Standard of breed Belgian sheep-dog of FCI No. 15 of 19.04.2002
the Belgian sheep-dog in a rack
SHORT HISTORY of BREED: at the end of 1800 in Belgium the great number of the shepherd's dogs very different from each other type of appearance, especially wool cover existed. Several amateur dog breeders gathered and decided to remove the breed combining the best qualities inherent in each separate look. On September 29, 1891 these enthusiasts under the leadership of Mr. A. Ryol, professor of Kuregkhemsky Veterinary medical institute who is the actual pioneer and a razvodchik of breed organized club of fans of the Belgian sheep-dogs "Club du chien de berger belge" in Brussels. The exhibition at veterinary institute of Kugerham was the first project of this club. At the exhibition which took place on November 15 the same year 117 dogs were presented. After survey the best samples were recommended for further cultivation. In the same 1891 the selection program was developed and approved. Officially the breed was removed during the period from 1891 to 1897
on April 3, 1892 the club of fans of the Belgian sheep-dog adopted the first detailed standard according to which within one breed it was allowed to have three versions distinguished among themselves as wool. However at that time the Belgian sheep-dog belonged to the simplest segments of the population owing to what the new breed lacked the appropriate status.
For the above-named reasons only in 1901 the first representatives of breed of the Belgian sheep-dogs were included in the book by manufacturers of Royal Society St. Gubert (L.O.S.H.).
for the next years the biggest enthusiasts — cynologists selflessly worked on a unification problem like the Belgian sheep-dog and elimination of defects. It is possible to claim safely that by 1910 the type and temperament of breed was developed and embodied in reality.
For all history of existence of the Belgian sheep-dog a question of existence excellent from each other, but acceptable versions was exposed to hot discussions. On the other hand, the morphological types developed by then, temperament and working qualities of breed did not cause any disagreements.
GENERAL VIEW: the Belgian sheep-dog — a dog with a dry, harmonious constitution, the average size. Combines power and elegance. Possesses strong, relief muscles. It is unpretentious, adapted for contents on the street, is steady against the seasonal changes of weather and various atmospheric phenomena characteristic of the Belgian climate.
Thanks to the harmonious forms and proud landing of the head the Belgian sheep-dog makes an impression of elegant power that is the main property of selection of this working breed of dog. The Belgian sheep-dog should be estimated in her natural state, without physical contact with the handler.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: the silhouette of the Belgian sheep-dog well fits into a square. The breast is rather volume, falls to the level of elbows. Length of a muzzle is approximately equal to a half of length of the head or slightly more than a half.
BEHAVIOUR: the Belgian sheep-dog — a careful and active dog, very vigorous, always ready to action. In spite of the fact that originally representatives of breed were intended for pasturage and protection of flocks of sheep, they are also excellent defenders and are used as watchmen for protection of property. The Belgian sheep-dog faithfully and bravely protects the owner. All above-named qualities do the Belgian sheep-dog by an excellent shepherd's, security, sentry and guard dog.
of Postav of the head and proud, attentive expression of bright, shining eyes clearly demonstrate active temperament of a dog, her steadiness and also the total lack of fear and aggression.
HEAD: highly lifted, moderately long, a good molding, dry. Length of a skull and muzzle are approximately identical, but the muzzle is slightly longer.
CRANIAL PART: average width, proportional to head length, a forehead rather flat, than roundish, the frontal furrow is not really expressed; in a profile it is parallel to the imagined line continuing the line of a muzzle; the occipital hillock is poorly developed; nadbrovny and malar arches are not expressed.
Transition from a forehead to a muzzle: moderate.
nose Lobe: black.
Muzzle: average length, there is lower than the level of eyes with accurate sides; it is gradually narrowed to a nose lobe, reminding the extended wedge; the nose back a straight line, is parallel to the line continuing the top line of a forehead; the big angle of disclosure of a mouth, i.e. when the mouth is open is characteristic, corners of lips disperse, and jaws distinctly separate from each other.
of the Lip: thin, dense, are strongly pigmented.
Teeth: jaws with the strong and white teeth which are correctly located, strongly sitting in well developed jaws. The bite is nozhnitseobrazny, that is cutters of the upper jaw slightly cover cutters of the lower jaw, at the same time concerning each other. The direct bite is allowed. Shepherds prefer to have dogs with such bite. Full tooth formula; the lack of two premolyar 1 (2 P1) is allowed, (the third painters (M3) are not taken into consideration).
of the Cheekbone: dry, almost flat, at the same time with good muscles.
of an Eye: average size, at the same time neither convex, nor become hollow, a little almond-shaped, slantwise put, brown, preferably dark brown; black edges of the lids. Look direct, live, clever and inquisitive.
