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to the cozy house favourite. It obviously looks adapted for severe conditions. It was officially announced by separate breed in 1977, the honor to be the first registered animal dropped out to a cat by nickname Pans Truls. But, undoubtedly, the Norwegian cat – breed rather ancient, dear and deserving detailed consideration.
Though the breed is also called Norwegian, it is widespread on all Northern Europe. It is interesting that in Norway she long time was called just forest cat. There are different versions of its origin. The most popular option – ancestors of modern representatives of breed (and it is the Angora cats) were delivered to Scandinavia in the XVI century by the ships as helped to get rid of the rats attempting upon poor provisions and carrying plague. The character at the cats living on the vessel quickly became rather rigid as living conditions were not the most favorable. And having appeared in Scandinavia, on the firm earth, these animals quickly ran wild.
They adapted to rather severe climate, got to themselves livelihood, generally caught fish. And they had to climb trees much. It explains from where at them such strong, tenacious and well developed claws. The forest cat breed which nearly anew it was necessary to cultivate turned out.
There is also other version of origin of breed. She claims that such cats got to Scandinavia long before the 16th century. Allegedly Vikings brought them by the ships from Scotland. That is it is even not Norwegian, and the Scottish cat. And its long wool is result of the Angora mutation.
that ancestors of modern representatives of breed appeared in Scandinavia for a long time, says also that in old times they were associated with the pagan goddess Freyey. Allegedly these cats were harnessed in its chariot. By the way, Freya was considered as the goddess of love and fertility, but as well as all other characters of the Scandinavian mythology, was rather severe. Character it surprisingly match the description of the Norwegian forest beauties. It is interesting that this Scottish (or Norwegian) the breed is even on rather late engravings representing the goddess Freyyu so it is quite ancient tradition.
these animals had one more name – skogketa, that is forest cats. And here they (or their some far ancestors) are mentioned even in the ancient record "Younger Edda". One of legends narrates about how even powerful god of Torahs did not manage to lift the skogket from the earth. That is these cats are obviously known to the Scandinavian folklore since those times when Vikings also did not think of conquest of Scotland.
For a long time forest cats were crossed to short-haired cats. So at one time the breed was on the verge of disappearance. But it after all managed to be kept efforts of enthusiasts.
These animals differ in quite large sizes. Kittens quite big, grow long, completely ripening by 4-5 years. The weight of an adult individual is 8-9 kg (at females slightly less). They resemble a lynx a little superficially, but there are in them and some lines of a Maine Coon and the Siberian breed. The Norwegian forest cat differs in very dense wool, it is called threefold as it grows kind of in several layers – at first a dense underfur together with the main wool, then along the ridge and on a tail by long integumentary hair. They are necessary not only for appearance as they are allocated special – water-repellent – properties. The underfur to the touch reminds vatu a little, it reliably protects an animal from cold weather. It is one of important signs of breed.
the Norwegian forest cat – an elegant and beautiful animal. the Similarity to a lynx is emphasized by large ears with brushes on tips. Very beautifully the fluffy tail which is almost equal to body length looks. Wool on a muzzle of an animal also very dense, reception on a chin it such long that reminds a beard which goes down to a breast.
The color at these cats can be a miscellaneous. Standards of breed do not allow only a Siamese color. There is a combination of two flowers (for example, black and white wool, and an underfur always light), meets a tricolor less often.
At these cats of an eye almond-shaped, their color can be any, the main thing – a characteristic form and the size (they have to be big). Color of a nose has to correspond to the general color. That is, if the cat black, then and a nose has to be such.
The Norwegian forest cat is not only elegant and graceful, but also very independent and freedom-loving being. However, character at her quite sociable, representatives of this breed reach for people. They love big families and with pleasure play with children. Besides, skogketa are very tied to the house. They jealously defend borders of the possession.
Interestingly, that the kitten of this breed matures late enough not only physically, but also mentally. The individual character is built up only to five-year age. In most cases temperament at them Nordic so even in March they keep relative calm if to compare them to other representatives of cat's.
To these creations in spite of the fact that they as breed were formed in rather severe conditions, aggression is not peculiar at all. They can perfectly get on with other pets.
Skogketa love big open space, they need the movement therefore even if representatives of this breed live in apartments, they all the same need fresh air. On a scope such cats show the playful character, show dexterity and quickness, and also the hunting instinct which perfectly remained since the time of their far ancestors.
