- Apr 1, 2018
the Karelian laika differs in appearance from the relatives of the same name whom all got used to see. These are benevolent dogs partners with a lovely muzzle and clever eyes, the least representatives лаек which are hunting, vigorous breed.
Understanding roots of this breed, researchers found the first mention of it on pages of notes of the French traveler across Finland. Notes are dated 15-16 century, but actually the laika Karelian-Finnish in the very ancient time appeared and, most likely, ancestors of these dogs hunted with our ancestors. During the entire periods the breed constantly mixed up with others and was periodically lost, reviving again. In Russia the red laika as independent breed took roots only at the end of the 20th century after scientists, having become interested in a beautiful dog, began to couple individuals with each other and to receive not less beautiful, tiny posterity.
the name the Finnish spitz-dog gained a foothold In our country behind likes of red color . In each house of northern fishermen and hunters there lived puppies of the Karelian-Finnish laika. To people it was uninteresting to share the good working dog with the whole world and to give such assistants to competitors therefore they bred animals separately and only for themselves. Thus, on each yard the breed of dog was formed. Yes, all of them were likes, but the clearness of breed of the Finnish spitz-dog was erased.
The sheep-dog is property of the German people, and our country can take pride and respect for the Karelian dog.
of Feature of cultivation of the Karelian laika (video)
Standards of breed
A constitution at this breed square, slightly extended, completely proportional and tiny. Unlike other layek, Karelians differ in the fragile, at first sight, constitution. Body weight at females does not exceed 12 kg, and at dogs – 14 kg. Height in withers at a bough fluctuates in the range from 38 cm to 46 cm, at dogs – from 42 to 50 cm
A skull wide with a proportional muzzle. Unlike the dry structure of a body, the neck at лаек is very developed and looks more powerful, than all frame. The ears which are sticking out, high, in the form of a triangle. Dogs, as well as all hunting types, have no excess skin that production could not be hooked for it by teeth. The long and fluffy tail in an active state is always twisted in a ringlet and adjoins to a back.
The Finnish spitz-dog differs in smoothness of gait, quiet movements.
Wool dense and fluffy, more rigid cover is observed on a back at withers. There is a yarkovyrazhenny fur underfur, it differs in color from the main wool, as a rule, is several tones lighter. On the head, a muzzle and paws wool short, adjacent to a body.
On a color there are only 2 registered look: golden-brown color and red and red shade. Trousers, a tail from the back party, the internal surface of a stomach and ears has tone is lighter.
Shortcomings which do not conform to the standard and disqualify a dog:
- wool kudryavitsya a little;
- the direct or broken tail;
- corporal color of a nose;
- the lowered tips of ears;
- white spots in a color.
The Finnish spitz-dog the pet is certain, he has pronounced attachment to the dwelling and the owner. This mobile and active animal who seldom sits in place. The Karelian does not transfer hunting aggression and excitability to the owner, in the bosom of the family she cheerful and good-natured, easily gets on with other relatives and children.
This dog is "a working horse" , she can give all the best at full capacity several hours in a row. The Finnish spitz-dog has inquisitive mind and attentiveness in relation to the owner, he well feels intonations of a voice and always knows beforehand what the person is going to make.
Besides excellent qualities of the hunter, dogs perfectly cope with sentry work. The Karelian well proved as the security guard of the house. These animals are very clean and a little fastidious.
However the dwarfish laika differs in willfulness and independence. At small age the puppy does not understand teams because does not consider the person the patron and the leader in their relations. In process of growing independence only takes roots in character of a dog, this line irritates many fans of dogs. Unfortunately, such willfulness is put in animals genetically, dogs of this breed had to survive in a heavy environment and to get food for people. For accommodation she needed to make decisions, right for herself independently.
The Finnish spitz-dog is not an obedient sheep-dog who is ready to creep at the owner's legs, but she will never betray and will not escape from the house. The dog accurately knows where her family and whom it has to protect.
