- Sep 18, 2019
- Jan 14, 2020
Family сипух differs the appearance and habits from other breeds of birds of group of sovoobrazny markedly. The owl lives in the close neighbourhood with people and is not afraid of the person that allowed to support this bird of prey in house conditions. As a result of observation of her behavior under natural conditions of the nature and in the closed space of the apartment interesting conclusions why the sipukha is called a cat were drawn.
Sipukh ordinary is a slender bird with an oblong body about 39 cm with a small weight in 300−400 grams. At such dimensions she possesses wings of big scope (80−95 cm) which first line is covered with a fringe from feathers. Such plumage extinguishes the slightest fluctuations of air, doing flight of an owl silent .
This breed of owls has the long strong legs which are completely covered with feathers, but with the sharp bent claws and also a short tail and a strong yellowish beak.
Fluffy plumage sipukhi consists of soft plumelets. The top half of a body is painted in ocherous and red color which dazzles with small specks and short strips of gray tones. A color of the lower part white, with rare impregnations of dark specks.
Head of an owl large and round. On a face a flat disk in the form of a heart which is covered with small plumelets of white color. Red feathers decorate with a border edge of a nimbus of the person and eye hollows .
Differences between females and males are insignificant and concern tonality of plumage (a female slightly more dark). Young birds all equally motley.
Huge eyes of an owl with an iris of the eye of dark-brown color hide in bone outgrowths which are outside protected for centuries. Sipukh has acute eyesight. She is capable to see objects in kilometer from herself at night and not bad is guided in the afternoon .
The family of sipukhovy owls has the special structure of the hearing aid and the heads which are asymmetrically located on each side ears: left on a forehead, right near a nostril. Thanks to it the feathery predator is capable to catch volume foreign sounds from the different parties.
This breed of owls can be met in many countries of the world, except hot deserts, ice Antarctica, northern states of America and Canada. In the territory of Russia the place of their dwelling is the Kaliningrad region.
The sipukha usually on open plains with prevalence of a light forest, on meadows rich with a grass, lodges in marshy lowlands, along ravines, on heathlands. Often she can be met near rural dwellings of the person, on attics, in sheds and even in city constructions.
Sipukh it is tied to the territory of dwelling and seldom leaves it. It often makes flight of the possession and expels the intruded strangers , trying to frighten them, or enters with them a fight.
The owl hunts at night, promptly attacking the victim and pressing down it sharp claws. Small birds and rodents, mice become its production.
Sipukh prefers to live in loneliness and only in the first months of spring creates marriage couple. During this period they, usually silent, become noisy and loud. Owls by sharp hoarse and hoarse voices shout for what they and were nicknamed by sipukham.
For a nest the male is engaged in the choice of the place. It can be a hollow, the thrown nest, simple deepening in the building.
The female lays from 3 to 7 eggs and them hatches out month. Baby birds hatch the blind persons covered with dense down. Two months both parents care for education and feeding of posterity. In 3 months the young growth leaves a nest, having learned to fly surely and to hunt independently.
Recently as the house feathery pet people began to choose an owl of this breed. It gained such popularity because of the pretty appearance and nice on the touch plumage. of Little owlets buy in specialized nurseries .
to Contain houses a predatory and free bird not easy, and therefore it is necessary to know several rules of specifics of its maintenance and leaving:
With nightfall the owl begins active life, making a set of various sounds. In the afternoon it expresses the mood clicking of a beak or clatter of language.
Sipukh demands almost constant supervision. The baby bird spends with the owner more time, the it is simpler to operate further behavior of a bird in surrounding reality.
In a house situation the owl is very inquisitive, it plays with pleasure various small objects, rags, toy mice.
The obtained information on this breed of owls allows to understand better why in the people the sipukha is called a cat in the environment of feathery predators. It is enough to compare habits of this forest inhabitant and a freedom-loving cat to see amazing similarity of an image of their life at liberty and among people. Such generalizing signs are:
The house sipukha quickly gets used to the owner. Calmly it allows it to iron the soft feathers and with pleasure sits at it on shoulders. The owl is capable to get on with other pets if they do not show aggression in relation to it. She is unaffected by strangers.