- Aug 14, 2018
as the English toy spaniel. In 1903 the English Kennel-club united 4 separate breeds of toy spaniels under this only name.For the first time the dog of this breed was noticed by
in Europe in the 16th century. Dogs became famous thanks to their communication with the king Charles II (1630-1685) and the English royal title since the queen Mary I (1516-1558). Dogs of this breed belonged to such monarchical persons as the Queen Victoria, the grand duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna, Queen Elizabeth II in due time.
the History of origin
It is considered that toy spaniels arose in the Far East, most likely – in Japan. There is an opinion that they can have the general family tree with a Pekinese and a Japanese chin. Toy spaniels were presented to the European Royal Court.
For the first time the breed was noticed on Titian's cloths, including in the known picture "Venus Urbinskaya" where the little dog symbolizes female seducement. The earliest appearance of a toy spaniel in England was noted in a picture of the queen Mary I and the king Philip. Mary, the queen of Scots, showed love to these dogs up to Charles II's government.
In the 17th century toy spaniels began to appear in pictures of the Dutch artists, such as Caspar Netsher and Peter Paul Rubens. The Spanish artists, including Juan de Valdez Leal and Diego Velasquez, represented them too. In the Spanish works of a dog were three-colored, black-and-white or completely white.
Charles of II very much loved a toy spaniel therefore dogs bear his name now though there are no proofs that modern breeds occurred from his dogs. Attribute to the king increase in popularity of breed in the period of its board.
Toy spaniels still enjoyed popularity in Britain during government of the king Jacob II thanks to the queen Anna.
of Feature of breed spaniel King Charles (video)
In 1903 the Kennel-club tried to unite the king James, prince Charles, blenkheymsky and ruby spaniels in one breed under the name "toy spaniel". Around the name the dispute, the end to which the king Edward VII put an end erupted. He let know that he prefers the name "King Charles Spaniel". In 1904 the American Kennel-club followed this example, having united 4 breeds in one, known as the English toy spaniel.
The breed of dog a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel arose during the competition held by the American Roswell Eldridge in 1926. He offered prize fund for the person who will be able to bring the spaniel of times of the monarchy represented in Charles II's pictures.
the New breed received the name King Charles Spaniels . In 1928 several manufacturers united and created the first club of breed a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
The king Charles the spaniel is less popular, than the gentleman, both in Great Britain, and in the USA. In 2010 the gentleman was the 23rd most popular breed, according to registration data while the English toy spaniel was the 126th.
Gallery: spaniel King Charles (40 photos)
Characteristic of breed
The dog of this breed differs in big dark eyes, a short nose, the high dome-shaped head and black skin around a mouth. Length of a dog averages from 23 to 28 cm. The breed has traditionally docked tail and also the long steep ears typical for a spaniel.
4 colors of this breed Meet:
- Blenkheym. On a white body allocate red-chestnut marks.
- Black and subdead, characterized by existence is red - brown marks on a black background.
- Tricolour: black marks on wool, white with a pearl outflow.
- Ruby . the Bright red color without white spots.
The spaniel the king Charles is often taken for the gentleman. However between these two breeds there are several essential distinctions. The main thing from them is the animal size. While the gentleman weighs on average from 13 to 18 pounds (from 5.9 to 8.2 kg), King Charles weighs 8-14 pounds less (3.6-6.4 kg). Besides, their muzzles differ a little: ears of the gentleman are established above, his skull flat, and at the king Charles – dome-shaped. At last, length of a muzzle of the king Charles is shorter than a typical muzzle of the gentleman.
In Great Britain the Kennel-club places breed in one class. Within the international film logical federations of breed are placed in section of the English toy spaniels.
Temperament of an animal
A King Charles Spaniel – friendly breed. He is not a sentry dog, however can begin a bark to warn owners about approach of the stranger. This is very devoted dog in whose education it is worth showing softness and patience.
Despite good communication with children and tolerance in relation to them, the dog will not accept ill-treatment. Known as one of the quietest toy breeds, it is suitable for accommodation in the apartment.
the King Charles Spaniel tolerantly concerns other animals. But should not forget that he possesses hunting instincts which got to it from ancestors. Therefore the animal can not always be friendly. The dog is clever, is able to obey the owners and can be a therapeutic dog, that is suitable for hospitals and nursing homes.
An expressive muzzle, ingenuity and affection for the owner – the main features of these dogs. Feeling your care, the King Charles Spaniel will be truly yours.
Care of the pet
That the pet was healthy, it is necessary to look after him correctly. for this purpose enough simple actions, such, as:
- Annual vaccination at the veterinarian.
- Daily walks for 3-4 hours. Release a dog from a lead that she could gambol.
- Regularly bathe a dog, carefully look after wool. Bathing is carried out in warm water with use of special dog shampoo.
- Daily examine ears of an animal, comb his wool. It is necessary to watch a condition of claws, teeth and ears.
- You feed the pet with the balanced quality food.
of Feature of health
Crossing of small spaniels with pugs did not take place completely. The researches of breed connected with health were limited, and were not conducted in Great Britain in big scales. Nevertheless the breed was included in researches outside Great Britain, including in Orthopedic fund for animal (OFA) in the United States.
king charles spaniel has a number of diseases eyes and respiratory organs the general for dogs brakhitsefalny breeds also endocrine metabolic small breeds.> Average life expectancy makes from 10 to 12 years.
The eye problems connected with health of the pet include a cataract, cornea dystrophy, дистихиаз, and keratit entropy, a mikroftalmiya. In comparison with other breeds of King Charles Spaniel has the increased risk of a distikhiaz (existence of the additional eyelashes or hair capable to cause irritation of eyes).
Heart diseases include a disease of the mitralny valve during which the mitralny valve degrades, causing thereby a blood overflow via heart cameras back that leads to stagnant heart failure.
Being brakhitsefalny breed, the king Charles a spaniel can be sensitive to anesthesia. It occurs because brakhitsefalny dogs have additional fabric in a throat – directly behind a mouth and a cavity of a nose, known as a throat, and anesthesia relaxes muscles, emergence of problems in narrow airways of a dog thereby is possible. They can reduce ability of dogs to correctly train and increase their susceptibility to heatstroke.
Other congenital and hereditary frustration found in breed – diabetes which can be connected with a cataract, and umbilical hernia. the English club of spaniels of America recommends to correct umbilical hernias only as a last resort.
There are several signs which can cause concern. They include such problems of a skull as an open fontanel when young dogs have a soft spot in a skull aged about one year. A complication of this state are hydrocephaly, neurologic symptoms. Accrete fingers on a paw can seem a serious problem with health, however veterinarians claim that it is not a reason for concern.
How to look after breed a spaniel King Charles (video)
Myths about a spaniel
There is an opinion that Charles of II issued the special decree according to which the King Charles Spaniel has the entry visa in any establishment in Great Britain in which the rule "any dogs, except seeing eye dogs" works.
On the website of Parliament of Great Britain it is said: "Contrary to the spread rumor, in parliament there is no law in which it is said that this dog can be in any of rooms of the Westminster palace".
The press secretary of Club of nurseries told: "This law is quoted from time to time. In books it is said that the king Charles issued this decree, but our researchers did not find its existence".