- Dec 16, 2019
the History of breed the bull terrier reckons from the beginning of the 19th century.
The name "bull terrier" combines in itself two groups of dogs: terriers and bulldogs. And though in shape familiar to us these dogs were created not really long ago, history of a bull terrier reckons from the beginning of the 19th century. They were brought in the Country (Birmingham, England) Faded. Creation of a dog, courageous, hardy, dexterous and insensitive to pain, who could take part in hunting for large animals or in dog fights was the purpose.
Dogs could be pitted in any pub, the main thing that there was an opportunity to conclude a bet. However fights between bulldogs were not so hazardous as the audience wanted – dogs with a short muzzle were quite inert and not too capable to change the course and a rhythm of fight sharply. To give them mobility, bulldogs crossed to various breeds, metises with terriers became the most successful. They were called by "bul-and-terriers".
The bravery, force and persistence of bulldogs were combined in them with dexterity and ingenuity of terriers. However, the appearance of the first dogs was very peculiar: the curved back and curve legs. Later the back became straight, legs were extended, the head was extended, and the muzzle was pointed. Colors were various, including white.
Later James Hinks decided to remove the breed having unique character and appearance. He also called purely white dogs of the cultivation bull terriers. In general it were the same starotipny fighting dogs, but more civilized, without external signs of roughness: active, brawny, vigilant and courageous.
In bull terriers blood of bul-and-terriers, white English terriers and starotipny bulldogs merged. And to make dogs more attractive and elegant, "mixed" dalmatians. Also, according to some data, the Spanish pointers and foxhounds participated in process. But as Hicks did not keep any records, now it is difficult to tell precisely who exactly "applied a paw" to creation of breed.
of Bull terriers of James Hicks was called "gentlemen in white". Special attention was paid to ability to constrain aggression and "to splash out" it only for protection of owners.
The first bull terrier of Hins presented at an exhibition in 1862 created a furor.
However, fans of old bul-and-terriers cruelly criticized Hinks. He was accused that the external elegance was reached due to fighting qualities. However Hinks proved groundlessness of these charges. He carefully watched that dogs of its cultivation did not concede to the ancestors on fighting skills.
The first club of fans of bull terriers was organized by British – in 1887. For nearly 20 years later the same club appeared in the USA.
For underground dog fights brought a tiny bull terrier weighing about 3.5 kg. Such dog could be hidden easily, having caught sight of the police officer. These kids became result of crossing of a bull terrier, Manchester terrier and toy terrier.Bull terriers so strikingly differed with
by the sizes that in 1900 there were three versions: that, average and heavy. However mini-bull terriers whom in due time many wished to buy were very painful and practically disappeared. It was succeeded to keep them, having only increased weight to 8 kg. In the nineties the 20th centuries mini-bull terriers were recognized as separate breed.
At the beginning of the 20th century color bull terriers began to appear. Possibly, it occurred thanks to a prilitiya of blood of the Staffordshire terrier. However the first color individuals often had deafness that caused a barrage of criticism and for a long time barred to descendants of color dogs the way on exhibitions. Only in 1939. The Canadian kennel-club the first recognized color bull terriers. And in 1942 AKS recognized them by a separate version. Gradually all of them began to be exposed in one ring with white relatives.
Despite frightening appearance, representatives of breed were always famous for the benevolent attitude towards people, especially to the family. Over time bull terriers lost the most part of a fighting heat and can coexist with other animals quite comfortably.