• Aug 27, 2019
Means of protection of dogs from pincers can be divided into two groups:
  1. repellents which possess the frightening-off action
  2. insektoakaritsida which cause death of parasites.
Types: tablets, drops on withers, collars and also sprays and ampoules with essential oils, biomagnetic cards and ultrasonic charms.
All means of protection, except tablets, are not soaked up in blood.
Exist also the vaccines against a piroplasmosis, but their main task — not to prevent a disease, and to reduce quantity of lethal outcomes. Vaccination does not replace processing of a dog with means of protection.

Drops on withers

After drawing active ingredient is distributed on hypodermic and fatty cellulose, collects in hair follicles and sebaceous glands of dogs and is gradually allocated, frightening off or destroying fleas and ticks. It is necessary to buy pipettes with drops strictly on the weight of a dog, to apply directly to skin and not to bathe a dog in 3 days prior to and within 3 days after processing. The beginning of action — in 3 — 5 days after drawing.
Attentively read to
the instruction: on what weight the pipette for what term protection from what age of a dog it is possible to apply medicine whether it is suitable for pregnant women and feeding a bough is guaranteed is calculated.

Collars

that the term of their action of 5 — 7 months, but it is necessary to carry it without removing
Plus collars. The main minus — active ingredient is allocated from a collar, and it is difficult to provide constant control of existence of contact of a collar with wool and skin at dogs. The beginning of action of collars — in 2 — 3 days after the beginning of use.

Sprays

Sense of use of sprays in their repellent (frightening-off) action. Sprinkle a dog entirely, without forgetting about ears, a muzzle and a stomach. Sprays begin to work right after drawing.
Before full drying of wool cannot allow animals to pinch medicine.

Tablets

Is tablets on the basis of a fluralaner and on the basis of an afoksolaner. Periods of validity of medicines on the basis of a fluralaner — 12 weeks, on the basis of an afoksolaner — 4 weeks of a tablet cause death of parasites. Medicines do not give to puppies aged up to 8 weeks and weighing less than 2 kg. In the period of a shchennost and a lactation to apply medicines on the basis of a fluralaner it is allowed, medicines on the basis of an afoksolaner recommend to use under observation of the veterinarian.
the Main plus of tablets — medicine is only in a blood system and is not allocated for skin. Therefore tablets do not lose efficiency at solar influence or frequent water procedures. But they do not frighten off pincers, and kill them only after the parasite bites a dog.

Biological medicines on the basis of vegetable oils

To pluses can refer lack of accustoming to them at insects and health hazard of people and animals. These means are usually allowed for use to the pregnant women feeding sick and weakened by an animal, to puppies as do not contain toxic substances. Their only effect — in additional repellent protection of a dog before each exit to the street (but not instead of fixed assets!) Do not forget that effect of sprays decreases in the sun and after bathing!

Other means of protection of dogs from pincers

In extreme cases are allowed preventive injections . The term of their action — from 2 weeks to 1 month. Such protection has 2 essential minuses: first, reaction to medicine individual and precisely to define a dosage and period of validity of medicine rather difficult. Secondly, this medicine is toxic for a liver.

Magnetic cards and ultrasonic charms

Are safe for animals and the person. Do not possess toxic action. Are allowed for application for the feeding, pregnant and weakened dogs. Can be applied as additional resources of protection.

Active ingredients of medicines of protection of dogs against ticks

The most effective pyrethroids of the 2nd generation consider: permethrin, a deltametrin, a tsifenotrin, a flumetrin, fipronit, a piriprola. As the safest for people and dogs are recognized permethrin with fipronily.
Pyrethroids are environmentally friendly substances which do not migrate in the soil and water, do not kill earthworms. At the same time synthetic pyrethroids are toxic for parasites.
Permethrin is recommended not only for application in veterinary science, but also in medicine (WHO recommendation), and in life.
Permetrin quickly influences ticks, and at the same time frightens off and destroys them. However, there is also a shortcoming — on light active ingredient breaks up.
Pay attention! Permethrin is dangerous to cats: they can get poisoned. If at your place there live both a dog, and a cat, it is necessary to apply the means of protection containing permethrin extremely accurately. If it is drops, do not allow contact of a cat with a dog right after processing! It is better not to apply collars on permethrin at all.
Fosfororganichesky connections (тетрахлорвинфос, carbophos, метилмеркаптофос, хлорпирифос, etc.) also drive a dichlorvos, diazinon in composition of medicines against pincers . But they possess very high toxicity (the I-II hazard class for the person), are easily absorbed through mucous membranes, the injured and uninjured skin, integuments irritate. Because of it, and also because of low reliability at a dosage at the moment the European countries and the USA refuse FOS, replacing them with safer means.
Carbamates (пропоскукр). They are less toxic than FOS (the II-III hazard class for the person). Though carbamates also possess the same mechanism of action, as FOS, they are brought out of an organism, and the risk to get poisoned below. Besides, they are quite safe in respect of carcinogenicity.
Amidina: амитраз . These substances, as well as carbamates, have contact neurotoxic effect, but to them at pincers resilience is not developed. They cannot be applied to young dogs and animals of the small size. When using substances of this type the probability of allergic reactions is high. The toxicity is lower, than at FOS and carbamates. Amitraz is not considered human carcinogen.

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