Though this breed is considered semi-long-haired, care of a fur coat of an animal can take away a lot of time from the owner. That the Norwegian forest cats kept the presentable appearance, they need to be combed regularly.
Especially carefully it needs to be done in off-season as then they quite intensively fade. On the one hand, it leads to the fact that it is necessary to remove the apartment even more often, otherwise on the owner's things it will be clear at once what representative of breed lives in the house. On the other hand, careful comb-out during this period is important for an animal, risk of dumping of wool in koltuna is strong> because, and it is already necessary to get rid of them in a veterinary office, and this procedure – not from the most pleasant. During this period wool needs to be combed daily by means of special brushes.
Bathing of animals will require opredelennyy shampoos. Sometimes in addition buy other means, same, as for any other long-haired breeds.
Though it is considered that the cat breed Norwegian forest does not differ in any insistence in food questions, it does not mean that feeding does not need to pay special attention. The diet has to be balanced also because provides to representatives of breed beautiful and dense wool.
Of course, forest cats differ in good health therefore often they can quietly eat what will be got. Quite so also their ancestors living in the wild nature arrived. Small rodents, birdies, forest grasses are here those components of a diet which could find predators. Modern skogketa can hunt too and even with pleasure will "share" with the owner the production . But it is better not to allow them to eat thus. It is necessary to pick up the balanced food which would give to this animals all useful substances necessary for them.
And it is not a so dry feed of most of which of owners for certain think. More precisely, these cats can use a dry feed, but in rather small amounts and only if in a diet there are still some vitamins and mineral substances.
It is the best of all to give to such cats boiled dishes without flavoring additives, seasonings and the combined fats. It is optional to salt too. At the correct formation of a diet of a cat and so have to receive enough salt. So, what products the pet needs to cook? First of all, this meat, and only low-fat grades – beef, a bird will approach. Then you should not forget that cats need also cereals too. It can be grits (but only not instant flakes), but some experts offer also rice. But the last can be used only if the animal has no digestion violations. It is possible for cats and it is necessary to give vegetables. It is even possible not to cook them, and just to scald boiled water. As for an offal, veterinarians assume that the animal can give them, but only qualitative. At the same time neither meat, nor an offal can be cut on too small pieces. It is necessary to give to an animal the chance to train jaws.
it is impossible for Cats fat grades of meat or dairy products as they are much worse acquired. Some owners try to include fermented milk products in a diet of the favourites, but actually it is very controversial issue. It would seem, cats love cottage cheese and sour cream, but here each animal is individual and reaction to a dish can be different. Some animals badly acquire such proteins as it is paradoxical.
And here is how to provide a pet with vitamins which in the wild nature he would find in grasses? It is the simplest to buy ready vitamin complexes (of course, after consultation with the veterinarian). It is possible to choose herbs which suit him for the pet and to grow up them in pots on a window sill. Some experts advise so to plant oats. When from it the grass sprouts, the cat will eat around it. It is not necessary to disturb it, to wait when the grass grows or will get stronger, this absolutely normal phenomenon.
Important also to provide to the pet the correct drinking mode. It is necessary to give purified water, and it is necessary to change not less than three times it in a pan in day that it constantly freshened.
The cat has to have in a bowl fresh water as the animal has to drink not less, than 3 times a day.
One of the main advantages of this breed is the good health. These cats – practically always long-livers. That is at the correct leaving and feeding no problems with them should be. It is necessary to control animal weight. They and there is so enough massivna, but also are inclined to overeating, and extra kilos to them it is perfect to anything.
And here these pets are not afraid of overcooling and drafts. The strong immunity is descended by it.
The only disease which can really constitute a certain danger, it гликогеноз 4 types (the genetic disease connected with glucose metabolism violation). There is no prevention from it. At some lines of breed there is a gene, and the posterity which is given rise from its carriers practically does not survive. But happens so that animals with such disease live up to five-months age, then there occurs strong deterioration in a state, and business all the same comes to an end with a lethal outcome.
In rare instances there are problems with kidneys. In this case all symptoms of pathology are obvious, and discard such animals that they did not give posterity. So diseases of kidneys (at least, hereditary) occur in representatives of this breed more and more seldom, and in the long term have to disappear.