• Feb 14, 2020

Still is instructors and cynologists which any manifestations of problems of behavior write off of dogs on " domination ". Also suggest owners to use the methods directed to showing, "who main in pack". Sometimes these methods are extremely cruel. Whether such approach is effective and whether dogs have an advantage of fight against "domination"?

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It is worth fighting against "domination" of a dog?

To answer a question, first, it is necessary to remember several things.

First, that the dominance is a line not persons of a specific dog, and the relations between individuals. That is to say that "my dog prepotent" — at least incorrectly. Of course, there are qualities which will allow a dog to appear more often to dominants in the company of other dogs – for example, courage and persistence. But you should not confuse courage with "dominance".

Secondly, it is necessary to remember that the hierarchical status – the piece flexible, and in pack of dogs is not present rigid hierarchy.

And thirdly not to forget that what people most often call domination it is or learned aggression , unintentionally (and even intentionally) formed and supported by the owner, either a lack of training, or a symptom of trouble of a dog (any living being cannot normally behave in abnormal conditions).

Fourthly, the leader – not the one who the first passes at a door, and the one who ensures safety and distributes resources. And so far you decide when and where you go for a walk (the door is opened, eventually, by you) where and what is eaten by your dog (the refrigerator at your disposal?), and she does not specify to you whether you go to work and will work, consider where exactly that the dog dominates, a little prematurely.

That is dog do not try to dominate over people. Any problem of behavior is a symptom of the fact that in life of a dog something is unsuccessful, and it is necessary to work with the reason, but not with a symptom.

Otherwise it is similar to treatment only of cough at pneumonia. Cough, perhaps, will pass – together with the death of the patient if not to treat pneumonia. And here if to cure pneumonia, cough will pass too.

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What methods are offered by supporters of "fight against domination" and whether these methods are effective?

Methods which are offered by supporters of fight against "dominance" of a dog can be divided into several groups:

  1. Establishment of rules : not to let a dog not to give on a bed the chance to pass to the first at a door to feed after all members of the family, etc. of B it eat there is a sensible grain, but at all not because similar rules help "to put a dog into place". It is absolutely unimportant who eats with the first or passes at a door. Eventually, the leader of pack not always goes the first. The advantage here that the owner gives to a dog the accurate system of coordinates, so, behaves consistently, raises predictability and reduces uneasiness of the pet. Important point: rules should not have exceptions, otherwise it turns life of a dog into chaos and leads to aggravation of problems. Rules at the same time can be any, convenient to the owner and clear (and feasible!) for a dog . It is not connected with domination in any way, it has relations to living conditions of a dog, no more and not less that.
  2. I go, water, toys, walk and other pleasures the dog has to deserve , nothing has to get to it just like that. Really, it is possible to use, for example, a part of a day diet of a dog (or even all entirely) in quality encouragement at trainings. It is possible to encourage a dog with a game if it executed the command of the owner. It is possible to teach a dog to come for walk only after she sits down before a door, without jumps and bark. Under one condition – if all this does not break five freedoms of a dog, that is does not pose threat for her wellbeing . Whether has this relation to "domination"? No, this usual training, no more and not less that. And to explain to a dog how to behave, it is possible in the different ways, and a positive reinforcement – one of the most effective.
  3. Not to play banners at all . In it there is too a sensible grain as during such games the dog is excited and if the owner is not able to notice signs of overexcitation and in time to stop, similar games can aggravate behavior problems. Besides, having overexcited, the dog in passion can take, for example, the owner by a hand in attempt to select a toy. But it does not mean at all that it is necessary to refuse games with a dog, including in banners. It is useful to play with a dog in banners, it improves contact with the owner, increases motivation of a dog, but at the same time it is worth knowing when to stop and not to allow overexcitation . It has also no relation to domination, only a question of observation of the owner and attention to needs of the pet and to his state.
  4. Councils to beat a dog, to shake by the scruff, to press to the earth, to bite the pet, to growl on him, a direct look in eyes, "alpha revolutions", a suffocation and t.p . These councils are not simply not useful, they are awful and harmful as they or cause reciprocal aggression from a dog, or teach a dog to be afraid of the owner and anyway unambiguously destroy contact with it. These councils – in fact, provocation of aggression and a direct way to the problems of behavior and diseases connected with a distress (a "bad" stress) . They are bad also the fact that they allow the owner to shift responsibility only to a dog instead of looking for the reason of problems and to work with it . In fact, it is council to take cough medicines (and no more than that) at pneumonia. Nothing good from this will leave.
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Even scientists who still adhere to the idea of existence of "domination" of a dog in the relations with the person (and number of such scientists, it is necessary to tell, steadily decreases), emphasize that use of force in communication with a dog is inadmissible (it does not raise the status of the person in any way), and needs to train a dog by method of a positive reinforcement as it teaches the owner to give clear signals, and a dog – to submit (Shilder at al. 2013).

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