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From time immemorial on Armyansk the plateau, near the Lake Van, lives a surprising cat – the great swimmer and the inveterate fisher – Turkish van. According to a legend, in the first days after the termination of the Great flood when Noah's Ark arrived to Mount Ararat, of water there was too many around, and all sat in an ark, waiting so far it will subside. But to freedom-loving and independent cats bothered to be locked up for a long time. They fearlessly plunged into the water and quickly reached the coast, having learned to swim thus. Since then swimming became favourite occupation of local cats.
The habitat of a vansky cat has a unique environment and rich cultural and historical heritage. Both factors closely intertwined with animal life.
In the territory of East Turkey throughout many centuries 3 ethnic communities lived nearby: Turks, Kurds and Armenians. Each ethnos in own way called local handsome who, by the way, with pleasure lived among people and communicated with them. Turki's "van-kedisi", Kurds – "a pishika to Vanya", Armenians – "katu bathtub" called it . But in all cases the translation is identical – the cat living on the Lake Van or a vansky cat. The animal is a favourite character of local folklore.
As for natural and geographical conditions, they created appearance and animal habits.
The Armenian plateau has continental climate. It means that average air temperature in July is from +20 to +22ºС, and in January – from-12 to-16ºС. Temperature falls to the coldest winters to-45ºС. And though the proximity of the lake, large on the area, softens local climate, but at cats some features of the building and physiology allowing to transfer well both a summer heat, and winter cold weather were developed.
, but length of wool can significantly change from a season by a season. So, in winter time hair of animals gets denser, especially dense are a tail and the shirtfronts area, and on pads between fingers the wool bunches which are carrying out a role of heaters grow.
But in summertime in a heat to vansky cats there is a following: they so strongly fade that turn into short-haired animals. One more way to endure a summer heat is a bathing. the Turkish bathtubs disproved the assumption about fear of water at cats long ago. Both kittens, and adult individuals with pleasure in hot time swim, lap and play in shallow water of the lake. Having come to the coast, animals very quickly dry: the special texture of wool has effect of water pushing away. It is one more surprising property of breed connected with the habitat and a way of life. Dirt too practically does not stick to Van's wool.
Turkish van by origin the mountaineer and as all mountaineers, has excellent health and big life expectancy. Cats are practically ill nothing, they have no hereditary diseases, average life expectancy – 15-17 years, but individuals quite often meet 20 years are much more senior. It is possible that the breed differs in so good health thanks to the fact that it was formed under the influence of bathing of ancestors of present van in waters of the salt lake.
The modern genetics precisely established that the Turkish bathtubs are representatives of one of the most ancient cat breeds and that "native breed" from which there were domestic cats.
Cats of breed of the Turkish Van from time immemorial lived near the person in the homeland. To Europe the first vansky cats got to times of crusaders which returning from campaigns, brought a set of wonders including unusual animals. Since 17th century the European travelers even more often began to get to Turkey, Armenia, Persia and Kurdistan. They left a set of written descriptions of cats who were seen in east countries. But in those days all long-haired cats of the Middle East were called Angora: neither the color, nor the structure of a body mattered.
a cat Turkish van gained the Real recognition only in the middle of the 20th century, and is accidental. The English journalist Laura Lashington working in Turkey and being the big lover of cats paid attention to effective animals. Having shown interest in animals, Laura easily received as a gift two heterosexual kittens and safely continued a travel on the car. What her surprise when at the first stop for rest, kids jumped out of the car was and, being ahead of each other, rushed to the next reservoir, but not to get drunk and to swim for a while and gambol.
These two kids were the first famous representatives of vansky breed brought to England in 1955. Animals grew and gave fine posterity with the steady characteristic signs descended. And it could mean only one – cats were thoroughbred and thoroughbred. So in Europe the foundation was laid for cultivation of thoroughbred Turkish van. By the end of the 60th years from Asia enough individuals necessary for implementation of requirements for official recognition of breed full and thoroughbred were taken out. The first name of breed was "the Turkish cat", but 1971 it was renamed into the Turkish vansky cat. Under such name the breed was recognized worldwide.
