• Dec 3, 2019
the AMERICAN AKITA (the FORMER NAME — the BIG JAPANESE DOG)

Standard of breed American Akita of FCI No. 334

ORIGIN
Japan
COUNTRY of DEVELOPMENT of BREED
of the USA
DATE OF PUBLICATION of EARLIER EXISTING STANDARD
25.10.2000
APPLICATION
Partner
FCI CLASSIFICATION
Group 5. Spitz-dogs and primitive dogs.
Section 4. Related breeds.
of
of
Without working tests.
BRIEF HISTORICAL INFORMATION: History of the initial stage of formation of breed the American Akita (the former name — the Big Japanese dog) reminds history of the Japanese Akita. Since 1603 in the district the Akita for dog fights Akita Matagi were used (dogs of the average size for hunting for bears). Since 1868 the Akita of Matagi were crossed to a Tosa Inu and mastiffs therefore the extent of breed increased, but at the same time lines of shpitseobrazny type disappeared. In 1908 dog fights were forbidden, but nevertheless the breed remained and improved, having become the Japanese breed of large dogs. As a result in 1931 nine outstanding representatives of breed were called by "Natural Monuments".

during World War II (1939 — 1945) of a dog were often used as a fur source for military clothes. By order of police all dogs, except for the German shepherds used on military service were caught and confiscated. Some fans tried to bypass this order, carrying out knittings of the dogs with German shepherds.

By the end of World War II akit quantity sharply was reduced. Besides, three distinct intra pedigree types were allocated: 1) Matag Akita 2) fighting Akita and 3) shepherd's Akita. As a result the situation in breed was very difficult and tangled.

In the recovery time of a livestock of thoroughbred akit after war, the short-term, but considerable popularity was received by a dog from the Dewa line by nickname Congo-go (Kongo-go). In an exterior akit, belonging to this line, it was traced influence both mastiffs, and German shepherds. After the end of World War II the American military brought home many representatives of the Maiden line. Thanks to the mind and ability to adapt to various conditions, these dogs won hearts of manufacturers in the USA. As a result the popularity of this line increased, and the number of her manufacturers increased.
In 1956 was created American by Klub of Akita Fans, and in October, 1972 the breed was recognized as American Kennel Klubom (the corresponding entry in the breeding book was made and dogs acquired the right of participation in exhibitions). Nevertheless, during the described period between AKK and JKK (Japanese Kennel Klub) the contract on mutual recognition of family trees therefore import and inclusion in cultivation of new Japanese lines were impossible was not signed yet. As a result of an Akita in the USA began to differ considerably from the relatives from Japan — the country where the breed arose. By 1955 in the USA there was a unique type of an Akita, and since then this type and characteristics of dogs did not change. This type differs from the Japanese markedly akit which were crossed to Matagi the Akita for restoration of initial pure breed.

GENERAL LOOK: the sturdily-build large dog, well balanced, powerful and strong addition (with considerable substance) and heavy frame. Дпя breeds the wide head in the form of an obtusangular triangle is characteristic: with a deep muzzle, rather small eyes and standing ears which are practically on one line with a back part of a neck.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:
• Height relation in withers to length of the case makes 9 to 10 at dogs and 9 to 11 at a bough.
• Depth of a breast is equal to a half of height of a dog in withers.
• The distance relation from a nose tip to stop to distance from stop to a nape makes 2:3.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT (CHARACTER): Character friendly, susceptible, with the developed self-respect, obedient and courageous.

HEAD: Massive, but it is proportional to the case, in a quiet state without wrinkles. At survey from above has the form of an obtusangular triangle.

CRANIAL DEPARTMENT:
Skull: Flat and wide between ears. The superficial depression in the ground between eyes considerably comes on a forehead
of Feet: It is well designated, but not too sharp.

