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of the Inoculation surely even if the cat house and seldom goes outside. Health of the pet is affected by many factors. Even if the owner will well look after an animal and it is correct to feed him, without immunization the kitten is subject to risk to catch a dangerous infection. It is important to owner of the kid to know why it is necessary to vaccinate all cats what inoculations need to be done to kittens and what rules should following that vaccination took place successfully.
When do to kittens inoculations, they create active immunity against infectious diseases. You should not ignore preventive vaccination as not at all pets good natural resistance of an organism to pathogenic microbes is noted. Moreover, even if the animal will have rather resistant immunity, it will not save it from all misfortunes.
To adhere to healthy nutrition and to watch purity of a toilet of a cat extremely important, but infection with a viral, bacterial or fungal infection can occur at any time even if the cat extremely seldom leaves the house. First, owners can bring an infection on footwear or on clothes. Secondly, dirty hands can cause infection too. Quite often in an entrance domestic cats can run. There is enough that they were just rubbed about a door or marked it. It is necessary to be careful also with a grass which is brought for cats. After the visit to the veterinarian where there can be sick cats, the risk of infection with pathogenic microbes increases many times.
It is the most widespread ways of infection of pets. Besides it is absolutely unimportant what breed your cat. Viral diseases are transmitted to all: to both lop-eared British, and not purebred animal.
For bigger persuasiveness it is possible to study pluses and minuses of vaccination of a kitten. Pluses of timely inoculation of animals:
Minuses of immunization of cats by means of inoculations:
If owners do not know at what age they do inoculations and whether vaccine is necessary to their animal, it is necessary to consult to the expert. It is desirable to come with a kitten to veterinary clinic where doctors will examine an animal and in detail will tell about everything.
Before vaccination the animal needs to be shown to the veterinarian. After survey he has to tell whether it is obligatory to do an inoculation to a cat. There is a number of factors in the presence of which it is impossible to vaccinate the pet. It is not recommended to impart a cat in such cases:
Vaccination is considered a necessary method of prevention, only when an animal absolutely healthy.
Usually veterinarians suggest to impart kittens from such diseases:
At infectious rhinotracheitis the virus affects the upper airways and eyes. If the animal got sick with panleukopenia, then in an organism of a cat irreversible process begins: the total number of leukocytes in blood gradually decreases. Most often the animal dies.
Die of these diseases of a cat most often. If in time not to vaccinate the pet, then treatment can not render due effect. As for risk group, get into it both cats up to 3 years, and the old weakened cats. It is important to note that the listed diseases only animals can have. These infections are not dangerous to people. Only rage can do essential harm to human health.
Except the specified diseases, cats can be threatened and other infections, for example deprive, cat's clamidiosis, a cat's virus of an immunodeficiency. Domestic cats seldom catch these diseases: the listed illnesses are characteristic more of cats who often walk on the street and contact to other animals. To avoid infection, it is necessary to make additional vaccination.
It is necessary to vaccinate cats from the listed diseases irrespective of the fact which they are breeds. Veterinarians advise to buy import vaccines because they safer and effective. If the kitten has to do vaccination against rage, then it is possible to buy quietly medicine of both domestic, and import production.With what age to begin an animal with
A consensus into the account of that, when the first vaccination, no has to be done. Most of veterinarians claims that primary vaccination of kittens has to be done not later than 2-3 monthly age.
Usually experts advise in the first months of life to do to a kitten polyvalent vaccines. These inoculations help to protect an animal from several diseases at once. Often veterinarians advise to do the first inoculation to a kitten of the house that the animal was not afraid. If the owner is afraid to do it independently, it is possible to ask the veterinarian to come out to the house.
Irrespective of the place where vaccination will become, it is the best of all to choose medicine with the expert. Having examined an animal, the doctor will be able to help to pick up the most suitable vaccine taking into account features of a kitten, an epidemiological picture of the region where the owner, and conditions which contain the pet lives. Separately from the first vaccination it is necessary to give an injection from rage and from depriving.
If after survey the veterinarian solves when to do inoculations to kittens, then till this time the animal needs to be prepared. At first it is necessary to carry out preventive expulsion of helminths. If previously not to remove worms, then after an inoculation the pet can die. Antivermicular processing needs to be done surely. For this purpose it is possible to use such medicines as Pratel, Milbemaks, Prozitsit. In that case when in excrements larvae of worms were found, protivogelmintny medicines need to be given to an animal once again in 2 weeks.
Antivermicular processing needs to be carried out until in excrements there are no worms. That is if after repeated drug intake in excrements still there are worms, in 14 days the pet needs to give protivogelmintny medicines again.
In day when it is necessary to do inoculations, the veterinarian has to examine an animal and take body temperature. At cats temperature 38-39ºС is considered normal. If all indicators are normal, it is possible to do vaccination.
At first it is necessary to be defined what inoculations are necessary to a kitten and when it is the best of all to do them. It is impossible to impart an animal just like that: it is necessary to adhere to a certain sequence. Several schemes of vaccination of cats are developed. The most optimum consists of 3 stages:
It is possible to do the first inoculations in a complex. When using polyvalent vaccines at the pet the immunity against several activators at the same time is developed. When choosing vaccine it is desirable to consider features of the region. Many veterinarians recommend to use such vaccines as Vitafelvak, Nobivak Triket and Multifel-4 about one year.
The revaccination needs to be done surely 21-28 days later. It will promote development of steadier immunity. Further repeatedly it is necessary to impart cats once a year.
During a revaccination against clamidiosis, kalitsivirus, rhinotracheitis and a paleykopeniya it is necessary to do vaccination against rage. Experts recommend to buy the medicine Nobivac Rabies. This widespread disease is dangerous both to an animal, and to the person therefore it is necessary to approach a question of vaccination of a kitten against rage responsibly. The revaccination needs to be done annually during all life of a cat. Veterinarians recommend to do it at the same time.
The last inoculation in the offered scheme – against a microsporia and a trichophytia. In the people these diseases unite one name - "cutting deprive". Trimivak, Vakderm and Polivak-TM enjoy popularity of vaccine. It is necessary to give an injection from these diseases a month later after a rage inoculation. Repeated inoculation needs to be done once a year.
Often owners forget what inoculations do to kittens and in what terms. That to keep everything under control and not to endanger an animal to untimely vaccination, it is desirable to create the special passport. The name of vaccine, its series and number, carrying out time is specified in it. The document can be bought in any veterinary clinic.
Many owners do not decide on vaccination of the animal because not only do not know what inoculations to do to a kitten, but also it is not aware, how much is this procedure. Usually are included in its price vaccines, the pet passport and services of the veterinarian. Still it is necessary to consider that each clinic exposes the service prices.
Medicines stand approximately equally: $10-15. But it concerns import vaccines. Domestic medicines cost a little cheaper. Besides it should be taken into account that it is the price of polyvalent vaccines. If to impart an animal separately from each disease, then the price of medicine will be much lower. For example, the French rage inoculation Rabizin costs only $2.5, and the Netherlands Nobivak рабиес – $3. These inoculations become only 1 time, that is repeated inoculation is not obligatory.