Treats strangers cautiously and suspicion. The Karelian-Finnish laika is created to live at active people. This breed will not suit fans of quiet and measured life.
of the Recommendation about training
Considering independence of character of a dog, the roughness and physical force in training are unacceptable: the dog can take offense any more never will begin to trust you. The mood of an animal always gives a tail when the laika feels well physically and emotionally, it is always built in a hook. Otherwise it will be straightened, and this situation indicates offense, a disease or fatigue of a dog.
Independence of an animal of the decision of the person does not do this breed wild and uncontrollable, just in the majority of situations it will be guided by own decision, but not by the order of the owner. Considering excitability and mobility of a dog, the plan of training has to be under construction at the game in which emphasis on skills of an animal will be put. For training of such independent breeds it is necessary to get enough patience and understanding that only over time it will turn out to tame the Karelian. The puppy (both a laika, and a sheep-dog) will be a little more compliant to communicate with the owner as will begin to feel the helplessness. In communication with animal main tools have to be love and patience.
If the owner decided to go in easier way and to employ to the dog the professional cynologist, then you should not write down the Finnish spitz-dog on group trainings: there for it there are a lot of external irritants by which he will be distracted by all means.
Coaching on hunting takes place quickly and easily as at лаек it in blood and all instincts are written down in a brain at the genetic level. Training in hunting skills needs to be begun from 7-10 months is the most active period of growing not only physically, but also psychologically.
Maintenance and leaving
It is possible to contain the Karelian laika in the apartment since it is not a large-size sheep-dog, but a compact brisk doggie. Owners of the houses can keep a dog on the street in the open-air cage, it allows its dense wool and a warm underfur. In the winter after all it is necessary to let a dog home to avoid a frostbite. Puppies have to grow in the house, near the owner and in warm conditions.
It is necessary to take in attention the fact that a laika, as well as the sheep-dog, is very active and mobile therefore she should be brought to long walks, it is better if it is more often than two times a day. On the street play with the Karelian more outdoor games, she can leave a ball or the UFO.
Despite a plentiful woolen cover, it is easy to look after it. Rather carefully to comb wool once a week, during a molt it needs to be done to a thicket.
it is Periodically necessary to clean ears and to cut claws kogterezky for average breeds . It is regular to examine eyes on detection of inflammatory processes. After long walks and washing of paws it is necessary to examine attentively fingertips on existence of cracks and damages.
It is impossible to bathe a dog often as the natural layer of protection of skin is washed away and skin diseases can develop. 3 times a year are enough for washing with special means. If the dog periodically participates in exhibitions, it is possible to add one or two procedures to the usual schedule.
The main attention needs to be paid to the good and balanced nutrition. On it the basis of appearance and health of a laika lies. Dogs are not inclined to allergic reactions therefore they can be fed with specialized or natural food. Seasonally certain minerals and vitamins have to enter a diet.
Types лаек (video)
it is important to remember and in time to carry out planned vaccination and processing from ticks and fleas, especially to the dogs living in open-air cages. It is necessary to process from pincers already at a temperature of 0 °C and to the first frosts. Exists several types of processing:
- drops on withers.
From all listed types the most useless is sprays, they quickly disappear, and besides the dog can get poisoned, being licked. The tablet combination will be the most optimum (usually it works 3 months) with a collar (it is calculated for 6 months socks). The collar frightens off parasites, and a tablet, having dissolved in blood, does not allow them to be attached to a body and to postpone larvae in wool.
At first the tablet is given. The dose pays off proceeding from the weight of a dog, usually whole capsule cannot be divided, otherwise there will be no effect, and in two or three weeks the collar is put on. He has to live off freely, under him has to creep 2 fingers freely. It is impossible to remove adaptation for the night, otherwise it will not work.
The average value of life at the Karelian-Finnish layek reaches 12 years. At the good address, care and leaving of a dog live up to 15-17 years. Hereditary and thoroughbred pathologies are not available for these dogs, but there is a tendency to obesity therefore it is necessary to approach a question of food carefully and more often to walk a dog.