FRONT DEPARTMENT:
Nose: Large and black. The insignificant and scattered depigmentation is allowed only at a white color, at the same time the black nose is preferable.
Muzzle: Wide, deep and filled.
of the Lip: Black. Not loose-hanging language pink
Jaws/teeth: The jaw which is not rounded off, and dulled, strong and powerful. Teeth are powerful, are located regularly, in a complete set the nozhnitseobrazny bite is preferable, but it is allowed by a straight line.
of an Eye: Dark brown, rather small, not convex, almost triangular shape. Eyelids are skintight, black color.
Ears: strongly stand, the heads, small concerning the sizes. If to incline an ear forward, its tip touches an upper eyelid. Ears of triangular shape, with a little rounded off ends, wide in the basis, not too low put. At survey sideways, ears are inclined to eyes forward, continuing the line of a neck.

NECK: thick and brawny, with the minimum suspension, rather short, gradually extends to shoulders. The expressed nape smoothly passes into the basis of a cranial part of the head.

CASE: Length of the case exceeds height in withers. Skin not too thin, not too skintight, but also not too free.
Back: equal (straight line)
Waist: With firm muscles
Breast: wide and deep. Edges are well curved, the developed breast.
Stomach: it is moderately tightened.

TAIL: large, well acquired, highly put, keeps zakinuty on a back or will extend along a trunk, forms three quarters of a ring, a full unary or double ring, always lies on a back or lower than the level of a back falls. If the tail is wrapped on three quarters, its tip considerably hangs down sideways. Tail basis large and powerful.
In the developed state reaches the last tail vertebra a skakatelny joint.
Wool on a tail rough, direct and dense, at the same time a tail does not get a feather form.

of the EXTREMITY:
FRONT EXTREMITIES: with powerful frame, at survey in front — straight lines.
Shoulder: strong and powerful, with a moderate inclination.
Pyasti's
: about 15 are a little inclined forward, at an angle to a vertical.

BACK EXTREMITIES: with powerful muscles, width and a kostistost are comparable to front extremities. Pribyly fingers on back konechnostsyakh are traditionally stopped.
of the Hip: Powerful, well developed, at survey are behind parallel.
Knee joints: are moderately expressed.
of the Instep: short, parallel (are not turned out neither inside, nor outside).
of the PAW: the cat's paws directed directly with the sticking-out bones and a thick crumb.

of the MOVEMENT: powerful, with moderated vymakhy and a push. Hind legs move in one plane with lobbies. The back in the movement remains strong, strong and equal.

WOOL COVER:

Wool: Double wool. The underfur dense, soft, dense, is shorter, than an integumentary hair. Integumentary вопос direct, rough/rigid, lags behind a body a little. On the head, the lower part of legs and ears wool short. Wool length on withers and grain about 5 cm, on other parts of the case is slightly longer on a tail wool the longest and plentiful.

Colour: Any color, such as red, pale-yellow, white and тд can also be skewbald or tiger. All colors chity and bright, marks are well balanced, there can be a mask or a protorank. At dogs of a continuous white color the mask is absent. At dogs of a skewbald color on a white background the large spots covering the head and more than one third of the case are evenly distributed. Color of an underfur can differ from color of an integumentary hair.

SIZE:
Growth in withers:
Dog: 66 — 71 cm (26 — 28 inches).
of the Bough: 61 — 66 cm (24 — 26 inches).

SHORTCOMINGS: Any deviation from the above-stated requirements is considered a shortcoming, and its gravity is estimated strictly in proportion to degree of its expressiveness.
• A deviation from sexual type (a dog in boughs type or a bough in kobeliny type).
• The narrow or constrained muzzle.
• The shortage of any tooth (except for 2 of RM1 and/or MZ).
• Language with blue or black spots.
• Light eyes.
• Short tail.
• The elbows twisted inside or outside.
• Any signs of "vorotik" or tows.
• Shyness or malignancy.

DEFECTS:
• Light substance.
• The facilitated frame.

the DISQUALIFYING DEFECTS:
• Completely depigmented nose. A nose with the depigmented sites
("butterfly").
• Trailing or semi-standing ears.
• Having a snack or недокус.
• The tail bent in the form of a sickle or not bent.
• A dog less than 63.5 cm (25 inches), a bough less than 58.5 cm (23 inches) in withers.

of N.B.: Dogs have to have two normal, completely fallen a small egg.
On a photo: American Akita.

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