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— It is necessary to stock up with patience — answered Lys. — At first sit down over there, at some distance, on a grass — here so. I will glance at you askance, and you be silent. […] But every day sit down a little bit closer …
Antawn de Saint-Exupéry "Little Prince"
How it is possible to acquire contact with a wild dog? At the very beginning of a way we will follow advice wise the Fox: to sit down at some distance, to look askance, every day to sit down closer and closer.
We have to give to a wild dog time to look narrowly at us, to sniff. You should not hurry in this case. I very much recommend to begin work on adaptation of a wild dog at distance: we come into the room, and we check at what distance the dog is not so frightened by our presence that begins to growl or be pressed in a wall. Here at this distance we also sit down on a floor (and even it is possible to lay down – the below we are to the earth, the we constitute smaller danger to a dog).
We sit down sideways, we do not look in the face, we show reconciliation signals (more fully about signals of reconciliation it is possible to learn from the book Tyurid Ryugas "Reconciliation signals" which I recommend to read to each volunteer, the curator or the owner of a dog).
The session of presence lasts not less than 20 minutes during which we can raspevno read aloud that the dog got used to our voice and its modulations. We can eat sandwiches, from time to time throwing a dog small pieces. At the beginning she will not eat them at your presence, but appetite comes during a meal.
And gradually, every day, we get closer on a step - two on a conciliatory arch to a dog. Our purpose: to begin to sit in close proximity to a lodge sideways from it, along its long part.
When the dog admitted us rather close (usually on it leaves of day to five in case we at the same time work in parallel on quantity of walls of a lodge, on predictability and a variety, that is, we perform complex work), we begin to sit, read aloud and there are sandwiches in close proximity to a dog. We begin to touch its side (and there already and Ttach of massage nearby).Before an exit from the room we leave by
to a dog search and fur (it is possible to use faux fur) toys.
From classical and simplest search toys I recommend to leave 1 – 2 boxes from under footwear filled to a half with the crumpled leaflets of toilet paper where before leaving we throw a little жменек food. Let the dog investigate a box and begins to dig in it in search of delicacies. Gradually we can complicate a task, covering boxes with covers, constructing designs from several covers which will fall and make noise in attempt of a dog to get food. It is also necessary to us, we aspire to explaining to a dog that the initiative and obstinacy lead to an award: brawl, more impudently!
Even more it is possible to complicate a task, having missed on box top fabric films in the form of a lattice – put a muzzle inside, fight against a small tension of tapes, get food.
It is possible to take a tennis ball, to drill in it an opening, to wash out from within and to fill up there forages. On the one hand, we teach a dog to insist on the actions – rolling a ball, the dog receives an award in the form of the getting enough sleep forage. On the other hand – the dog gets acquainted thus with toys.
I not really like to use in practice with wild dogs production toys for delivery of delicacies like Kong as usually they are made of material which is not really clear and pleasant to a wild dog. These are domestic dogs who are ready to play with everything that find, will chew rigid rubber or to try to drive a firm plastic toy. And I actively recommend to buy Kongi to owners of domestic dogs who are inclined to gnaw houses unseemly objects or howl alone. But the wild dog, in my opinion, needs something softer, not braking manifestation of an initiative unpleasant tactile feelings. For this reason – soft toilet paper or the plugs put vertically in a box from under footwear from toilet rolls, or well aired stoppers of wine bottles. For this reason – a tennis ball, velors on tooth, quite soft for dog jaws. Or a rug from fleece tapes in which the zhmenka of a forage is put.
our task at this stage – to provoke a dog to active actions – let studies the room and tries on tooth.
If we speak about usual, not food, toys, I recommend to leave in the room soft, plush toys, like Skinneeez skins. We remember that we want to teach a dog to play since her ability to play and interest in a game will help us with training and establishing contact subsequently. The feeling of fur includes in mouths at a dog basic instincts – to tear and bother production. If the toy also peeps at the same time as it is done by Skinneeez – excellently, it is imitation of hunting for a fluffy small animal. There are also special fur toys which can be filled with food.
At first the dichok will investigate the offered toys alone, but as soon as it understands that these toys give food, impatience from desire to reach them quickly enough will lead to the fact that the dog will begin to look for pieces in a box from footwear at your presence. It the fact that it is also necessary to us! Now we will be able to encourage and praise by voice for box pushes, for obstinacy by search of food.
We also should not forget to play with distances. At first we put a bowl with food or a box with delicacy directly about a shelter. Then gradually we delete a bowl/box further and further, provoking a dog to move, explore the room. While the dog admits us to herself, we offer a bowl or a box in close proximity to a lodge again, but already from our hands.
If the dog began to dig in a box or is from a bowl which the person holds in hand, get it together and do not iron a dog – let's it be convinced of what is from a bowl which is held by the person, not terribly. And in general … if we eat something tasty, and at this moment begins to iron us even if darling, his caress how is pleasant to us? I, honestly, would tell something not especially pleasant.
As soon as the dog began to eat from a bowl which holds in hand of people, I very much, very much recommend to stop feeding from a bowl and to pass to feeding from hands. It is quite important point in a contact operating time. The dog begins to perceive a hand of the person as the hand feeding, at the same time we can already fix some behavioural moments and begin to study the simplest tricks, such as "Eyes" (when the dog receives a piece for a look in eyes), "Nose" (the dog receives a piece for the fact that she touches a nose a palm of the person), "Dai a paw" (the dog receives a piece for the fact that she gives a paw to the person), the simplest search game which is that the dog has to find in what of two cams the piece is hidden.
It is the simplest tricks which the dog quickly offers since they come from natural behavior of a dog. And at the same time they teach a dog to interaction with the person, explain to her that the person, as a matter of fact, is her personal big dining room, it is only necessary to understand for what behavior opens distributing, and let the person do not worry because at first he is of exclusively mercantile interest to a dog. I will tell what already spoke several times about: everything is good in its season.
I will separately stop by methods of work with a wild dog. Though, I will tell honestly, in my personal practice they do not differ from methods of work with domestic dogs.
I sincerely believe that it is necessary to work with a wild dog only as soft methods, method of operantny training in which the dog is an active participant of training learns the world and tries to guess that want from her. We can prompt to her targeting (when we a hand with a piece direct a dog at right action) as for shaping which perfectly trains a dog of self-confidence and initiative the wild dog is not ready yet. But I categorically against use of aversivny methods of training. Universal practice and statistics show insolvency of these methods of work, in particular with wild dogs. And it is logical: if when imposing to you a learning of foreign language the teacher regularly shouts at you and to strike a ruler a bargain whether to you will be wanted to continue studying of language which initially was not necessary to you? On what occupation will you break, will state everything that you think, to the teacher, and will leave, having slammed the door?
Why the choice of a method in which the dog is an active participant? You remember, we more than once mentioned that the initiative walks hand in hand with confidence in itself, and both qualities help to struggle with mistrust, care and fear – those behavioural features which are shown by the majority of wild dogs.
Besides toys which we leave in the room in which there is a dog I also recommend to leave a lead – let the dog will have an opportunity to get acquainted with it before we fasten it to a breast-band.