, birds just sgrynut it the powerful beaks. In a lodge it is necessary to fill wood shaving or sawdust, it is desirable deciduous breeds of trees. Usually already through short time of a bird are interested of
you Watch that the female did not behave aggressively in relation to a male. After wrecking of the first egg, animal protein from a diet is removed and entered again at birth of baby birds.
Sometimes the female throws a laying, but you should not despair, it is possible to try another time. Baby birds are born blind and covered only with down. By 2 months they feather and leave a nested lodge. Their plumage faded, beak pale. By 2.5 months they begin to eat independently. to take away
dokarmlivaniye baby birds better aged not earlier than 3 weeks. So they quickly get used to the person and become absolutely manual.