- Jan 14, 2020
|Wavy popugaychik||Melopsittacus undulatus|
the AREA of DWELLING AND LIFE IN the NATURE
The name is given a wavy parrot not just like that. Latin Melopsittacus undulatus is translated as a songbird with the wavy drawing. And the English Budgerigar went from the Australian Betchegara that is meant by "good food" as the Australian natives eat these birds.
In the nature practically all birds are painted equally. The main color of a body at them grassy-green, ahead on the head is available a mask of gentle-yellow color with 6 black throat spots. From each side of the head there is also about one malar spot of violet color. An upper body, beginning from edge of a yellow mask and a neck and also wings and a back, are covered with the black wavy drawing. Paws of pale gray-green color. Two long central feathers — dark blue with metal gloss. This coloring is patronizing and allows wavy parrots to merge with surrounding leaves of trees and herbs. Size of a body of adult birds of only 18 — 19 cm
Wild wavy popugaychik inhabit plains of Australia and constantly wander in search of a forage. Their rapid flight reminds flight of a falcon. They live in packs and a large number of time care about each other. The sizes and structure of pack change every minute, individuals leave and join it constantly. The majority of packs support from 10 to 100 birds, however these small packs can unite in the huge congestions which are often consisting of thousands of birds.
On the historical homeland air temperature often fluctuates within 56 degrees, and fluctuations of duration of light day are 3.5 — 5 hours.
When time to start a family (September — December) comes, wavy popugaychik break into couples and build nests in hollows of trees on edges of the akatsiyevy and eucalyptus woods. During the nested period males create the pack for joint search of food for the females who are hatching out eggs. Couples from the next gnezdoviya gather in small flocks and are fed together near trees where their nests are located.
8 various sounds at wild wavy parrots were identified. The most frequent sound proceeding from flock of birds in flight is very similar to chirping of house popugaychik. Other shouts mean a vstrevozhennost or the conflict with other members of pack and also during courtings. At bringing up, baby birds and the hatching-out females also make peculiar sounds.
At various times wavy parrots flew away or were released by owners in the different countries so it is not surprising that there were wild populations of these birds which took roots from such accidental or deliberate cases in these parts. The example of such population is available to the USA, the State of Florida. As a result of the researches conducted in 1977, it was revealed that such populations meet generally from Golf Koast and Spring-Hill, to the north of Napls, small populations on the Atlantic coast from the Fort Pierce, to Saint Lucie's Fort and Loderdale. These birds meet in suburbs, depending on existence of a food supply and gnezdoviya. Parrots arrange spending the night in limits or near the center of the cities. Gathers for spending the night from 6.000 — up to 8.000 individuals. At packs there is a set of color variations though "normal green" prevail.
Such populations can get accustomed only in conditions, favorable for them (climatic, fodder, etc.), those birds that depart in our climatic zones, unfortunately, will die if they are not sheltered in time by the person.
Length of a body of a wavy popugaychik — up to 20 cm, weight 40 — 45 гр.
The beak is bent as at a predator, but at the same time the top part does not grow together with a skull, and forms the mobile joint having the big range of action. Thanks to this universal tool, the parrot can break branches, leaves, fruits, seeds and to crush them and also to transfer and lift different objects, to climb branches and even to defend.
Language of a wavy popugaychik thick, fleshy and rounded off.
As for color variations, them at wavy popugaychik more than 200! Primary colors: green, blue, yellow, white, gray and violet. But, besides these flowers, their various shades and multi-color combinations, including cinnamon, spotty, opalinovy, etc. Krom of color variations meet, also crested popugaychik from various type are removed by cops. And also exhibition wavy popugaychik. Modern exhibition birds are larger than usual wavy popugaychik twice. The feather at such birds longer also is more fluffy. They have "cap" on the head and long feathers on cheeks, and, depending on a color, a set of "beads" (throat signs).
Besides, exhibition birds owing to the fact that they were brought for exhibitions are quite phlegmatic in comparison with the small relatives. They, most often, are less mobile in this connection they can be prone to excessive weight. However, externally they are very effective.
How many years there live wavy popugaychik in house conditions?
Life expectancy of these birds can fluctuate from 10 and even up to 20 years on condition of good contents and heredity.
How to distinguish a female of a wavy popugaychik from a male, and baby birds from adult birds?
The sex can be defined on color of a voskovitsa (nose bridge): adult males can have it bright blue, pink-violet or pink depending on a color. However, at a healthy male of voskoviyets always smooth. And here at an adult female color of a voskovitsa and her texture can change depending on its hormonal background. She can be from light to chestnut-brown. Usually a voskovitsa at females wrinkled. However at some colors of voskoviyets can be white, opaque, slightly rough.
As for baby birds, they have less bright plumage, depending on a color a wavy top part of the head, black eyes and a dark beak. Young males have a uniform-pink voskovitsa, at females, most often, the voskovitsa has white circles around nostrils, and its color lighter and uneven, than at males. At some colors of a bird and in an adult state have black eyes without iris. At the majority of colors the iris in the eyes appears by 4 — 5 months.
the Age at the majority of colors of wavy parrots is determined on color of a voskovitsa, an iris in the eyes and to presence of the wavy drawing on a forehead. As the first molt at these parrots begins at the age of 4 — 5 months then there are these metamorphoses. By a year the bird buys adult plumage and on external signs it is already impossible to determine the age. However, if the bird is banded by a fixed ring, on it year of birth is usually specified.
CHARACTER AND TEMPERAMENT
Wavy popugaychik — quite noisy birds, they constantly jump, chirp and violently react to everything therefore before acquisition think whether really you want to share housing with such pet. Besides they can scatter garbage around a cage, damage wall-paper or soil a table.
Wavy popugaychik live in the nature flocks therefore they very much suffer without communication. From you it will be required to communicate constantly with the pet, to play and talk. If you are very busy, but at the same time have insuperable desire to get such bird, get at least two popugaychik. It can be two males or a female and a male. As for two females, they seldom get on with each other as they constantly divide the territory. However, if take enough place and birds, for example, from one nest, then two samochki-sisters can get on not bad.
If you need the sociable pet, when choosing slowly bring a hand to a cage. If the parrot panics, he will hardly suit you. Take the one who watches you with curiosity, runs backwards-forward – such popugaychik is tamed and studies better. For domestication it is necessary to choose a young bird at the age of 2 — 2.5 months.
Wavy popugaychik are very active and have to have an opportunity to fly. It is necessary to release them at least for 1 hour 3 times a week. Wavy popugaychik are inquisitive, adore exploring new places therefore the room has to be safe.
These birds sleep 12 — 14 hours a day, and for this time it is necessary to provide rest and silence.
CONTENTS WAVY POPUGAYCHIKOV
Wavy popugaychik are quite unpretentious, but it does not mean that it is not necessary to care for them at all.
A cage it is better to arrange in the light place (but not under the influence of direct sunshine), it is desirable at a wall, approximately at the level of eyes, far from drafts and heating devices. The kitchen or the surface of the refrigerator, TV or washing machine will become the unsuccessful choice. It is the best of all to lodge the feathery friend in the living room or the bedroom.
The best form of a cage is rectangular, with flat or dome-shaped top.
for rest and the shelter. Therefore a part of a cage should be covered with matter. The minimum sizes of a cage for a wavy popugaychik (with access of a parrot to walks in the room):
On 1 bird: length – 40 cm, width – 25 cm, height – 30 cm
On couple of birds: length – 60 cm, width – 30 cm, height – 40 cm
But the more cage, the better. It is better to provide a sliding bottom, suspended drinking bowls and sliding or suspended feeding troughs.