• Feb 14, 2020

Feeding – very wide subject around which there is a set of myths. How it is correct to feed щ of Inca? What does feeding of a puppy differ from feeding of an adult dog in?

 Puppies of a golden retriever eat a dry feed of a photo

Photo: pixabay

Needs of a puppy for energy

The highest needs for energy – at a puppy during growth, the puppy grows very intensively, and it needs many nutritious and mineral substances. It needs to be considered when feeding a puppy.

In the first days after depriving the body weight of a puppy is small, and growth of intensive, and 50% of energy is spent for activity maintenance, and 50% — for growth.

When 80% of body weight are reached, 8 – 10% of energy are spent for growth.

In certain age there comes the moment when the consumed energy does not increase any more. For example, at German shepherds (approximate weight at adult age of 35 kg) this moment can come in 4 months. But consider that here everything is individual, and German shepherds differ among themselves.

to Puppies from depriving to 50% of adult weight is necessary for 25 kcal on 100 g of body weight. And when the puppy gains 80% of body weight, the needs for energy approach needs of an adult dog. But consider that any formulas are an average indicator.

Smaller content of energy is recommended to puppies of large and huge breeds – if there is a predisposition to violations of development of the musculoskeletal device, the low-calorie forage can be used from the moment of a feeding up. The high-calorie diet can force growth, make it too fast, and it is dangerous.

Prevention of excess weight has to begin with the depriving moment. At normal feeding the puppy will surely gain that weight on which it "is genetically programmed". But it is better if it occurs later, without speeding up.

Protein in feeding of a puppy

The highest needs for a protein at a puppy after depriving.

Usually these requirements are compensated as the bigger quantity of a forage is eaten (in proportion).

The majority of ready-made feeds contain enough protein – at least 22% of a crude protein at 80% of digestibility are necessary. It is a minimum by which it is possible to be guided.

the Hypothesis that the high content of protein harms the musculoskeletal device of a puppy was not confirmed.

High content of a protein does not constitute danger to formation of a puppy. So there is no need to limit a protein for puppies at any stage of growth.

But if the puppy is fed, for example, with one meat, and rather high-calorie, and it is not complemented with mineral substances, in particular, calcium, it can cause violations of formation of the musculoskeletal device.

Fat in feeding of a puppy

Separate fatty acids are normalized in feeding of a puppy.

Fat is a main source of energy. Its contents in a stern has to be not less than 5 - 10%. At content less than 10% it is necessary to select a source with the high content of irreplaceable linoleic acid (vegetable oils, except for olive) and the Omega-3 (cod-liver oil).

Calcium and phosphorus in feeding of a puppy

Puppies need big, but not excess amount of calcium and phosphorus:

  • For large breeds: 0.7 - 1.2% of calcium (contents in a stern).
  • For small breeds: 0.7 - 1.7% of calcium (contents in a stern).
  • 0.35% of phosphorus (contents in a stern).

At adult dogs digestion of calcium depends on requirements, is regulated.

The excess amount of calcium and phosphorus is also dangerous, as well as shortage as at puppies of 2 - 6 months digestion of calcium is not regulated. Digestion of calcium by 10 months, but to this age of violation of growth is stabilized if the dog was predisposed to them, it is already available. Excess presence of calcium is dangerous that at puppies violations in development of the musculoskeletal device, and besides when normal absorption of calcium is stabilized begin, against the background of the excess content of calcium absorption will be suppressed, and thus prerequisites of the fact that at an adult dog calcium will not be acquired in necessary quantity are created.

Considering all this, it is simpler and more convenient to adhere to norms when feeding a puppy, than to go beyond their framework.

 Puppies eat a huge piece of meat of a photo

Photo: wikimedia

Carbohydrates in feeding of a puppy

Carbohydrates are actually not necessary to a healthy dog so here norms do not exist. But carbohydrates are an alternative energy source, besides, without them the production technology of dry feeds so all of them are used is impossible. Content is about 20% of carbohydrates in puppy food up to 4 months enough.

In house diets when feeding a puppy can do without carbohydrates. If the dog has no diseases which impose restrictions for use of proteins and if quality proteins also rather well are digested and the dog has no diarrhea, carbohydrates are not necessary.

When feeding the high-protein fat forage with the low content of carbohydrates at puppies formed more fatty tissues.

Needs of a puppy for zinc

In the first months of life of a puppy of need for zinc are high. They need to be provided on norms.

