• Sep 17, 2019
Already more and more owners comes to a conclusion that herd and communication with tribespeople for a horse — not luxury, but vital need. However stables where horses miss in solitary confinement still meet.

On a photo: Herd of horses

Herds of horses in the nature

In the nature can meet 2 types of horse herds.
  1. Some kind of herd harem where there is a leader — a stallion — and his mares. When foals are born, kobylka remain with parents, and young stallions, growing up, separate, and form herd of the second type. Communications between members of a harem very strong.
  2. Barchelor herds. They are formed by young or mature stallions who did not manage to get the mare or family yet. This type of herd is more chaotic, but in general his members rely at each other in questions of survival.
Alone in the nature of a horse is extremely difficult to survive. And, in spite of the fact that since domestication of horses there passed a lot of time, their requirements, including the need for communication with other horses, remained invariable. And, dooming horses to single imprisonment, we take away from them extremely important part of the life.
However should not believe that it is possible just to let out in Levada or on a pasture several horses and not to care for consequences.

What has to be herd of horses

Herd of horses has to be optimum by the size. If there is a lot of horses, and the territory is small, the conflicts including because of limitation of resources are inevitable.
Besides needs to be considered that the horse allows in personal space only of the closest friends.
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Personal space of a horse can be learned, having applied a formula: case length loshadi*2.
If a foreign horse interferes in personal space of your long-maned friend, to that it is necessary either to recede, or to banish the violator of borders. But if the territory small, violations of personal borders are inevitable.
What has to be Levada's size, proceeding from quantity of horses?
Temporary walking
0.4 hectares
For 3 horses
Year-round walking
0.6 hectares (and 1.8 hectares are better)
On 1 horse
Alas, but is horses who grew in isolation from relatives. In this case to them can be extremely difficult to join herd, they do not know rules of communication, and other members of the group will begin to slight them. The peaceful, friendly partner will be the best option for such horse.

the Principles of keeping of horses in herd

  • Group contents is possible if horses well get on among themselves. No matter, mares it or geldings and what age.
  • It is better that all horses of herd had an identical diet.
  • to avoid problems with capture of horses, not persons interested to abandon companions, it is better to divide horses who work till a lunch and after a lunch.
  • you should not separate the Developed couples of horses, whenever possible.
  • Big herds are formed, starting with 6 horses. Then every day about 1 couple is added.
  • it is ideal if mare and gelding are in herd in equal quantities.
  • it is better to support Elderly animals or in the company of the same pensioners, or together with foals.
  • Remember that formation of herd requires time. If people change and mix the developed groups, they can involuntarily bring chaos. Any beginner breaks the established orders, and rebalancing requires not less than 1 week.
  • Before entering a shy horse into herd, once you acquaint her with the horse having the high status in group and to allow them to create the coalition. In this case the beginner will be oppressed less.

Introduction of a foal to herd of horses

Foal in Herd
On a photo: A foal in herd of horses
Some isolate a mare with a foal from other herd, however similar strategy in many respects is wrong. Without having before eyes of examples of communication of horses in herd, foals lose chance to learn to interact with relatives.
The a foal will be integrated earlier into herd, the better. The kid will live in group of horses of different age and to observe different schemes of interaction which ensure safety.

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