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Timely sterilization of a cat will help to avoid a set of problems. You will not observe how the animal suffers during a techka, will save yourself from need to attach the next dung. And, above all – sterilization helps to prevent a serious oncological illness of a uterus and mammary glands at a cat. Let's tell how it is correct to look after a cat after sterilization.
Most often operation passes through access on a stomach of a cat. Therefore then there is a small seam which needs to heal within 7-10 days. During this period, especially in the very first days, it is important to limit a cat in movements. Sharp jumps cause tension of muscles of an abdominal tension and can provoke a divergence of seams.
Prepare the small room for the pet or separate its part. Objects on which the cat will be able to jump should not be near. Besides problems with a seam, the animal can irresponsibly put itself a trauma. In the first day after an anesthesia the animal not finally recovered. In eyes there can be a doubling that will lead to the wrong assessment of distance to objects. Therefore in attempt to jump the cat incorrectly will expect where there is a subject and can unsuccessfully land.
For the first day it is better to be limited to a big cage or carrying – it will help to limit movements of a cat. Further release the pet, but try to limit space. In the room there should not be a place where it will be able to be filled so that the owner will not get. You always have to have an opportunity to examine a seam and to correct a body cloth. If a cat on free walking, then do not release her before removal of seams on the street at all. It is fraught with pollution of a seam and accession of an infection.
In the room where there will be a pet after operation there should not be drafts. But also excessive closeness is badly transferred by an animal. Try to find rather comfortable place without open windows nearby. It is better if other animals who can disturb the operated cat are not near.
The first 12 hours after operation do not give to the pet even of water. At this time there can be nausea and vomiting therefore you should not provoke them. In 12 hours it is possible to provide a cat with fresh drinking water of room temperature. Next day it is possible to begin to feed the pet.
The first food has to be that to which the animal got used, but, at the same time, sparing. If a cat on natural feeding, then offer her boiled low-fat meat or low-fat cottage cheese. If the cat eats a dry feed or canned food, then feed with that brand, as was before sterilization. Of course, it is desirable that it was the class forage a super-premium above as only they will be able to provide to a cat really healthy food.
For the first time do not give too much food – the animal can still feel the nausea connected with an anesthesia. Offer small portions 3-4 times a day. In several days food returns to that, as was before operation with some additions.
At a cat the hormonal background will change. It will occur not right after operation, but within several months you will notice changes. The pet will become quieter, perhaps, will begin to move and frolic less. At the same time, the appetite will increase by 20-30%. It will lead to a notable increase of weight. Therefore be not entered on a string at an animal who will elicit the next portion of food. The sterile animal needs a strict diet which violation will lead to obesity.
The special dry feed for sterile animals will be the best option. It is easy to dose it and at once it will be clear – the cat overeats or not. It contains the smaller number of calories, than in a usual forage therefore a set of weight will be insignificant.
At cats the pain threshold, than at people is much higher. Therefore the animal will not feel severe pain. But for the first 3 days after operation the anesthetizing injections or tablets are all the same necessary to save an animal from unpleasant feelings. Nausea and weakness during the postoperative period are quite explainable an anesthesia. Therefore the animal is not recommended to feed and give to drink during the first hours. Just place it in the warm dark place and you watch that there was no vomiting. If there was vomiting, and the pet still finally did not recover, then turn her head sideways and calm easy stroking on the head, nausea not to be long.
Already in a day, and some earlier, cats begin to try to pull together with themselves a body cloth. It protects a seam from a razlizyvaniye therefore it is impossible to allow its removals. Constantly correct ties, you watch that the body cloth sat comfortably and did not pull together wool. In the first day it is possible to tie it more hardly, further movements of a cat in a body cloth have to be free.
The body cloth is removed once a day for processing of a seam. For this purpose use antiseptic spray or ointment with the healing medicines. Processing is continued before removal of seams. Usually it becomes for 7-10 day.
Cats are rather hardy and strong animals. They quickly adapt and easily transfer any interventions. Therefore most often in 4-5 days the pet will return to a usual way of life. After removal of seams the body cloth is not put on any more if on a scar the crust was formed, then it disappears independently.