• Sep 8, 2019
Passed

several years since that moment as you took home a little kitten, and it became at some point clear that the cat changed – she became less mobile, but is more picky in food, and its wool lost former gloss. The cat is still healthy, but is already elderly. We understand how to define an old age of a cat and we tell how it is necessary to change her food allowance.

At What Age the Cat Is Considered Elderly and What She Needs to Be Fed with

On what depends process of aging of cats

As well as any live organisms, pets grow old over time, lose vital signs, concede in appearance to younger relatives. Process of aging proceeds with a different speed depending on a number of factors.

of Feature of breed

Thoroughbred cats are subject to hereditary diseases as often knittings happen between relatives. Therefore not purebred and the half-blooded is considered as healthier.

Life expectancy is affected also by genetic features, for example, Siamese cats live about 15 years, and Persians – on average for 3 years longer. Most of manufacturers and veterinarians do not connect directly the term of life and belonging to breed, too many factors affect their interrelation.

Condition of an organism

Life expectancy is directly connected with fertility of animals: than more posterity, life is shorter than subjects. The insistent recommendations of veterinarians of need of sterilization have strong reasons. Because reproductive loadings wear out an organism and demand power expenses.

The postponed and chronic diseases, operations, injuries have not less impact. All of them promote fast process of aging of an organism of an animal.

of the Condition of keeping

The cat living near the person lives much longer than homeless relatives who are forced to fight for survival and livelihood.

As a rule, the domestic cat itself cares for purity of the body: licks wool, cleans claws. There is no need for frequent washing, the exception is made by cases of infection with parasites, strong pollution or preparation for an exhibition. Long-haired animals are daily carefully combed out in order to avoid emergence of koltun.

Vaccination and expulsion of helminths affect the state of health and are prevention of serious diseases that besides affects quality and life expectancy.

Quality of feeding

As well as in a case with people, health of your pet and time of his life directly depends on this factor.

The balanced food is provided as dry and damp feeds of industrial production, and natural food. In that and other case it is important to observe the principles of a measure, systematicity and rationality.

A proportional combination of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, an exception of salty food, existence in a diet of vitamins, minerals and minerals – a component of good nutrition. Cats are capable to determine the volume of necessary food, it is not necessary to limit them in it if there are no bans of the doctor.

Do not forget about respect for hygiene and sanitation.

How to understand that your cat elderly

Process of aging of a cat begins approximately after 7 years, and elderly she is considered by 10-11 years. Middle age – 15 years, maximum – 22 – 24 years. The age of a cat from 9 to 13 years corresponds to 55-65 years of human life. Age changes happen gradually, but at attentive observation you can notice problems in time and take preventive measures.

To what it is necessary to pay attention:

  • Changes in behavior: decrease in mobility, activity, slow movements. Your once vigorous cat jumps less, climbs up pieces of furniture less often, sleeps more. For a dream chooses secluded places, prefers more dark and warm. Before tender, can show aggression or indifference to the owner with age.
  • Begin to bring sense organs: sense of smell, taste, hearing, sight. At a hearing disorder the cat does not respond on a nickname, appeals, the owner's voice. Deteriorations in sight are visible on careful movement and violation of orientation in space. The sense of smell influences a loss of appetite, refusal of a forage or selective food.
  • Changes of appearance: the density of wool, silkiness and gloss decreases. Wool on the outer side of ears, tips of paws and a tail loses brightness and partially turns gray.
  • Chronic diseases of the musculoskeletal device, digestive and urinary systems become aggravated.

In certain cases consultation and treatment is required from the veterinarian, especially at sharp change of weight, the increased thirst, violation of urination and defecation, wool loss, allocations from auricles.

What to feed with

elderly cats

The food allowance of the aging cats has to change taking into account physiological age changes.

The erased chewing surfaces of teeth, caries, a scale do not allow to cope with rigid food as earlier. Therefore, food needs to be crushed or frayed, slightly to knead a dry feed in liquid, to use soft canned food.

It is better to replace fat heavy food with less high-calorie, special sterns for elderly cats. It is necessary to exclude smoked products and products with addition of spices.

To destination the veterinarian it is useful to add vitamin supplements to a forage. They will help with maintenance of immunity, prevention of catarrhal and other diseases.

It is necessary to offer a cat cellulose and fibers of plants for removal of lumps of wool from intestines and its timely depletion. The sprouted wheat, bran will approach.

It is undesirable to give food with the content of carbohydrates – try not to treat a cat with sweets, pastries.

At a diet there have to be boiled fish and meat, eggs.

The drinking mode assumes continuous access to the fresh water better bottled or passed via the filter. The cat has to consume liquids is a prevention of diseases of kidneys and a GIT enough.

Related Articles