- Dec 4, 2019
- Dec 24, 2019
Ancestors of boxers consider mastiffs who extended in Europe at the time of Celts.On a photo: the dog of breed the boxer
In Germany, Belgium and France arose the breed removed for hunting for big game: tours, wolves, bears, wild boars. From there was a name "bullenbeyser" in translation from German meaning "быкодав". The strong and hardy dog who can fearlessly attack much larger opponent was necessary compact, dexterous, but at the same time and hold him a death grip.
The breed thrived until British created competitors. They crossed mastiffs to borzois, and as a result received the English mastiff. These dogs united fearlessness and power of mastiffs with speed and endurance of borzois. The English mastiffs soon practically forced out rough bullenbeyser. Where the last nevertheless remained (for example, in Prussia), used them together with the English mastiffs. There were hybrids, turned into a bullenbeyser of more modern type: mobile and tightened, but at the same time not lost courage and power.
The main task which was carried out by dogs – to seize an animal and to hold him before approach of the hunter. In this regard certain features of an exterior were welcomed. The dog had to have a wide mouth (provided the maximum area of capture), the shortened jaws (small length of levers gave smaller load of maxillary muscles) and also a snub nose (the dog could breathe freely, having seized even a skin of a bear).
Deforestation for agricultural grounds in 17 century led to disappearance of the most part of large animals, besides more and more available were guns. Dogs were out of work. Only those individuals whom butchers used for suppression of bulls and also dogs who began to be used as watchmen remained.
By 19 century the former bullenbeyser remained only in a hybrid with other breeds. In 1893. The German club of dog breeders entered data on all dogs (regardless of breed) in the breeding book. Metises of bullenbeyser did not enjoy popularity and would disappear at all if not their new derivative which was called the boxer.
. Some say that it is a consequence of similarity of a muzzle to the face of the boxer after unsuccessful fight. Others compare the dog head to a boxing glove. One more version is connected with the fact that representatives of breed in games often use forepaws. Anyway, the name got accustomed.
The famous cynologist and the trainer Friedrich Robert who moved in 1894 to Munich was captured by the idea to create an ideal military dog. Also considered that the boxer as nobody else suits for this role. With assistance of Rudolf Hepner and Elard Keniga he began the company on advance of this idea. This Trinity presented the first boxer at an exhibition of 1895 and based the Boxer club.
After the monopedigree exhibition held a year later boxers were fallen in love by much. Then created the first standard.
World War I became examination for boxers, and dogs sustained it with honor. They proved to be excellent fighters, however, unfortunately, many did not live up to the end of war.
1921 became the beginning of new career of boxers: three representatives of breed passed the test for the right to work in police.
In the late forties 20 century boxers extended worldwide. And in 1950 in Strasbourg the ATIBOX organization (Association Technique Internationale du Boxer) where now Denmark, Belgium, Finland, Germany, France, Israel, Indonesia, Italy, Norway, the Netherlands, Austria, Sudan, Poland, Sweden, Portugal, Hungary, Spain, Crete, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Yugoslavia, Slovenia, the USA, Peru and Russia enter was created.