Modern Turkish bathtubs are averages by the size semi-long-haired domestic cats. Their length from a nose tip to a tip of a tail fluctuates from 90 to 120 cm, height – 35-40 cm, the weight of cats – from 6 to 9 kg, cats – from 4.5 to 6 kg. The head has the form of the truncated triangle, large ears with dense wool from the inside, eyes big, slanting. Distinctive feature of breed is color of eyes : they can be blue or amber color, but classics is considered when one eye blue, and another amber. Animals differ in a strong constitution, but cats more brawny. The wool extended and silky without dense underfur is shorter on a neck and forepaws and is longer on a stomach and back extremities.
Very important sign of breeding of Van is his color. The classical color of an animal which is recognized by all international organizations is a white cat with a red-chestnut or cream color of a tail and several spots of the same color on a muzzle and paws. At the same time on a tail from 5 to 9 brighter rings have to be allocated. Such color is classical vansky.
The often brightest orange spot of the correct oval form meets on the left paw of animals. Local folklore and this fact explains with a travel of cats on Noah's Ark. According to a legend, God thanked cats the touch for the fact that they caught a mouse who wanted to gnaw through a hole in an ark and to ruin all. On the place of touch there was also a divine trace.
Some phenological organizations recognize also other colors: black-and-white, white with blue, black tortoise. Also international organizations completely recognized absolutely white cat of the Turkish Van whom it is accepted to call only in Turkish – van-kedisi.
In a case with van-kedisi there is very tough rule on the ban of crossing of purely white animals. In this case the probability of birth of deaf animals is high. Therefore only animal husbandry with a white color and classical vansky is allowed.
Cats of breed Turkish van differ in very live character and sweet temper. They are mobile, playful, inquisitive. The animal does not take out loneliness and never long sits on a sofa or in a corner. The cat is very tender and playful with all members of household, including children and animals. However he will love only the owner whom he will choose. Do not think that if you were chosen as the owner, then now your pet with pleasure will sit at you on hands or to doze on a lap: bathtubs of it are hated. And here to climb to you on shoulders and to drive a little on your neck is with pleasure.
Vana very well give in to training: they quickly learn to open doors, to turn on the light, with ease master other simple tricks to which you decide to teach them.
The Turkish bathtubs very much love walks on air. At the same time they do not object to a lead at all. You will be able to give special pleasure to the pet if you walk him from time to time on the river bank or lakes where it will swim for a while much and will play enough in shallow water. By the way, bathtubs not only excellent swimmers, but also good divers.
The Turkish bathtubs – the most unpretentious of all pets. One the fact that animals are ill nothing already removes the most part of problems on care of them. Cats well transfer both dry feeds, and natural food. Of course, you should not expect excellent health of the pet and to feed him with cheap food: forages always have to be a premium class with well balanced ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Fish is a traditional, favourite and obligatory battery of Van : it should be given several times a week.
If owners have no opportunity to bathe a cat in a natural reservoir, then it is quite possible to use a bathtub. Few times in a week allow the pet to swim for a while and play in water. For a game it is possible to use any children's toys: what them will float more in a bathtub, that will be more cheerful to a cat and you.
As animals have no dense underfur, it is possible to comb out them 1-2 times a week. A little more often it should be done in the spring in the period of a molt.
Vansky cats do not like to be contemplators of events, they should participate in them. It is good if the pet has an opportunity to take a walk in the yard or in the open-air cage. If there is no such opportunity, it is necessary to provide to an animal the maximum availability to windows, balconies or verandahs: there they will think up, than to occupy itself.
Real thoroughbred van is a big rarity. Its cost in Russia begins from 30000 rubles. But even such high price does not guarantee acquisition of a thoroughbred thoroughbred kitten. It is more than chances to get the real Van from it in the homeland, in Turkey. But also here the difficulties. The matter is that van is included in the Red List and that him officially to get and bring out of the country, it is necessary to process a set of allowing documents. As a result the price sometimes passes for several thousands of euros.