- Jan 14, 2020
- Jan 14, 2020
- Jan 14, 2020
For true fans of the nature will not be a secret that it is perfectly possible to support various wild birds of our native avifauna in house conditions, and it is in some cases possible to achieve even their reproduction. Besides, over some types (for example, goldfinches) conduct selection work, a quantity of colors is removed. Let's get acquainted with these great representatives of the feathery world closer.What wild birds can please with
us in house conditions?
The bullfinch ordinary (Pyrrhula pyrrhula) at us is associated with hard frosts and a winter icy cold, however not one century these birds successfully contain in house conditions and even bring baby birds.
This bird treats vyyurkovy what tells her reinforced beak about, and is related to sparrows, goldfinches and even canaries. Usually in the winter these birds are very noticeable as males have a bright red paunch, females are painted not so expressively. And here in the summer when the woods are covered with greens, bullfinches cannot almost be seen, besides, part of them is the wandering birds, other settled. Both males, and females sing. The voice is quite loud, however birds usually shortly sing.
There live bullfinches in bondage about 10 - 12 years.
On a photo: bullfinch
The inexperienced person should not catch birds independently: it is illegal, and, most likely, will lead to death of feathery. It is the best of all to buy bullfinches from manufacturers or fowlers with the license only after adaptation of a bird. The bird should not be afraid of the person and has to be accustomed to sterns. It is necessary to know structure of these forages that independently to prepare them and to mix.
The diet at a bullfinch has to be very rich as in the nature they do not limit themselves only to several types of grain. The state of health of a bullfinch, his plumage and life expectancy will depend on it directly.
In a house diet of a bullfinch has to be not only rich зерносмесь (about 3 tablespoons on a bird), but also freezing different types of berries (a mountain ash, a guelder-rose, cherry, currant, a juniper, a barberry, etc.) which can be prepared. Besides, offer birdies greens, cones, branches with kidneys, vegetables and fruit, germinated grains.
Sometimes it is possible to indulge bullfinches insects and their larvae. It is better to use house removal of flour hearts, so there are less chances to infect a bird with helminths.
In the period of a molt surely enrich a diet with animal protein, it is possible to add special forages for red canaries, it will help to keep a color bright.
The cage for bullfinches has to be spacious (80х50х40 cm), choose material safe, however keep in mind that the liquid dung quickly enough puts some types of plastic out of commission. Poles have to be the suitable thickness (several different diameters) and with bark, are located at the different levels in a cage. Do not forget about a kupalka, a drinking bowl, capacity for mineral mix, sepia, swept. Feeding troughs for damp and dry feeds have to be separate.
During adaptation of a bullfinch it is better to place a cage above that birds not so strongly were nervous at the sight of the person. The cage should not be on a draft and under direct sunshine, but in the light place. When keeping a bullfinch you watch length of light day: it should not differ from natural.
Bullfinches quite after adaptation can be let out on walks, however the room should be secured. Walks are arranged only under supervision. Make for birds special prisada and stands where bullfinches can spend time and knead wings.
Sviristel ordinary (Bomrucilla garrulus) also, as well as the bullfinch is associated at us with a winter, these birds we then and we observe flying from a tree on a tree and eating a mountain ash. Sviristelya it is also quite possible to contain in house conditions.
It is quite large birds with a length of body up to 23 cm, the main color of a body pink-gray, on wings and a tail black, white and yellow feathers. On the head sviristel there is a noticeable cop. Song of males sviristel quite loud and shrill. In a diet during the summer period there are a lot of insects, berries, seeds. In winter time of a bird eat generally berries.
On a photo: sviristel
At the maintenance of sviristel in house conditions very many space is necessary, it is better to use the open-air cage as birds quite large and demand big space for flights. It is very important for their health as sviristel are very inclined to overeating and obesity. For contents it is better to pick up couple of birds or to lodge a sviristel in pack: they are quite peaceful and do not put up fights. However there live sviristel in the conditions of bondage only several years, in the nature is more often longer.
The diet sviristel has to be balanced and various as life expectancy and quality of plumage depends on it.
At sviristel very fast metabolism, they eat much and defecate much, it should be considered in selection of material for the open-air cage. Access to change of a laying has to be convenient and easy. Around the open-air cage also there have to be washing materials as sviristel are quite careless when they eat.
In a diet sviristel in house conditions have to be various berries (different types of a mountain ash, a hawthorn, a sea-buckthorn, a barberry, a juniper, cherry, sweet cherry, bilberry, a cranberry and others), juicy fruit, vegetables, greens, sometimes insects and a stern of animal origin. Grain forages of a bird are practically not eaten.
In a cage sviristel there has to be an access to fresh water, mineral fertilizing. Poles for sviristel have to be the corresponding diameter and are located at different height, it will help birds to move more actively.
It is brisk or the brambling ( of Fringilla montifringilla) also treats vyyurkovy birds and is the representative of avifauna of Belarus. Jyrki have a red color with black impregnations on the head, a back and wings. The song of a brambling – quiet creaking chatter. Usually they are held for the sake of their beautiful plumage.
