• Dec 7, 2018

the Scottish lop-eared cat breed Original and well-loved by many resembles a plush toy superficially and it is considered one of the most demanded in the world. A nice muzzle, ears bent forward, huge expressive eyes, gentle disposition and improbable charm. What else will be able to fill the house with heat, a cosiness and harmony? The second name of breed — a Scottish Fold.

Breed of Lop-eared Cats

History of origin

The first mentions of lop-eared cats meet in literature of the East of the end of the XIX century. However at that time, unusual kittens did not make a special impression on the Chinese felinologists and the breed did not find popularity.

The breed of the Scottish lop-eared cats gained fame in 1961, thanks to a find of the shepherd and big fan of cats William Ross who found an unusual white kitty on a farm in the District of Tayside that near the town of Kopar-Angus. The kitty received a nickname of Suzy.

As the Cat Scottish Lop-eared Looks

At a cat the posterity which part was with direct ears was regularly born, and a part remained lop-eared. Then William and his wife Mary made an attempt to register new breed which they called a Scottish Fold.

Not all felinological organizations accepted emergence of fold. In some lop-eared representatives of breed are still not recognized because of a gene mutation of ears. But in 1974 by the associations CFA and WCF lop-eared cats were given the status of experimental breed and since then folda began to participate in various felinological actions.

the Standard of breed on WCF

Folda differ in the unusual structure of the auricles which are the main feature of breed. Ears form a fold and are bent forward and down. Adult individuals weigh from 2.6 to 6 kg. Average life expectancy makes 12−15 years.

the Standard, on WCF following:

Scottish Lop-eared Cat Breed

  • The constitution is massive, thickset.
  • Growth is average.
  • The case is compact, roundish, stocky.
  • The head is big, with thick cheeks, a strong chin and the expressed small pillow of moustaches.
  • The muzzle is round.
  • Eyes are big, a little convex. Color corresponds to a wool color.
  • Ears are small, widely placed, with the rounded-off tips, densely pressed to the head.
  • A nose — direct, wide, a profile without stop.
  • The neck is short, thick.
  • Extremities are rather short, brawny.
  • Paws are round, large.
  • The tail is mobile, average length, without thickenings.
  • A color — "Chinchilla", "Bicolor", "Tabbi", Kaliko, various drawings with any amount of white color.
  • Defects are the ears going beyond a head contour, a profile with stop, a rigid tail.

Character and behavior

Folda are focused on the person, quickly enough get used to the new residence. Changes are not loved, but here walks with the owner are pleasant to them. Are quickly accustomed to a breast-band and a lead. Distinctive features of character:

Description of Breed of a Cat

  • independence (even selfishness);
  • selective memory — the pet acquires only information, favorable to it;
  • the increased feeling of own advantage — at all does not suffer rough hails and familiarity;
  • not persistence;
  • dislike for the conflicts and showdown;
  • excellent hunting qualities;
  • patience.

Folda — only pets, they do not love shift of furniture or re-planning of house space which a schitayutsobstvennost.

Maintenance and leaving

Lop-eared representatives of breed independently look after wool, quickly master a tray and a kogtetochka. Care of them simple, the main thing, regularly to perform several hygienic procedures:

As It Is Correct to Support a Lop-eared Cat

  • Wool — weekly comb-out (in the period of a molt — daily) a special mitten or a brush.
  • Ears — clean in process of pollution by the Q-tip moistened in special lotion.
  • Eyes — wipe with the clear water or liquid for eyes acquired in veterinary drugstore.
  • Claws — are cut in process of growth. It is important not to hook on a live zone of a claw, it is visible at cats with light claws.
  • Washing — once a month. Exhibition pets are washed in 5 days prior to an action with the shampoos intended for a certain type of wool and a color.

Feed 2 times a day with both quality dry feeds, and natural food. joins In a diet:

  • low-fat meat and fish (without bones);
  • cottage cheese and fermented milk products;
  • vegetables and fruit;
  • egg yolks (pound and add to porridges).

It is not recommended to overfeed as folda are inclined to obesity. On kilogram of weight 30 grams of food pay off.

Tendency to diseases and vaccination

Scottish Folds, as well as other breeds are subject to hereditary diseases . These are such diseases as:

  • поликистоз kidneys;
  • osteoarthritis (immovability of joints);
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy;
  • osteokhondrodisplaziya (hardening of a tail, lameness).

Animals it is necessary to impart annually. In 10 days prior to vaccination expulsion of helminths is obligatory. do to Pets the following diseases inoculations:

Colour of a Cat

  • kaltseviroza;
  • panleukopenias;
  • clamidiosis;
  • rage;
  • rhinotracheitis.

And also protection against fleas and ticks is required, for this purpose in veterinary drugstore special sprays, drops on withers or anti-parasitic collars are bought.

of Feature of cultivation

Folda on rock-forming signs of a geterozigotna. It means that the posterity is born both with straight lines, and with hanging ears. Kids differ from each other only in a shape of auricles.

Thoroughbred Cats in the House

An indispensable condition for manufacturers is crossing of a fold with strayty (pryamoukhy). One individual in couple surely has to be with direct ears. It will help to avoid deformation of a skeleton of future issue. Kittens are born pryamoukhy, ears lay down only at achievement of age of 4−5 months . At fold three degrees of a visloukhost:

  • single;
  • double;
  • threefold.

The last degree is more preferable, especially to cats of a show class.

Choice and kitten cost

Character of Cats of the Scottish Lop-eared

The kitten is recommended to be bought after achievement of three-months age by him, in the known nurseries or from the checked manufacturers. Before it it is necessary to study the description of breed of the Scottish lop-eared kittens. At acquaintance to the kid it is necessary to pay attention to a condition of wool, activity and mobility of a tail (on it zaloma and thickenings are inadmissible).

The kitten has to be imparted on age, thoroughbred animals have to have all documents as it should be. The manufacturer has to consult future owner about a diet of the kid (sharp transition to unfamiliar food will lead to problems with digestive tract), to schooling to a tray and other nuances.

The cost of the thoroughbred club kid varies from 5,000 to 15,000 rubles. A lot of things depend on a color, a family tree, education. If the kid is got not for cultivation and exhibitions, its cost fluctuates from 3,000 to 4,000 rubles

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