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the northern people always had a special attitude towards dogs, they always remained equal partners of people during hunting and invariable assistants in affairs. According to ancient shaman beliefs, these animals protect an entrance to the world of the dead, and in real life fearlessly enter a fight with polar bears and wolves. That is why Gronlandshunds are considered as the most furious among polar breeds.
Gronlandshunds treat the most ancient spitz-dogs , and on appearance are intermediate between huskies and a malamute. On the territory of North America they got from Siberia together with Eskimos of culture to Tula about one thousand years ago, but already then differed from the Eurasian fellows.
further there was a crossing to local dogs what the maternal mitochondrial DNA classified as гаплотип by A31 indicates. It is not found at other modern dogs, and the close relative lived on the peninsula Florida at the beginning of the second millennium of our era.
In 1975 scientists conducted a research of the remains of the ancient dogs dated from a late pleistocene till the early Holocene found on Alaska. All of them showed different extent of crossing with the died-out Berengiya's wolves and Taimyr (from 1.4 to 27.3%).This introgression of genes provided with
to the dogs living in high latitudes the phenotypical variability useful to adaptation in severe climatic conditions.
In Greenland this breed is used only as the worker. It is harnessed in dogsleds, appreciated endurance, speed and determinate character. Education of such pets demands huge efforts and big hardness therefore experts do not recommend to bring them as ordinary partners.
Moreover, dogs cannot live in the apartment, need the constant movement and badly transfer heat.
Main pedigree signs:
These dogs have very strongly developed hunting instinct , but do not approach as the security guard at all. Differ in independent character and do not feel special affection for one person, however, treat people friendly.
the Famous researcher Fridtjof Nansen used the Greenland spitz-dogs on the well-known travel across the Arctic Ocean, and not less eminent polar explorer Rual Amundsen attracted this unique breed to expeditions to Antarctica and to the South Pole.