- Dec 18, 2019
- Jan 13, 2020
the Estonian hound – hunting breed of dog. Her representatives have rather developed intelligence, excellent intuition, courage and are great assistants to the person during hunting. These dogs are only brought to territories of Estonia.
The hound possesses the low growth which is a little dragged out by a trunk and a strong constitution, and is externally similar to a beagle and a foxhound. Dogs in growth can reach about 50 cm, and females – 48 cm, in weight – about 20-23 kg.
The dog can have a cheprachny, crimson and skewbald or black and skewbald color. Representatives of breed possess smooth brilliant wool with an undeveloped underfur. A body at dogs rather brawny, a thorax wide, and the head of rounded shape. The muzzle extended in a profile reminds a rectangle. Ears are trailing, densely adjoin to the head, eyes are put a little slantwise, have a deep brown shade. The nose has black color, a tail rather thick, in the form of a saber.
The Estonian hound in the description is similar to a beagle, but representatives of these breeds have a number of obvious differences: the beagle is much stockier, the muzzle is wider than him, unlike the Estonian hound. Hound constitution more distinguished and graceful. The beagle is an immediate ancestor of a hound.
As this breed of dog appeared rather recently, the history of its origin is for certain known. For the first time puppies of the Estonian hound appeared in the XX century in Estonia which at that time still was a part of the USSR. After the end of World War II by the government of the USSR the decision was made that each republic which is a part of the Soviet Union has to have unique breed of dogs. The reasons which moved the authorities on such decision are unknown. Nevertheless in all republics selectors undertook removal of new breeds of dog on the basis of already available. In Estonia of the separate type did not exist as several years ago hunting dogs including the borzoi, began to disappear because of the ban on use in hunting of the dogs exceeding 45 cm in withers.
Initially selectors tried to work with local hunting dogs, but soon understood that the desirable result will not be achieved and the supply of a new thoroughbred dog is inevitable. To Estonia several thoroughbred dogs from the whole Europe whose considerable part was made by dachshunds and beagles were delivered. These dogs had necessary growth and also were excellent hunters. Manufacturers used also the Swiss laufkhund which, besides hunting skills, had good adaptability to low temperatures. These 3 breeds of dog also helped with removal of the Estonian hound.
In the fifties in Moscow the breed the Estonian hound was officially approved. Dogs of new breed had the vigor, excellent sense of smell, endurance which are well developed by hunting skills and friendly character. On the homeland these dogs quickly won love of manufacturers and popularity among fans of dogs. Hounds perfectly transferred local climate, than dogs of other breeds could not brag, and their small growth allowed to contain the Estonian hound in ordinary houses.
After disintegration of the Soviet Union dogs of this breed became the most popular and widespread in Estonia at all. But in other countries the breed was a little known. The insignificant quantity of dogs was delivered in nursery of Russia, Latvia and Lithuania, but the main quantity and remained on the historical homeland.
Today, unlike many hunting dogs, the Estonian hound is still applied on hunting. A large number of dogs contains only for rutting of a game, but some part nevertheless is used as partners.
As representatives of this breed generally live in the territory of Estonia, before acquisition of a dog in Russia it is necessary to study all documents and a dog family tree not to run into swindlers. It is the best of all to go to specialized nursery where it is possible to buy a dog of this breed.
As this breed is first of all hunting, to describe its character rather difficult. Besides most of manufacturers prefer to use it not on hunting recently and as partner and devoted four-footed companion. The Estonian hound has friendly and lovely character and quickly enough becomes attached to the owner and other family members. Dogs with pleasure play with small children and allow them to do with themselves anything.
Aggressive and spiteful dogs are excluded by manufacturers from cultivation, as such lines are not characteristic of the Estonian hounds. They quite loyally concern strangers, but, unlike other hounds, remain intense. It is desirable to begin process of socialization as soon as possible as the dog can be afraid of strangers in the future.
The Estonian hounds are rather often used in welded hunting and therefore manifestation of aggression to other individuals is inadmissible for representatives of this breed. Such dogs are also excluded from cultivation. The Estonian hounds concern to other dogs friendly and loyally and easily get on with them in one house.
The Estonian hounds are not aggressive to strangers and other dogs, but do not get on with pets. Small pets awaken the hunter's instinct in a dog. The dog can only get on with a cat provided that it was brought up with her in one house from puppyish age, and that not always.
Training of the Estonian hound can bring a lot of trouble. Their obstinacy prevents to acquire complex teams and to submit to the owner. But representatives of this breed acquire a basic course of training with ease. For more sophisticated teams the owner should find for process of much free time, to stock up with patience and persistence. But, unlike beagles, the Estonian hounds nevertheless are more appeasable and approximate.
Reaction to team will become the main complexity in the course of training not only the Estonian, but also any other hound. Pursuing a game, the dog goes on a smell and at all forgets about external irritants owing to what she simply ignores the teams of the owner. Such quality is useful on hunting, but not on usual walk in the fresh air in any way. It is desirable not to lower the Estonian hound from a lead as it can escape rather far and be lost.
Hardy individuals can pursue for hours a game, passing on its trace. If the Estonian hound contains in the small-sized apartment, then this factor needs to be considered and provided to a dog regular physical activities. The pet needs at least daily walk within 1.5 hours. In case not to provide to a dog release of the collected energy, it will begin to destroy property of the owner.
The Estonian hounds are inclined to bark rather loudly in comparison with other breeds. This problem, considerable for many owners, can be solved with the training help, but to completely disaccustom a dog it will not be possible to bark.
Representatives of this breed are undemanding in leaving and are suitable for contents in the apartment. Besides the Estonian hounds have no tendency to a molt, their wool gryaznitsya seldom.
It is possible to support a dog and in a country house, in the open-air cage, but only in the spring and in the summer as the dog will not endure severe winter frosts on the street. High temperatures transfer the Estonian hounds much easier, but during a strong heat it is better to take away dogs in a shadow.
As for food, and here representatives of breed are unpretentious. can Feed them with production sterns or natural food. When choosing a forage needs to enrich a diet of the four-footed favourite with crude meat (it is desirable veal or a bird), fish, vegetables and fruit. It is occasionally possible to feed up a dog fermented milk products, cereals and eggs. At the same time the portion of the dog used only for hunting has to be more and is more nutritious.
Wool will enough clean with a special brush of 1 times in 4 weeks before washing. Claws need to be cut off only as necessary. Trailing ears of a pet need regular survey on existence of pollution which can be removed by means of the Q-tip which is previously moistened in special lotion.
Life expectancy of dogs averages about 10 years. Representatives of this breed can brag of excellent health, but all of them are inclined to certain diseases, such as:
Hounds which constantly hunt together with the owner in the forest it is necessary to preserve against the ticks who are carriers of a piroplasmosis. Every year routine inspections at the veterinarian and an inoculation are necessary.