• Nov 13, 2018

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Chihuahua: standard of breed of FCI 218/15.09.2010

ORIGIN

Mexico

APPLICATION

Partner

FCI CLASSIFICATION

Group 9. Dogs partners and decorative dogs.
Section 6. Chikhuakhuenyo.

of

Without working tests.

Dog of Breed of a Chihuahua of a Photo

On a photo: chihuahua. Photo:

BRIEF HISTORICAL INFORMATION: The chihuahua is considered the least pedigree dog in the world and by name the largest Republican state of Mexico (Chihuahua) is called. There is an assumption that these dogs lived in the wild nature, and at the time of the Civilization of Toltecs, were caught by them and were cultivated. We can receive ideas of the toy dogs who received the name of" a techicha "from the objects of a city architecture of Toole which remained up to now in Mexico. Sculptural sculptures of dogs are very similar to modern chihuahuas.

General view: the chihuahua has the compact case. The fact that the skull of a chihuahua has the apple form, and moderately long tail is of great importance, it is highly put, curved or in the form of a semicircle with the tip directed towards a waist.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of the case is a little more than height in withers. However, almost square case, especially at dogs is desirable. At a bough, for reproduction function realization, longer case is allowed.

CHARACTER / BEHAVIOUR: Live, attentive, brisk, very courageous.

HEAD

CRANIAL PART:

Skull: Well rounded head of a form of apple is feature of breed.

Stop, transition: It is well expressed, deep and wide, it is connected with very rounded forehead.

FRONT AREA:

Nose: Let's allow any color of a lobe. Moderately short, hitched up a little up.

Muzzle: Short, direct at a look from outside, wide at the basis, narrowed by the end.

Lips: Dry, densely pressed.

Cheeks: are poorly expressed, very dry.

Jaws/teeth: Bite nozhnitseobrazny or direct. Having a snack, недокус and also any other anomaly of arrangement of the upper or lower jaw have to be punished strictly.

Eyes: Big, rounded shape, very expressive, not convex, absolutely dark. Light eyes are admissible, but are not desirable.

Ears: Big, standing, widely opened, wide at the basis, gradually narrowed to their slightly rounded off tips. At rest are located at an angle 45 °.

Neck: top line slightly convex. Average length. More volume at dogs, than at a bough. Without suspension. At long-haired chihuahuas, existence on a neck collar with long wool is desirable.

Case: Compact, well put.

Line of Top: Straight line.

Withers: it is slightly expressed.

Back: Short and strong.

Waist: very brawny.

Croup: Wide and strong, almost flat or it is slightly inclined.

Breast: a thorax wide and deep, edges are well bent. At survey in front wide, but it is not excessive. At a look from outside, reaching the level of elbows. But not barrel-shaped.

Line of a bottom and stomach: It is formed much by the tightened belt. Poorly tightened belt is admissible, but is not desirable.

TAIL: Highly put, on appearance equal, moderate length, wide at the basis, gradually narrowed by the end. A tail - important characteristic of breed: at the movement of a dog, the tail of a chihuahua holds highly lifted bent on a curve or a semicircle with the tip directed to area of a waist that creates balance of the case at the movement. The tail never has to be between hind legs, or to be curtailed below the line of a back. Wool on a tail depends on a version and has to be in harmony with a wool cover of the case. At a long-haired version wool on a tail forms a suspension. At rest the tail which is hanging down also forms a small bend.

EXTREMITIES

FRONT EXTREMITIES:

General view: Front extremities at a look in front form a straight line with elbows. At a look sideways posts vertically to the case.

Shoulders: Accurately outlined, moderately brawny, with good corners of a joint between a shovel and a forearm.

Elbows: Skintight to the case that provides freedom of the movement.

Forearms: Straight lines, good length.

Pyasti: Slightly inclined, strong and flexible.

Paws: Very small and oval, with well placed, but not dismissed (spread wide) fingers (not hare and not cat's). Claws are especially well reduced also moderately long. Small pillows are well developed also very elastic. Pribyly fingers are undesirable.

BACK EXTREMITIES:

General view: Hind legs with good muscles on long bones, vertically and in parallel each other, with good corners of a joint of coxofemoral, knee and skakatelny joints, in harmony with corners of joints of front extremities.

Insteps: Short skakatelny joints with well developed by Achilles' tendons at survey behind, they are well put from each other direct and vertical.

Paws: Very small and oval, with well placed, but not dismissed (spread wide) fingers (not hare and not cat's). Claws are especially well reduced also moderately long. Small pillows are well developed also very elastic. Pribyly fingers are undesirable.

GAIT / Movement: Steps are wide, elastic, vigorous and active, with a good move and a push. At survey behind, hind legs have to move almost in parallel to each other. In the movement forepaws have to get to traces of hind legs. With increase in speed of the movement of an extremity show a tendency to meet to the central line (a single trace). The movement remains free and smooth, without visible breakthroughs, the head is raised to top.

Skin: Smooth and elastic on all body.

Wool

In this breed there are two types of a woolen cover:

* Sleek-haired look: Wool short, skintight on all body. In the presence of an underfur, wool is slightly longer, rare wool on a stomach and a throat is admissible a little more long on a neck and a tail, short on the head and ears. Wool brilliant, and its texture soft. Bald dogs are not admissible.

* Long-haired: wool has to be thin and silky, direct or slightly wavy. Not too dense underfur is desirable. Wool longer, forming tows on ears, on a neck, on back side of front and hind legs, on paws and a tail. Dogs with long the fluttering wool, are not allowed.

Color: All colors of any possible shades and combinations are allowed, except for color died.

Weight size I: In this breed weight, but not height is only considered.

Ideal weight: from 1.5 to 3 kg. Weight from 500 grams to 1.5 kg is allowed.

Dogs weighing less than 500 g and more than 3 kg, have to be disqualified.

Shortcomings: any deviation from the above-stated points has to be considered as a shortcoming, and gravity of assessment, has to consider extent of influence on health and wellbeing of a dog.

* Lack of teeth.

* "Double number of teeth" (preservation of temporary teeth).

* Peaked ears.

* Short neck.

* Long case.

* The humpbacked or sagged back (лордоз or кифоз).

* Sloping croup.

* Narrow breast, flat thorax.

* The tail twirled or short twisted.

* Short extremities.

* The twisted elbows.

* The pulled together back extremities.

SERIOUS SHORTCOMINGS:

* Narrow skull

* Eyes: small, deeply put and also goggle.

* Long muzzle.

* Having a snack or недокус.

* Patella dislocation.

The DISQUALIFYING DEFECTS:

*agressivny or too timid.

* Any dog who is obviously showing physical or behavioural deviations has to be disqualified

* Olenepodobny dogs (with the atypical or extremely expressed structure: easy head, long neck, insufficiently volume, easy case, long extremities).

* Dogs with an open fontanel.

* Trailing or short ears.

* The deformed jaws.

* Extremely long case.

* Lack of a tail.

* In a long-haired version: dogs with too long, soft and magnificent wool.

* In a sleek-haired version: baldness (allopetion)

* The color was died.

* Dogs weighing less than 500 g and more than 3 kg.

Note: Dogs have to have two obviously normal testicles which are completely lowered in a scrotum.

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