- Dec 7, 2020
- Feb 26, 2020
It is important to each owner to know what types of motivation of a dog happen correctly to use them in education and training of the pet. What types of motivation of a dog happen and how to develop motivation of a canine friend?
There are two types of motivation of a dog: primary and secondary.
Primary motivation is what each dog has actually: food and game.
Any dog likes to eat, and most often we build training by means of food because food calms nervous system, the dog who was more concentrated, quieter, and it is simpler to it to think for what action she receives a piece. And usually we train a dog in new skills by means of food.
Besides when a puppy we small, – have his natural desire as much as possible therefore it is much simpler to us to agree with it.
It is food motivation, but it is important to us to develop also game motivation of a dog.
Often the game motivation is present at a dog though there are animals who not really like to play. And, for example, if we know that our puppy does not play in the street, and plays only houses, in fact, it is our first task – to teach him to be played on the street.
A game is very important in training of a dog. It excites nervous system, and when the skill is already learned by means of food, we need to increase excitement level at a dog to be convinced that it is ready to execute those commands in which we trained it. If the dog is capable to concentrate at work even during the game, even after improbable excitement, most likely, we will receive the pet who will hear us and to listen even in a game with other dogs or when he lifted a hare or when tries to rush for cats, or birds fly around.
For this reason we need to teach a dog to play and develop game motivation as a game is that tool by means of which we can control excitement of a dog and process of training.
We take food and toys. We begin to feed a dog, we give a piece behind a piece, then we hide food and we suggest a dog to play with a toy. If the dog easily switches to a toy, and then to food again, it is remarkable – very balanced puppy or an adult dog means, most likely, at us. Such dogs meet by nature, it is a pleasure to work with them, but, unfortunately, this exception.
Most often at a dog, as well as at the person, some one interest prevails. The dog most often is more inclined tends or to play more.
If our puppy ignores a toy and tries to find the hidden food, most likely, a dog – "food industry worker", and it it is necessary to teach to switch to a game or to like to play.
There are also dogs at whom the game motivation prevails. In this case, having played with a dog, having hidden a toy and having suggested it to eat, you see that the pet ignores food or is enough and spits out pieces, at the same time tries to find a toy. You can congratulate yourself on what your task will be to teach a dog is, it is kind of illogical did not sound. If to offer a dog only a game, we will receive very overexcited "pupil", it is extremely difficult to them to behave in paws, inclined to frustrations, with a low threshold of tolerance.
For this reason is important to acquire balance between food and game motivation of a dog.
There are also secondary motivations which do not concern the main. These are those types of motivation which we acquire specially. It is social motivation of a dog.
belongs To social motivation of a dog a praise or stroking (and other pleasant tactile feelings).
Why the social motivation needs to train a dog specially? Because during the training we use, of course, and I go, and a game, but at us can not always be with itself during walk food or a toy. Besides, we want that the dog obeyed us without food and toys. But always near a dog there is a conductor, the owner, and the dog needs to explain that when we say: "Oh, what you are a remarkable dog!" — it is healthy.
It is better to develop social motivation of a dog since the childhood. For example, when the puppy is not engaged in anything important, we can begin him to extol, clap violently until he does not show joy signals: will begin to wag a tail, "to smile", jump, etc. For it we can encourage the kid by means of a game or food. Thereby we explain that when the owner praises a dog, it will be followed by something very pleasant. Then we remove food and a toy, and we have only praise.
Social motivation of a dog – very convenient tool, a praise always at us. But this motivation needs to be formed in addition, an artificial image.