Remember that high amounts of calcium and phosphorus interfere with digestion of zinc.

Needs of a puppy for copper

Need of a puppy for copper has to be provided according to norms.

The Trudnousvoyaemy form – copper oxide which is used in some sterns. But it is not a source of copper, and dye so it is impossible to take its existence into consideration.

The lack of copper can cause loss of a pigment – graying of dark wool.

In extreme cases the extended fingers (the placed statement of fingers) and anemia are formed.

Norma in puppy food


Contents in a stern (SV)

the Weight of an adult dog is less than 25 kg

the Weight of an adult dog is more than 25 kg

Energy of kcal of OE/g

3.5 - 4.5

3.2 - 3.8

Energy of kJ of OE/g

14.6 - 18.8

13.6 - 15.7

Crude protein of %

22 - 32

20 - 32

Crude fat of %

10 - 25

8 - 12

% Calcium

0.7 - 1.7

0.7 - 1.2

% Phosphorus

0.6 - 1.3

0.6 - 1.1

of Ca/P

1:1 – 1.8:1

1:1 – 1.5:1

Weight control when feeding of the growing puppy

Small and average breeds (up to 25 kg) reach 50% of weight by 4 months. Large breeds (over 25 kg) – in 5 months.

It is possible to find schedules of growth in the Internet, to enter breed of the puppy, age and weight and to look as far as growth of your pet meets standards. But consider that information there very approximate as all these schedules are in an experimental phase and can differ considerably from each other.

When calculating average set of weight of a puppy it is possible to be guided by the following table:

Adult weight (kg)






1 month (middle)






2 months






3 months






4 months






of 5 - 6 months






End of the 6th month






of 12 months






But it is very average figures.

Photo: pexels

How many once a day to feed a puppy

Minimum frequency of feeding of a puppy following:

Age of a puppy

the Number of feedings of a puppy in day

Up to 4 months


of 4 - 6 months


6 months Are more senior than

Can pass

to 2

Technique of feeding of a puppy

There are several techniques of feeding of puppies, and each of them has both pluses, and minuses.

Technique of feeding of a puppy

of Advantage


Free access to a forage.

does not need to know

about structure of a forage much.

Weak control of the eaten standard daily rate.

the Calming effect at contents in a cage.

Contributes with

to obesity and violations of the musculoskeletal device.

the Lowest in rank animals have an opportunity to eat in enough.

Weak control of certain dogs.

Portion feeding with restriction on standard daily rate.

the Best control of norm.

Need of calculation of standard daily rate.


Control of appetite.


the Best control of body weight.

Portion feeding with time limit.

Control of standard daily rate.

the Eaten quantity is defined by

is inexact.

Control of appetite.

Risk of obesity and diseases of the musculoskeletal device as at free access.

It is undesirable both free access, and limited on time in a phase of rapid growth of a puppy. Researches showed that puppies who were fed by 2 times a day within 20 minutes had bigger weight, it is more than fatty deposits and the raised mineralization of bones, as well as puppies with feeding in free access.

the Best technique: precisely measured quantity which is divided into 2 – 4 feedings (depending on age).
 a malamute eats from a photo bowl

Photo: wikimedia

the Violations caused by the wrong feeding of a puppy

As a rule, we speak about digestion violations. The reasons most often are in the following: consumption of bones, cellulose consumption (for example, ingestion of parts of sticks at a game), consumption of lactose and "heavy" proteins (for example, tendinous bones or a large number of interiors). All this can cause diarrhea in a dog.

Formation of eating habits at a puppy

In this question existence of rules, but not rules is important. For example, was considered earlier that the dog surely has to eat with the last. But this rule does not make any sense, it is just outdated myth, and there is a lot of such stamps and myths. What will be rules, to solve to the owner who establishes the harmonious relations with a dog.

to Puppies is very important to learn to leave a condition of frustration when food is unavailable. It is important to them to learn to understand that not all resources are available always – it is normal and promotes formation of feeling of moderation. The constant feeling of full saturation is unnatural.

Owners should explain that it is necessary to work with it, otherwise at a dog the habit to begging will develop.

Of course, the dog has preferences in tastes, and it can be used. But in principle metabolism of a dog is arranged in such a way that a big variety of tastes is not required to her, however several sources of a protein are desirable.

Acquaintance of an animal to all options of forages is useful (for example, besides a dry feed it is quite good to know that there are house products or damp forages or on the contrary) – in that case the dog will be more flexible if she needs to be transferred to other forage.

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