• Apr 23, 2018

- it is the wild representative of the cat family. The name of an animal comes from Mongolian. This animal is known still as oriental carpets a cat. Rather recently manula were on the verge of total disappearance as the area of their distribution was considerably narrowed owing to anthropogenic influence. Habitat of their dwelling quite extensive: certain regions of the Western China, Tibet, Mongolia and Afghanistan and also some regions of Iran and Southern Transbaikalia.

Kot manut
- it is the wild representative of the кошачьих

Внешний family a look

The German naturalist P.S. Pallas for the first time met this animal on the coast of the Caspian Sea in the 18th century. However and now not all is known of life of these wild cats under natural conditions as they very reserved by the nature.

At the end of the 20th century public attention was paid to manula that is in many respects caused their unusual external by a look. These animals have the dense constitution of a body and dense wool. From many other representatives of the cat family they are distinguished by roundish pupils instead of more habitual vertical.

This animal resembles cultivated superficially and if especially not to look narrowly, it is easily possible to confuse it with that. Transbaikal manut about 4 kg can weigh, but also big copies meet. Length of a body of an animal reaches about 50-65 cm. However thanks to a dense fur cover this unique creation looks much more, than it is actually.

At manul the frame is very developed. Body dense and stocky. Paws are rather short, but very massive, a tail thick. As well as other parts of a body, it is covered with very dense wool that does it visually even more, than it is.

In fact hair of an animal deserves special attention. Siberian manut 2 times a year fade to adapt to the changing weather conditions.

The animal has not only long ostevy hairs, but also very dense and warm underfur. Remarkable feature of these creations is dense fur on cheeks and a tail. On a back the density of a cover reaches 9 thousand hairs on cm ². Ears and paws of an animal roll in fur. It is necessary for it not to freeze in cold winters. The cat has a light gray color of wool, but tips of hairs are decoloured. During the winter period wool gets a pale-yellow and ocherous shade, on a tail and a muzzle drawings in the form of symmetric strips and spots are clearly noticeable.

the Wild steppe cat lives in certain regions of the Western China, on Tibet, in Mongolia and Afghanistan and also in some regions of Iran and in Youzhny Забайкалье

The color and density of wool considerably visually increase the animal sizes for which it also is famous.

Manul (oriental carpets a cat), as well as all representatives of this family, has very sensitive hearing and sight. Eyes at an animal quite big. A round pupil of black color, and an iris – bright yellow. The visual device is protected by well developed blink membranes. As these creations live in the wild environment, they have very big and sharp claws. Their tips are considerably bent. They are well involved in fingertips.

Pallasov a cat in the habitat

This cat tries to steer clear of the person. The animal usually lodges near places where there are at least small rocks. Thus, it is really cave cat. Among stony crevices or holes of big rodents these surprising representatives of family can equip to themselves a den. If necessary they can independently dig to themselves holes. These creations by the way of life in many respects differ from other representatives of family.

The Transbaikal wild cat manut tries to come for hunting in the evening and at dawn. In certain cases he can trap the victim at night. Cats always equip an ambush as they differ in considerable sluggishness, are not capable of long jumps therefore they cannot pursue the future dinner or a breakfast. However the color of wool helps them to remain imperceptible and to wait patiently the victim.

Enter a diet of manul:

  • field mice;
  • small birds;
  • eggs;
  • small hares;
  • groundhogs;
  • insects;
  • larvae.

These animals in summertime eat some species of herbs, mushrooms and berries. Small manut, despite menacing look, has no aggressive temper. He трусоват also seeks to avoid any dangers.

These creations differ in very modest sizes therefore can become the victims run wild dogs, wolves and also large birds, for example, of eagle owls or eagles. The sluggish cat is simply not capable to escape from these natural enemies quickly enough. At danger he hides or gets on the next tree.

Reproduction in the nature

Decrease in population of these animals even in the conditions of reserved zones is in many respects connected with considerable dispersion of individuals. Thus, the steppe cat manut quite often just cannot find to himself couple. The cat only breeds once a year. Usually couples are formed in February-March. Mating dance at these creations differs from those at ordinary cats a little.

Males can enter fierce fights to continue the sort. Techka at females proceeds no more than 42 hours then the possibility of conception is lost. If the cat copulates, at her there occurs pregnancy which lasts about 60 days. Then the female equips a den in a hole or a crevice. Kot father does not participate in education of posterity.

The issue at these wild creations is small. Usually in a dung from 2 to 6 enough large kittens who reach about 12 cm of growth and 300 g of weight.

The first 2 weeks the young growth of a manul does not leave a den. Kittens begin to see clearly for 10-12 day of life. During this period they gradually begin to leave for a while a hole and to be basked in the sun.

To 3 weeks age the kitten of a manul eats exclusively maternal milk. Then the female begins to lure gradually their meat rodents and insects. Approximately from 3-4 months kittens begin to try the forces, but even in this case they do not seek to leave quickly mother, adopting at her skills of life of wild cats.

The young growth reaches Polovozrelosti approximately by 10 months. Average life expectancy of these animals in the nature makes about 11-12 years.

Possibility of domestication of manul

The attractive appearance of these representatives of the cat family made them extremely popular therefore many people wish to get such pet, without understanding that, as well as to any wild animal, special conditions which cannot just be created even in the big private house are required for it.

Cats of breed manut are steppe creations therefore the narrowness of city apartments can become for them pernicious. Besides, in the nature they prefer to keep aloof even from representatives of the look. Thus, manut "house" hardly will be delighted to presence in the room of people or other pets.

In addition, it is necessary to consider that at this wild cat canines and claws much more, than at cultivated. Even if to take into account that in general manula are not aggressive, nevertheless if they feel danger, then are quite capable to attack of the person that will end for the last with serious injuries.

Some unfair people catch manul for further sale, but you should not buy this wild animal as nothing good from this will leave even if the animal will be taken in the house by a kitten.

Now it is known that manula in the native habitat practically do not face diseases which are characteristic of domestic cats.

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Quite often manut "house" in bondage perishes from toxoplasmosis to which they have no natural immunity, and some other pathological states which are widespread among the cultivated representatives of this family.

Accommodation in the human house is a serious stress for this purpose of a steppe animal. Necessary conditions can provide to manula only large zoos. However even in this case it is not always possible to recreate Wednesday and to achieve stable reproduction of these cats in bondage.

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