• Apr 1, 2017


FCI Standard of breed dachshund No. 148 (13.07.2001)

ORIGIN Germany
APPLICATION the Hunting dog for work in a hole and on the Earth's surface.
With tests of working qualities

BRIEF HISTORICAL INFORMATION: the Dachshund (Dachshund, Dackel, or Teckel) is known since the Middle Ages. Among hounds the dogs especially suitable for hunting underground constantly appeared. From these short-legged individuals there was a dachshund recognized as one of the most universal and with success of the applied breeds of hunting dogs. It also excellently works at the Earth's surface, driving with voice, trying to discover and tracking down wounded birds. The oldest club which is engaged in cultivation of dachshunds is created by "Deutsche Teckelklub" e.V. in 1888. Decades the dachshund got divorced in three sizes (a dachshund, a tiny rate and a rabbit rate) and three versions on wool (sleek-haired, wire-haired and long-haired).

Dachshund Red Sleek-haired Photo On a photo: rate

GENERAL VIEW: Stocky, short-legged, extended, but the compact building, very brawny, with impudent, defiant landing of the head and attentive expression. The sexual dimorphism is well expressed. Despite the legs, short rather long trunk, it is very mobile and plastic.

IMPORTANT RATIOS: the Lower point of a breast is over ground level at distance about 1/3 from height in withers, the slanting length of a trunk has to be in a harmonious ratio with height in withers, about 1.7 — 1.8 to 1.

BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: At heart friendly, not nervous, not aggressive, with balanced temperament. A passionate, viscous and tireless hunting dog with excellent intuition.

HEAD: Extended at a look from above and in a profile. Not pointed which is evenly narrowed to a nose lobe, however. Nadbrovny arches are accurately expressed. Nasal cartilage and back of a nose long and narrow.

CRANIUM: the Skull quite flat, gradually passing into slightly convex back of a nose.

Transition from a forehead to a muzzle: Only it is designated.

FRONT PART: Nose lobe: It is well developed.

MUZZLE: Long, rather massive. Is able to reveal widely, to the level of eyes.

LIPS: Skintight, well covering the lower jaw.

JAWS AND TEETH: Well developed upper and lower jaws. The Nozhnitseobrazny bite, uniform and with a steady smykaniye. Ideally, a complete set from 42 teeth according to requirements for a dog mouth, with the healthy canines which are precisely adjusted to each other.

EYES: The average size, oval, are widely put, with obviously vigorous, but friendly look, not shrill. Brilliant, dark reddish-brown to blackish-brown at all colors of a shirt. Partially or completely blue, whitish (fish or pearl) eyes at marble rates are not desirable, but can be tolerant.

EARS: Are put highly, not too far forward. Rather long, but not exaggeratedly. Roundish, not narrow, not pointed and not folded. Mobile, front edges adjoin to cheekbones.

NECK : Rather long, brawny, keeps highly, flexible. Skintight skin on a throat. Slightly convex nape.

BLOCK: Line of top: From a neck harmoniously merges with slightly inclined croup.

WITHERS: It is brightly expressed.

The BACK (from withers to jobbers): The line of top behind high withers extends from chest vertebras directly or slightly falls. Strong and brawny.

WAIST: Very brawny. Rather long.

CROUP: Wide and rather long. Slightly inclined.

BREAST: The breast is well developed and acts in such a way that on each side from it insignificant hollows are shown. At a look in front a thorax oval. At a look from above and sideways it spacious, providing a lot of place for placement of heart and lungs. Edges are taken well away back. With the correct length of a shovel and humeral bone and the corresponding coal between them the front leg at survey sideways closes the lowermost point of a breast.

STOMACH: It is picked slightly up.

TAIL: It is put not too highly, keeps throughout the line of top. The Sablevidnost is allowed.



General view: Extremities are very brawny, with the expressed corners of joints. At a look in front the dry front legs standing directly with very strong frame of a paw are directed directly forward.

Shoulders: Elastic muscles. The long inclined shovels skintight to a breast.

Humeral bones: On length are equal to shovels with which form a corner almost in 90 °. With strong frame and brawny, densely adjoin to edges, but move without hindrances.

Lokotki: Are directed strictly back.

Forearms: Short, however such length that the distance from a trunk of a dog to the earth made about 1/3 from height in withers. Straight lines, as far as possible.

Wrists: Are located a little closer, than a shoulder - scapular joints.

Pyasti: At a look sideways should not be neither steep, nor obviously inclined.

Forepaws: Fingers in a lump, well svodisty, with healthy, strong, chubby small pillows and short strong claws. The fifth finger has no functional value, but should not be removed.


General view: Extremities are very brawny, in a proper correlation to a front part. Corners of knee and skakatelny joints are expressed. Hind legs are in parallel put, neither is narrow, nor is wide.

Hips: Have to be good length and brawny.

Knee joints: Massive and strong, with well expressed corners.

Shins: Short, form with hips a corner almost in 90 °. Brawny.

Skakatelny joints: Dry, with strong sinews.

Insteps: Rather long, mobile in relation to shins. Slightly inclined.

Hinder legs: Four fingers in a lump, well svodisty. Standing strong on healthy small pillows.

