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pets from a table, many owners of pets continue to leave regularly to the favourite scraps or are conducted on manipulations which force it to share a tasty piece. Human food not always suits cats, often provokes serious diseases. Especially harmful can be a sweet and salty food.
Some cats show much interest in desserts. As a rule, they are attracted by confectionery which are rich with fats. It causes desire to try a sweet dish and even love to similar food in a cat. The pet cannot test taste of sugar as it in language has no receptors distinguishing sweet. Thus, the cat who ate a piece of cake will not be able to share enthusiasm of the owner concerning a dish and, on the contrary, will worsen the health.
Veterinarians note negative impact of sweets on an animal organism. The destroying influence of sugar is divided into three directions:
The first is explained by the excessive caloric content of sweet products. It is difficult for organism of a cat to cope with that amount of energy which confectionery give, and its certain part remains unspent. Over time it turns into fat. If family members regularly feed up the pet sacchariferous food, he considerably will put on weight. Excessive body weight leads to obesity, heart troubles and other bodies, to diabetes.
Sweets seriously harm human teeth, and at a cat enamel is 10 times thinner. The Sahara, appeared in a mouth of the pet, provokes growth and distribution of various bacteria. They begin vigorous activity which destroys structure of tooth, causing caries, a periodontal disease and other serious diseases.
When the cat eats a lot of sugar, her gastrointestinal tract glitches. The balance of the microflora living in digestive tract is broken, and the number of bacteria in intestines considerably increases. It is possible to determine malfunctions in work of a GIT by changes of a chair, developing of diarrhea.
Chocolate is especially dangerous to animals. It is connected with the content of caffeine and theobromine. If the first substance promotes heartbeat increase, a tremor and excessive activity, then the second often leads to a lethal outcome. Cats the xylitol used for giving of sweet taste to products is also noxious to health. It sharply increases the level of insulin and lowers glucose level that can lead to a coma.
Sweet is strictly forbidden for pets therefore you should not feed them with similar products. Small piece of cake can turn back huge expenditure for the help of the veterinarian, you should not risk.
To treat the favourite, buy special treats for cats. They have brighter taste and also do not contain harmful substances in the structure. At the same time in everything it is necessary to know when to stop and not to overfeed the pet with delicacies which cannot become full replacement of the balanced forage.
Unlike sugar, this component is necessary for good nutrition and health of a cat. Salt contains in sterns for animals and also in meat and fish products, eggs. At the same time it is important to calculate correctly daily norm of salt as its surplus can lead to violations in functioning of cages of an organism.
Impact of a small amount of chloride of sodium on the pet's organism in general favorable. Substance promotes active penetration of nutritious elements into bodies of digestive tract. The organism also needs salt because of its ability to bring waste out of cages, thereby in due time cleaning them.
However it is impossible to go to far in sodium chloride too. Consumption of the increased amount of salt causes growth of number of electrolytes in an organism. It, in turn, leads to violations of processes in cages.
Chloride of sodium is the integral component of food of pets as it favorably influences their organism. Usually it is necessary for a cat about 21 mg of salt that makes absolutely tiny part of a teaspoon. The dose can differ depending on the sizes of an animal, his weight and breed, but the maximum quantity of salt in day should not exceed 42 mg.
To define whether enough sodium chloride you give to the pet, fill one bowl with usual water, and another its isotonic solution. If the cat drinks from the second capacity, it lacks salt. If she greedy and often drinks plain water, the amount of substance in food needs to be reduced.
A lethal dose for a cat — 3 g on 1 kg of body weight. For an adult cat it is about 2-3 teaspoons of salt. It is also worth reducing consumption of salty fish who in large numbers destroys the favourite's organism.
To define overeating, it is necessary to know symptoms. The following reactions are characteristic of the cat who ate a lot of sugar:
It is important to watch a condition of a cat. Small amounts of sugar it is in most cases harmless, important to provide the pet with a large amount of water only. In more hard cases it is possible to wash a stomach with activated carbon. If sugar was eaten too much, it is important to bring the favourite to the veterinarian.
At poisoning with salt the following symptoms are observed:
At small overeating of salt the animal will independently cope. It is necessary to fill a bowl with water and more often to update it. If the pet does not drink, make an enema. In hard cases it is important to show as soon as possible the favourite to the veterinarian as the probability of a lethal outcome at poisoning with salt is high.
Sweet and too salty products seriously damage health of a cat therefore it is important to limit her from them. Replace sugar with delicacies for pets from pet-shop to protect the pet from obesity and diabetes. Salt in a diet is necessary, but it is important to watch its quantity.