• Jun 18, 2018

of Breed of turkey-cocks. For the first time these birds were delivered to Europe by merchants from Spain where they got from America. They became very popular. Turkey-cocks suit a temperate climate, but temperature should not be too low or high. The dampness will not suit them too.

The Main Meat and Egg Breeds of Turkey-cocks and as to Grow Up Them
to Turkey-cocks suit a temperate climate, but temperature should not be too low or высокой

Популярные meat breeds

Meat breeds of turkey-cocks very numerous. One of the most popular is the white shirokogrudy breed. It is conditionally subdivided into an easy, average and heavy cross-country. The last group is individuals of the bigger size. In 4 months their weight reaches 7-7.5 kg. Adult birds can reach on average 25 kg. It is the biggest turkey-cock. As for average category, in 3 months their weight is 5 kg, and at representatives of an easy cross-country weight reaches 4 kg.

The hybrid shirokogrudy white breed was created for obtaining the maximum quantity of meat which contains less fat more protein. Males of a large cross-country of shirokogrudy breed from heavy category can gain 23 kg of weight, and females – 11 kg. As for an average cross-country of hybrids, males weight have 14 kg, and at females – only 8 kg. Hybrid males from an easy cross-country gain on 10 kg, and females – only 6 kg . The hybrid differs in precocity and excellent quality of meat so this breed well is suitable for cultivation in house conditions.

The Main Meat and Egg Breeds of Turkey-cocks and as to Grow Up Them
Meat breeds of turkey-cocks very much многочисленные

БЮТ-8 and BYuT-9 is one more meat breed which belongs to a heavy cross-country. The biggest males reach weight to 26 kg, and a female – 11 kg. Their feature is existence of strong paws and plumage of a light shade.

Turkey-cocks of breed of Big-6 treat meat too. They are a heavy cross look. The breed was created in England in 2008. This hybrid is very popular thanks to rapid growth and development. Feathers at BIC completely white, but can appear bunches of dark shades. Legs very strong and sinewy. Wings are large, a thorax volume and big, and the head, on the contrary very small. At males plumage more magnificent.

If on the head and a neck of a bird decoration of a bright red shade, then it demonstrates that a bird healthy. Turkey-cocks of Big-6 in 3 months weigh already on 5 kg. They stop gaining weight approximately by 100th day so at this time usually and carry out a face. These broilers weigh on 25 kg, and an exit of meat makes about 80% among which 30% are taken away on area of a breast. Females weigh on 12 kg.

The Main Meat and Egg Breeds of Turkey-cocks and as to Grow Up Them

The cross-country of Big differs in very tasty meat, but it is possible to reach good indicators of an exit of this product if it is only correct to meet all conditions of feeding and maintenance. Birds give also eggs, feathers and down.

of the Rule of cultivation of Big

Cultivation of turkey-cocks of Big is carried out strictly by rules. In the hen house there has to be rather deep laying. It is necessary to equip the room as well as for hens. In cold days it is necessary to include additional heating. Optimum temperature for normal activity of birds of +14-+15 °C.

Cultivation assumes additional lighting: follows in the artificial way to prolong light day. It well influences a yaytsenoskost. of the Drinking bowl and a feeding trough need to be cleaned daily. Should watch that water always freshened. Bowls with fertilizing of mineral type are in addition put. As for food, the content of proteins in starting compound feed has to be not less than 23%.

In 5 days after the birth it is allowed to give a usual forage, greens, cottage cheese. It is necessary to give fish meal – about 1 kg of a product on 10 kg of usual food. It is possible to add beet and potatoes. Indoors still to install small trays separately with water, sand and ashes where birds will clean feathers and to bathe.

Egg types

One of the most popular egg breeds is Virginia. These hybrids differ in a snow-white color. Quite often these birds are called Dutch or simple white. Birds of this look do not grow big, but in a form are similar to representatives of bronze breed. Cultivation is carried out only in a semi-environment. Perfectly will be suitable for cultivation in homestead economy. Males grow only to 9 kg, and a female – to 4 kg. But these individuals differ in a good yaytsenoskost. Only for 1 season it is possible to receive from 1 individual of 60 indyushachy eggs.

the Cross breed of Big-9 belongs to egg types too. These birds absolutely unpretentious so they perfectly will be suitable for cultivation in house conditions. The indicator of a yaytsenoskost is about 118 eggs in a year of which the deductibility will be about 83%. Big-9 treats at the same time and meat breeds. In 4 months after the birth of a female about 17 kg, and a female – up to 10 kg weigh.

The cross-station wagon is one more popular breed. Turkeys weigh on 10 kg, and turkey-cocks – on 18 kg. This breed differs in good adaptability. As for a constitution, they have a wide body, long paws and well developed wings.

The Main Meat and Egg Breeds of Turkey-cocks and as to Grow Up Them

Breed Heaton treats heavy cross types. The adult male weighs up to 20 kg, and a turkey – up to 15 kg. The indicator of a yaytsenoskost is about 10 eggs in 24 weeks. For cultivation of these birds of additional conditions is not required.

One more breed – bronze shirokogrudy. In a year on average it is possible to receive up to 70 eggs. Contents is the simplest, no additional conditions are required. Males gain the largest weight up to 16 kg, and females – up to 10 kg. Turkey-cocks have a bronzovato-green color, and turkeys white.

White Moscow turkeys differ in a good yaytsenoskost too. In a year it is possible to receive from one individual to 105 eggs. These breeds quickly extended on the continent as are rather hardy. Males weigh 15 kg, and females – at most 8 kg.