MOVEMENTS: Movements have to be spacious, smooth and vigorous, with a wide step of the front legs which are not too rising up, and the strong push of back extremities has to make easy elastic transfer to the back line. The tail has to keep in harmonious continuation of the line of a back, slightly lowered. Front and hind legs move in parallel.

SKIN: Skintight.



WOOL: Short, dense, brilliant, smoothly adjacent, dense and rigid. Anywhere trace of high temples.

Tail: Graceful, completely, but not really plentifully dressed. A little longer protecting wool on a bottom side of a tail is not a shortcoming.


a) One-color: red, reddish-yellow, pale-yellow, with or without impurity of black hair. The clean color is preferable, and red is more valuable, than reddish-yellow or pale-yellow. Even dogs reckon with considerable impurity of black hair as one-color, not in category of other colors. White color is not desirable, but single small marks do not disqualify a dog. The lobe of a nose and claws black reddish-brown are allowed too, but are not desirable.

b) Two-color: Dark, black or brown, everyone with reddish-brown or pale-yellow burn marks ("Brand") over eyes, on each side muzzles and on lower lips, on inside of an ear cloth, on a front part of a breast, on internal and back sides of legs, also on paws, around an anus, extending from it approximately to one third or a half of the lower part of a tail. A lobe of a nose and claws black at black dogs, brown at brown dogs. White color is not desirable, but single small marks do not disqualify a dog. Burn marks, too widespread, are not desirable.

c) Marble and tiger: At marble primary color always dark (black, red or gray). Chaotic gray or beige spots are desirable (large spots are not desirable). Neither dark, nor light color should not prevail. A color of a tiger rate red or pale-yellow with dark tigrovina. A lobe of a nose and claws same, as at one-color and two-color individuals.


WOOL: Except for a muzzle, eyebrows and ears, absolutely equally skintight, dense provolokoobrazny wool with an underfur. On a muzzle accurately expressed beard. Bushy eyebrows. On ears wool is shorter, than on the case, almost smooth.

Tail: Properly it is also evenly covered with skintight wool.

COLOUR: The boar color (wolf or murugy) from light to dark and also color of dry leaves prevails. Or the same colors that are described at a sleek-haired version under a) - c).


WOOL: The smoothed brilliant wool with an underfur, skintight on the case, is longer on a throat and the lower part of the case. On ears wool has to stretch for bottom edge of ears, forming a fringe. The expressed tows on back side of legs. Reaches the greatest length on a bottom side of a tail where forms the real flag.

COLOUR: As it is described at sleek-haired dachshunds in a) — c).

long-haired dachshund


Dachshund: Chest is 35 cm. Top limit of weight about 9 kg.

Tiny rate: The chest from 30 to 35 cm measured in age not less than 15 months.

Rabbit rate: The chest up to 30 cm measured in age not less than 15 months.

The weight of a standard rate approximately up to 9 kg.

Dachshunds Are

DEFECTS: Any deviation from the above-stated points has to be considered as a shortcoming or defect depending on expressiveness degree.

— The m3 (the third painter) is not considered when refereeing. The absence 2 P1 (the first premolyar) is not punished. The lack of P2 (the second premolyar) should be considered a shortcoming even if other teeth on the place (apart from M3). Also the deviation from the correct smykaniye at a nozhnitseobrazny bite is a shortcoming.

DEFECTS (serious shortcomings):

— The sickly body which is hitched up standing or hanging down to the earth.

— Lack of other teeth which are not specified in the sections "shortcomings" or "disqualifying defects".

— In whole or in part blue eyes at any color, except marble.

— The pointed, very folded ears.

— The block hanging between shoulders.

— The sagged back, a humpbacked back.

— Weak waist.

— The Vysokozadost (the croup is higher than withers).

— The breast is too sickly.

— Groin: borzoobrazny blasting.

— Bad corners of front and back extremities.

— Narrow back part, lack of muscles.

— Korovina, barrel-shaped posts.

— The paws which are obviously turned inside or outside.

— The dismissed paws.

— Movements are heavy, clumsy, a vperevalka.



— Wool too thin or rare. High temples on ears, other high temples.

— Wool too rough and too plentiful.

— Fox tail.

— A tail, partially or completely deprived by wool.

— A black color without any burn mark ("Brand").


— Soft shirt, long or short.

— The long wool remote from a trunk in all directions.

— Curly or wavy wool.

— Soft wool on the head.

— The expressed suspension on a tail.

— Insufficiently developed beard.

— Insufficiently developed underfur.

— Short wool.


— Wool of equal length on all trunk.

— Wavy or shaggy wool.

— Insufficiently developed suspension on a tail.

— Insufficiently developed tows on ears.

— Short wool.

— The expressed hair parting on a back.

— Wool too long between fingers.


— Very nervous or aggressive temper.

— Nedokus or having a snack, jaw distortion.

— Wrong provision of the lower canines.

— Lack of one or several canines lack of one or several cutters.

— Lack of other premolyar or painters.

Exception: the two first a premolyar, one second премоляр without the third painter — see in the section "Defects".

— Breast: the breast does not act.

— Any defect of a tail.

— Very stirred up shoulders.

— Kozinets.

— A black color without burn marks a white color with burn marks or without them.

— The other colors which are not listed in the section "Colour".

NOTE: Dogs have to have two obviously normal testicles which are completely lowered in a scrotum.


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