- Dec 18, 2019
the History of breed the dalmatian contains many ambiguities. Nevertheless, researchers meet in one: a dalmatian – ancient breed of dog.
On a photo: dalmatian. Photo:
Ancestors of dalmatians were ashy (cindery) dogs, whose remains which find in Bohemia and Austria, are dated 2 – 3 millennium BC as the structure of a skull of a dalmatian is most of all similar to the structure of a skull of these dogs.
At excavation which belongs to 4 – 2 millennium BC find figures of the reminding dalmatians of spotty dogs.
However, despite it, from 1 century AD to the 13th century neither the description, nor drawings contain mentions of similar dogs. Riddle!
One more mystery of history of breed a dalmatian – the homeland of these dogs. Some incline to a thought that Dalmatia is the historical province of present Croatia, however now there it is infrequently possible to meet dogs of this breed and if dalmatians and meet, then it are natives of England.
Other version says that the homeland of dalmatians – India. And then Roma brought these dogs to Great Britain and other countries of Europe.
Supporters of one more hypothesis insist that dalmatians accompanied the Roman legionaries, and thus appeared in the territory of present Yugoslavia.
During the history of breed of dalmatians called differently, and only the unique color gives the chance to define that it is representatives of one breed. Dalmatians were called tiger and Turkish dogs, the Bengalese marriages, dalmatsky mastiffs, dalmatsky carriage dogs, the French dogs, the Danish hounds, harlequins and print dogs. Why eventually the name "dalmatian" got accustomed, it is definitely not known.
One hypothesis of origin of the name attributes it to the name of the area Dalmatia (in the territory of present Croatia).
Other hypothesis is connected with religion, more precisely, with dresses of priests – they were black-and-white, were weaved from hair of dalmatsky sheep and were called "далматик".
Any of these versions is not proved yet, but also not disproved.
In the Middle Ages dalmatians were used for an allegorization of inquisition and were considered as "Dogs the Dominical".
In the 16th century dalmatians got to Great Britain under the name of "Italian dog" and were considered as breed of feudal lords. In this country the breed experienced a rebirth. There is a version that British "added" to breed of blood of white English terriers and pointers. And in 16 – 17 centuries dalmatians began to conquer and other countries of Europe.
In the 18th century of dalmatians began to call "a carriage dog" as escort of crews was their main work. Dogs not only kept the company to travelers, but also protected property of owners – both from wild animals, and from robbers.
Then dalmatians visited hunters, security guards, actors of vagrant circuses, and the USA – assistants to firefighters.
In 1860 dalmatians were for the first time presented at an exhibition (Birmingham, Great Britain). And in 1890 British organized club of fans of dalmatians which developed the first standard of breed. The international standard was developed by FCI in 1926
During World War II the American dalmatians were used as military dogs.
In the middle of the 20th century the breed endured a boom thanks to the book and the animated film "101 dalmatians". The American club of fans of dalmatians even appealed to manufacturers to limit cultivation of these dogs.
Today most of all dalmatians in Great Britain, Canada, the USA, France and Sweden. Most often the dalmatian is used as the faithful and tireless partner for the active owner.