- Dec 5, 2019
the FCI Standard of breed the English bulldog No. 149 OF 24.03.2004
Section 2.1. Molossoidny breeds. Mastifoida
Without working tests
General impression : short-haired, dense addition, quite thickset dog, wide, powerful and compact.
Head: very large in relation to the sizes of a dog, but by no means not so to break the general symmetry that the dog looked deformed or to affect quality of movements. Front part short, muzzle wide, stupid and curved up. Dogs at whom trouble breathing are noticeable are extremely undesirable.
Trunk: short, strong, but without tendency to obesity.
Extremities: strong, brawny, strong. A back part high and strong, but is slightly easier in comparison with a heavy front part. Boughs less powerful and representative than dogs.
Behavior/temperament : makes an impression of determination, force and activity. Alerted, attentive, courageous, self-confident, devoted, reliable, brave, on an external impression — furious, but by the nature loving and gentle.
Head : at survey sideways looks high, deep and short from an occipital hillock to a nose tip. The forehead is flat, the skin on it and around the head forms accurate folds, not too acts and does not hang down over a muzzle. Frontal bones in a projection relief convex, wide, square and high. The wide and deep furrow is traced from stop to skull top. A front part from above to a nose short, skin pleated. The distance from an internal corner of an eye (or from the center of stop between eyes) to a tip of a nose does not exceed length from a nose tip to a corner of a lower lip.
Cranial part :
Skull : big in a circle. At a look in front very high from a corner of the lower jaw to the top part of a skull. Also very wide and square.
Stop : deep, with broad dredging (deepening) between eyes.
Front part : At a look in front of its components have to be similarly balanced, i.e. are symmetric concerning the imagined central line.
Nose : a lobe of a nose and a nostril large, wide, black, without any traces of hepatic, red or brown color, it is deeply drowned between an eye.
Nostrils are large, wide and open, with well noticeable vertical groove between them.
Muzzle : short, wide, curved up and very deep from an eye corner to a mouth corner. The nasal fold should not influence the line of a profile.Photo: motto.net.ua
of Bryli : lips are thick, wide, loose-hanging and very deep, hanging down, completely close jaws from sides, but not in front where reach edge of a lower lip and only cover teeth.
Jaws/teeth : jaws are wide, massive and square, the lower jaw is given top forward and is bent up. Jaws with 6 cutters in an equal line between canines. Canines are widely placed. Teeth large and powerful, at the closed mouth are not visible. At a look in front the lower jaw is located directly under top and is parallel to it.
Eyes : at a look are in front located low on a skull, at good distance from ears. Eyes and stop are on one straight line, at right angle to a furrow. Are widely placed, but their external corners are in the external line of cheeks. Roundish in a form, the average size, not sunk down, but also not convex, on color very dark — almost black — and at survey in front without visible proteins. Are free from visible eye problems.
Ears : are highly put — i.e. the first line of each ear (at a look in front) concerns the external line of a skull in its top corner, thus, they are placed as it is possible more widely as it is possible above and as it is possible further from eyes. Small and thin. Their correct form — "rose", i.e. trailing and turned back to a back, the upper or first line is bent outside and back, doing visible a part of a so-called "back of language".
Neck : average length, very thick, deep and strong. It is rounded well off in the top line, with a significant amount of excess skin in thick folds under a throat, forming from each party a suspension from the lower jaw to a breast.Photo: pets-expert.ru
Case : Line of top: slightly falls behind withers (the most lower part) at once, then has to rise to a waist (one level higher than height in withers), then with a curve falls to a tail, forming an arch by a sail — characteristic difference of breed.
Back : the back is short, powerful, wide in shoulders and rather narrower in a waist.
Breast : a broad chest, from sides roundish, convex and deep. The thorax is volume, round and very deep from withers to the most lower part where connects to a breast. It is lowered low between front extremities. Big in the diameter, round behind front extremities (not flat in a form, edges are well bent).
Stomach : it is tightened, not loose-hanging.
Tail : it is low put, the basis has enough straight line, and then bent down. Round, smooth without fringe or rigid wool. Average length — rather short, than long — thick at the basis, by the end quickly narrowed. It is directed down (without the curvature directed up on the end), never rises over a back.
Belt of front extremities: extremities strong and strong, are well developed, in a wide postav, thick, brawny and direct, in appearance their external line is quite bent, but bones of extremities large and direct, not curve and not curved, in relation to back — short, but not so that the back seemed long or to reduce or damage activities of a dog.
Shoulders : shoulders are wide, the sloping inclined and deep, very powerful and brawny, making an impression massivenesses.
Elbows : elbows are low located and will be spaced from edges.
Pyasti : pyast are short, direct, powerful.
Belt of back extremities : extremities large and brawny, in a proportion are longer than lobbies at the expense of what the waist is raised. Extremities long and brawny from a waist to a skakatelny joint, their lower part kotorky, direct, powerful.
Knees : knees round are also slightly developed from the case aside.
Insteps : skakatelny joints have to be pulled slightly together, and hinder legs are developed outside. Skakatelny joints are slightly bent with moderately expressed corners, low located.
Lobbies are straight lines and are slightly developed outside of the average size, moderately roundish.
Back — round and compact.
Fingers are compact, thick, svodisty, as a result of their joints highly are given, are raised.
Movements : specifically gait short, fast paces on finger-tips, hinder legs highly do not rise and slightly shuffle, the movement from a shoulder to a shoulder a vraskachka independently and vigorously. Fortress and quality of movements in extreme degree are important.
Wool cover :
Wool : gentle texture, short, skintight, smooth (it is especially strict — short and skintight, not wavy).
Color : monophonic or "distempers" (i.e. monophonic with a black mask on a muzzle). Only a continuous color (which has to be bright and clean), namely tiger, red various shades, pale-yellow, cervine, etc. and also white and spotty (i.e. a combination white with any of above-mentioned colors). Black and black and subdead colors are extremely undesirable Dudley.
Dogs: 25 kg.
Boughs: 23 kg.
Shortcomings (defects) : any deviation from the above has to be considered as a shortcoming, and its size in accuracy depends on degree of a deviation and its influence on health and activity of a dog.
It is expected that judges will precisely follow this standard, in view of the following defects:
Defects : The nasal fold too hangs down or partially blocks a nose
The disqualifying defects :
— aggression or excessive shyness
— dogs at whom disorders of breath are noticeable
— the grown tail.
Any dog showing anomalies of mentality or behavior has to be disqualified.
N.B. : dogs have to have two obvious, normally developed a testicle, completely lowered in a scrotum.