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the St. Petersburg sphinx – the Russian cat breed differing in lack of wool. Actually wool at Peterbalds, namely so still is called the St. Petersburg sphinxes, nevertheless is, but it is very short. To the touch the hair of the pet is similar to a peach thin skin.
Between the St. Petersburg and other kinds of sphinxes there are significant differences which are at first sight imperceptible. Cats of breed a Peterbald received the name in honor of the cultural capital of Russia in which they were brought.
This cat breed is considered one of the youngest as she was brought by experts in the nineties of last century. By crossing of the Don sphinx and an oriental short-haired cat felinologists from St. Petersburg received the first kittens of new breed. In each been born kitten the best qualities of these breeds were combined. From the Don sphinx St. Petersburg inherited a smooth integument, and from oriental – a distinguished constitution and appeasable, good-natured character.
The received result inspired selectors, and they were accepted to improvement and cultivation of new cat breed. Soon experts from other Russian cities joined the St. Petersburg felinologists. In a couple of years the Peterbald (the St. Petersburg sphinx) was officially recognized by Selection Felinological Federation, and in a year was registered and recognized the international association TICA.
At the beginning of the 21st century the cat of this breed was recognized by the World Federation of Cats, and its official standard was registered. Experiments and multiple experiments on improvement of the St. Petersburg sphinxes continue to this day.
Peterbald kittens, however, as well as adult representatives of this breed, look very elegantly, presentably and distinguished. Standards to which each St. Petersburg thoroughbred sphinx is obliged to correspond are stated in the description of breed.
A constitution at representatives of this breed quite proportional, the head narrowish, long and slightly extended. In a long neck graceful transition in the form of a bend is observed. A nose at the St. Petersburg sphinxes of a straight line, ears disproportionately big, wide at the basis, with the tips divorced in the parties. The so-called English posad of ears is highly appreciated at Peterbalds. The head and the pet's ears at the same time resemble a sharp blade superficially. As a rule, at the St. Petersburg sphinxes of a vibrissa are not present , but at some individuals all of them are observed and happen a little wavy. Eyes, as well as at the majority of kinds of sphinxes, an almond-shaped form, slightly slanting, a look very expressive and serious. Color of eyes is yellowish, emerald, blue, and sometimes blue. Unlike the majority of other pedigree cats, kittens of the St. Petersburg sphinxes early enough open eyes: for 3-5 day after birth.
As for the sizes of adult representatives of this breed, they, as a rule, small. The cat has the body extended of a tuboobrazny form. If to look at a pet from above, then can seem that his shoulders and hips have identical width. The edge of rounded shape, the inguinal line should not be picked up.
Extremities at the St. Petersburg sphinxes quite high and harmonious, pads of rounded shape, a small pillow thick, and the fingers extended. Crooked front extremities are a serious lack of the St. Petersburg sphinx.
The particular emphasis at the description of breed should be placed on a tail of a pet. It at Peterbalds quite long, thin already from the basis. Professionals call a tail of the St. Petersburg sphinx hlystovy. An essential shortcoming at Peterbalds are tail breaks.
Representatives of this breed are quite tiny and are considered as rare pedigree cats. As for the weight of a male of the St. Petersburg sphinx, it ideally has to weigh about 4 kg, and the female – is 1 kg less.
The characteristic color of the St. Petersburg sphinx is presented in a large number of various shades. Individuals of cream, chocolate and lilac colors are of the greatest value. Partikolora and a kolor-point are the most widespread and valuable colors of a Peterbald too. Quite seldom St. Petersburg sphinxes are born in monocolour. It is extremely seldom possible to meet a kitten of this breed with absolutely gray, black, red or snow-white color. Kittens, as a rule, have various specks.
The total absence of wool infrequently meets at representatives of this breed; distinguish some features, such as:
In the absence of a woolen cover signs of a color begin to be shown at a Peterbald directly on an integument.
The St. Petersburg sphinx has very sociable, friendly character. Representatives of this breed do not show unreasonable aggression, embitternment and rancor. To the owner quickly become attached and sincerely love him; treat strangers friendly.
Peterbalds adore purring and "talking". They can sometimes tire and even to irritate neighbors therefore owners should consider this factor.
The graceful and distinguished appearance of the St. Petersburg sphinxes is their unconditional advantage. Pets are very clean and always carefully look after "hair".
the St. Petersburg breed of sphinxes is also very curious and inquisitive by nature. At them did not bad develop a hunting instinct, and cats adore studying the environment. To lock a pet in the close room it is useless as the curious sphinx will find a hole and will surely get out of a forced imprisonment. They do not take out loneliness and adore spending time with the owner and other family members.
The St. Petersburg sphinxes pay for unusual exotic appearance with predisposition to certain specific illnesses. Actually it is a little of them, but at the same time the state of health of a Peterbald needs to be controlled carefully. the St. Petersburg sphinxes are inclined to such diseases as:
The underdevelopment of a timus is considered the most difficult illness. Timus is responsible for growth and development of an organism of a pet and for his immunity. At a congenital underdevelopment the Peterbald kitten most often perishes at early age.
Average life expectancy of the St. Petersburg sphinxes of 13-15 years.
In spite of the fact that the St. Petersburg sphinxes have practically no woolen cover, they strongly sweat and are soiled. Through skin of pets the brown raid, on feelings similar to wax is developed. Normal, not too plentiful allocations can be deleted by means of the children's cleaning napkins or the sponge which is previously moistened in clear water.
It is regularly desirable for St. Petersburg sphinx to carry out water procedures. After bathing it is necessary to wipe carefully a cat and to watch that he did not overcool.
The breed of the St. Petersburg sphinxes most often has no eyelashes therefore at them in corners of eyes allocations collect. The owner has to wipe the pet's eyes daily.
The owner who needs to watch for the general a condition of the pet should not forget also about advantage of suntan for these cats. Small solar bathtubs will give to a Peterbald of external appeal, and here excessive can provoke appearance of burns.
it is not recommended to Shave off the insignificant number of a hair . Hairs which die off independently can be deleted, but live it is impossible to pull out violently.
At considerable release of skin substance the owner should prick up the ears as such sign most often indicates that the Peterbald incorrectly eats. The diet at uncharacteristic plentiful allocations is developed by the owner for the pet incorrectly.
Due to the lack of wool and high temperature of a body at pets the raised metabolism because of what Peterbalds eat much is observed. For this reason it is desirable to combine competently natural food and industrial tinned forages.
Despite the raised metabolism, the St. Petersburg sphinxes cannot be overfed and given them large portions. The daily portion has to be moderate, and in breaks between meals it is undesirable to feed up a cat.
A Peterbald – a cat very distinguished, graceful, graceful and elegant. Character at representatives of this cat breed too quite friendly and appeasable, and exactly thanks to it it won popularity among numerous fans of cat's and professional manufacturers worldwide.