Gallery: main breeds of turkey-cocks (50 photos)

the Mixed representatives

those which not only differ in a good yaytsenoskost , but also an exit of meat at them very high belong To the mixed breeds.

Of such it is considered one black Tikhoretsk. Representatives have black feathers with a greenish luminescence. Dense constitution. Wide thorax. The head by the sizes average. Turkeys very active, quickly adapt both to pastures, and to cages. Males weigh on 10 kg, and females – at most 5 kg. This breed is very widespread in the north of the Caucasus, in Transcaucasia. This breed in Krasnodar Krai by long selection of turkeys of local black breed was removed. For the first time wrote about breed in 50 years of the XX century. Then it was called Krasnodar or Kuban.

Pale-yellow turkeys treat the mixed breeds too. Adult males weigh up to 12 kg, and a female – at most 6 kg. This breed is very widespread in Georgia. Birds differ in a wide body. Paws are strong, wings, a little head are well developed. Color of feathers reddish-pink. The indicator of a yaytsenoskost is about 50 eggs, but the deductibility from them reaches 90%.

The Main Meat and Egg Breeds of Turkey-cocks and as to Grow Up Them

Flaky turkeys are considered as the mixed breed too. It is called still blue. Feathers are light, a gray beak. Eyes have a dark brown shade. This breed is not suitable for industrial cultivation, birds are bought for a collection and zoos, used for improvement of a gene pool of other breeds.

Canadian bronze it is considered the mixed heavy breed too. It is more productive, than broiler turkey-cocks. Adult males can reach in 90 days after the weight birth up to 30 kg. As for females, their weight on average 15 kg.

At individuals long paws very strong and strong, can maintain big weight. Tail very big and magnificent. One more feature is existence on a neck and the head of skin education. In the people it is known as "corals". At males a chin is the large fleshy appendage. When the individual is excited, this new growth increases to 15 cm. A plumage color black or white with a bronze outflow. Individuals by the sizes compact, a thorax wide.

The Main Meat and Egg Breeds of Turkey-cocks and as to Grow Up Them

of Feature of the choice of birds

To choose birds for cultivation, first of all it is necessary to consider the purposes. Some breeds differ in a big indicator of an exit of meat, at others a high yaytsenoskost. There are also mixed breeds.

Allocate 3 groups of breeds of turkey-cocks:

  1. Lungs. The maximum weight of males is no more than 15 kg, and females – up to 11 kg. Individuals give many eggs which differ in useful properties. On many characteristics they it is much better, than chicken. At turkey-cocks diseases seldom develop. They can even feel perfectly under trying conditions. Treat such breeds black, Norfolk, Dutch, Tikhoretsk, silvery. They are popular thanks to unpretentiousness, adaptability. Costs of their cultivation and maintenance low.
  2. Averages. Treat such breeds pale-yellow, Moscow, North Caucasian. Weight males can have no more than 25 kg. It is rather simple to grow up them, no additional conditions are necessary. At birds good health.
  3. Broiler. These are cross heavy breeds. An example are shirokogrudy bronze and white, the gibril-converter. Their weight can reach nearly 30 kg. If cultivation of turkey-cocks only for receiving meat, then this option the best is supposed.

Now many prefer cultivation of turkey-cocks of BIG 6. At these birds quality eggs, good efficiency and tasty meat. Individuals use a little forage so cultivation will be profitable. If to compare on all characteristics, then the hybrid of Big-6 is much better, than broiler breeds of turkey-cocks.

Many manufacturers prefer Byut-8 and a tunic. These cross breeds consume not enough forage, but differ in good efficiency. Even from them it is possible to receive a large number of meat for short term.

The Main Meat and Egg Breeds of Turkey-cocks and as to Grow Up Them

of the Recommendation about cultivation

There is a set of other versions with good indicators of efficiency so it is possible to choose many options. But anyway it is necessary to consider the recommendations of experts and veterinarians to achieve good results. Surely should execute the following:

  1. Processing of the hen house before acquisition of turkey-cocks is necessary. For this purpose it is possible to use iodic checkers, extinguished lime, solution of formaldehyde or the polisept.
  2. Not to allow emergence of drafts and dampness.
  3. The laying always has to be clean.
  4. In a feeding trough there should not be a dung.
  5. To use only high-quality forages.
  6. It is not recommended to grow up turkey poults together with other bird species in one room.
  7. It is necessary to support baby birds separately from adult individuals.
  8. It is impossible to allow a stress for pets.
  9. To prevent contact with wild birds.

It is recommended in the preventive purposes to give to birds antibiotics during the period between the 6 and 11 day from the moment of the birth. Tilan or Tilozin is usually used. Only 5 g on 10 l of water are required. It can be replaced with the medicine Baytril (on 1 ml of substance with 2 l of water). It is worth repeating the procedure in a month.

Turkey poults at the age of 7 days need D3 vitamin. About 1 g on 1 l of water is required to add it and to give 3 times in a row. In 6 weeks to repeat the procedure. Chiktonik is still recommended to give (1 ml on 1 l of water). It is a complex from vitamins and amino acids. Thanks to these means it is possible to achieve rapid growth of baby birds. Besides birds will be healthy and strong, with good indicators of efficiency.

Species of turkey-cocks are very different. Choosing breeds which will be suitable for cultivation in certain conditions, it is necessary to pay attention that there are meat, egg and mixed versions. Besides all breeds can be divided conditionally into heavy, average and easy. It is necessary to decide at first on the purpose of cultivation of turkey-cocks and to study rules as to grow up them.

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