On a photo: brambling
Bramblings in house conditions can be supported in spacious cages or open-air cages. With other birds it is necessary to be careful as load-packs can be aggressive to them.
In a cage of a brambling there have to be suitable poles with bark, a kupalka, a drinking bowl, feeding troughs, mineral mix, chalk, sepia.
The diet of a brambling has to include grain forages, greens, berries, fruit and vegetables. In the period of a molt and reproduction offer birds of insects, germinated grains. In a cage place young branches with kidneys, cones, etc.
A chaffinch ( of Fringílla coélebs ) it is distinguished from wild songbirds not only beautiful plumage, but also the fine song. Males of a chaffinch are painted brightly – on the head a blue-gray hat, a back and a breast reddish, wings black in white spots. Females of a chaffinch have more dim coloring. In a diet of wild birds not only grain plants, berries, but also insects, their larvae.
Chaffinches in the conditions of bondage can live about 10 - 12 years.
On a photo: chaffinch
The bird needs to be bought adapted to the person. The matter is that chaffinches quite hard get used to bondage conditions, often fight about cage rods, forcing down the plumage. Adult birds especially hard get used to society of the person.
In the open-air cage to a chaffinch will be more comfortable, but also in a spacious cage it is also possible to create suitable conditions. They with care can be supported with other bird species as males of chaffinches can be quite pugnacious.
Males of a chaffinch can please you with the song almost all the year round, excepting the molt periods.
In chaffinch enclosure poles of suitable diameter at different height are established, besides, it have to be possible to place branches with foliage and berries. In addition, in a cage there have to be a kupalka, a drinking bowl, feeding troughs, mineral fertilizing, chalk, sepia.
The diet of chaffinches in house conditions has to be quite various, mix of cultural plants and wild-growing, weed best of all will approach. Offer juicy fruit, vegetables, various berries. In the period of a molt and cultivation, for example, the diet of a chaffinch needs to be enriched with insects, larvae, germinated cereals.
The cage or the open-air cage have to be located in well lit place, not on a draft.
Surely carefully wash feeding troughs and drinking bowls of a chaffinch as they can be often polluted by a dung.
An ordinary tap dance ( of Carduelis flammea ) a small songbird with a length of body about 12 — 15 cm
Males and females of a tap dance are painted in brown-white tone, there are hats of red color, for males a pinkish breast and a paunch.
Tap dances are quite unpretentious, however not really often contain them in house conditions as they sing not really "brightly". They perfectly are suitable for gregarious contents with other songbirds. If there is no pack, then the best decision will get a couple of birds. They have to be adapted to the person. For such it is pleasant to birds to observe, they cheerfully jump on poles.
On a photo: tap dance
Prepare a spacious cage or the open-air cage where many poles of suitable diameter have to be placed for tap dances, it is possible to place small trees or bushes in the open-air cage. The kupalka is surely necessary, birds very much like to bathe.
In bondage of a tap dance there live only several years, in the nature up to 8 years.
Tap dances feed on the mixed forage. At the heart of a diet of a tap dance there have to be grain forages – seeds of weeds, cereals, trees and bushes, berries, fruit, vegetables, green forages. Also it is necessary to include in a diet insects and their larvae, in the nature they willingly eat a plant louse. You should not overfeed tap dances, these birdies are inclined to completeness. In a cage there have to be a mineral fertilizing, chalk and sepia.
A greenfinch ordinary ( of Carduelis chloris ) treats vyyurkovy birds, at it the beak is quite more powerful. A color of a body of a greenfinch generally olive-brown, on a wing a yellow strip, at females of a greenfinch a color lighter. Greenfinches eat vegetable and animal sterns. In summertime it is insects and larvae, in winter – berries, seeds.
The song at greenfinches is quite ordinary-looking therefore fans of birds infrequently support them, however they quite easily get used to bondage and many years can please the person. With other birds they behave quietly.
On a photo: greenfinch
It is possible to lodge these birds after adaptation in a spacious cage or the open-air cage. In a diet there have to be various seeds – the industrial forage will be suitable for forest birds or canaries, it can be enriched with seeds of weeds. Surely offer various green forages, vegetables and fruit. During a molt offer birds of larvae of insects.
In a cage of a greenfinch have a kupalka, feeding troughs, a set of poles, mineral mix, chalk and sepia.
Porridge ordinary ( of Emberiza citrinella ) has bright yellowy-brown coloring, females are painted more dimly. Song of an ovasyanka quite plain, monotonous. The basis of a diet of porridge is made by vegetable forages (cereals, weeds, berries, etc.). During reproduction use insects, and bring up baby birds the mixed food.
On a photo: porridge
In a cage or the porridge enclosure place suitable poles with bark, a kupalka, feeding troughs. Surely place mineral mix and stones in a cage. Often offer birds greens, kidneys, germinated grains, larvae of insects.
The cage for porridge has to be spacious and stand in the light place.