Ears: small, highly put, almost triangular shape, auricles at the basis are rounded off, tips of ears are pointed, the dog keeps ears in the alerted state directly and vertically.
NECK: it is highly put, slightly extended, rather direct, very brawny, to shovels smoothly extending, without suspension. The nape is slightly bent.
CASE: powerful, but not heavy; case length from a shoulder to a sciatic hillock is approximately equal to height in withers.
Top line: top line of a back and waist straight line.
Withers: it is expressed.
Back: strong, short, very brawny.
Waist: strong, short, very brawny.
of Grain: very brawny; with very small inclination; rather wide, but it is not excessive.
Breast: moderately wide, but rather deep and volume. The top part of edges is bent. At a look in front a front part of a breast rather wide, than narrow.
Lower line: begins below the line of a breast and smoothly, in the form of harmoniously curved curve, rises to a stomach. A stomach at the same time neither pro-hanging, nor involved; it is moderately tightened
TAIL: well put, thick at the basis, average length. In a quiet state it is lowered down, the tip is slightly bent to the level of skakatelny joints; in wild spirits the tail rises in the form of a curved curve, but at the same time it should not be bent by a hook or be filled up aside.
General view: with strong, but not heavy frame, dry and strong muscles.
Front extremities — at a look from any point — straight lines and, at a look in front — absolutely parallel.
of the Shovel: long are also slantwise put, skintight, form the sufficient corner for the free movement of elbows ideally making 110 — 115 degrees with a humeral bone.
Shoulders: long, with a noticeable inclination.
Elbows: strong, not turned out neither inside, nor outside.
of the Forearm: long and direct.
of the Wrist: very strong, dry.
: strong and short, the most perpendicular to the earth or slightly inclined forward.
of the Paw: rounded shape, "cat's"; fingers are svodisty, densely compressed; small pillows thick and elastic, claws dark and strong.
General view: powerful, but not heavy; at a look in a profile back extremities direct, at a look behind — absolutely parallel.
of the Hip: average length, wide, with the developed, relief muscles.
Knee joints: lines of a hip are located almost vertically; with a usual corner.
of the Shin: average length, wide, brawny.
Skakatelny joints: are located close to the earth, wide, brawny with moderate corners.
of the Instep: strong and short. Pribyly fingers are undesirable.
of the Paw: can be slightly oval; fingers svodisty and densely compressed; small pillows thick and elastic, claws dark and strong.
MOVEMENTS: in the movement the dog is active, is not held down. The Belgian sheep-dog is capable to move very good gallop, but for her the movement by a quiet step and especially at a trot is the most typical. The Belgian sheep-dog rearranges extremities parallel to the average line of the case. At great speed the dog puts paws closer to the average line; during the movement lynx scope average, movements equal and easy. The top line remains integral, compact, at the same time front extremities rise not too highly. Being in the constant movement, the Belgian sheep-dog makes an impression of tireless; movements are fast, elastic, live. It is capable to change the direction of run on very high speed. According to temperament prefers to move circles, but not to adhere to strictly direct direction.
SKIN: elastic, but skintight to a trunk. Mucous membranes of lips and eyes are strongly pigmented.
KINDS of BREED DEPENDING ON TYPE of WOOL AND the COLOUR: within breed of the Belgian sheep-dog four versions differing from each other in length, the invoice, the direction and a color of a wool cover exist: грюнендаль, тервюрен, malinua and lakenua. All these four types are estimated during the competitions separately from each other and can receive S.A.S., S.A.S. of I.B. or to be deducted in a reserve stock.
INDUMENTUM: at all versions wool has to be dense, dense, good structure, with the silky underfur providing excellent protection against adverse weather conditions.
And. LONG-HAIRED: on the head, outer side of ears and in the lower part of extremities of hair short. The exception is made by the back of forearms which from an elbow to a wrist is covered with the long wool forming tows. On other surface of the case wool long and smooth, around a neck and on a front part of a breast indumentum is longer and more plentiful, forms a collar and a jabot. Open parts of the body are protected by dense wool. Beginning from the basis of ears, straight line hair, frames the head on perimeter. The back side of hips is covered with very long plentiful wool forming tows. The tail is also covered with long plentiful wool, on the end is fluffed up. Treat a long-haired type of breed грюнендаль and тервюрен.
Century. Short-haired: on the head, outer side of ears and in the lower part of extremities of hair very short. On other surface of the case a wool cover short, on a tail and around a neck — more plentiful, in a neck forms a collar which begins at the basis of ears and comes to an end at a throat of a dog. On back side of hips the extended tows. The shape of a tail reminds a corncob, the tip of a tail is not fluffed up. The short-haired type of breed is presented by a kind of a malinu.
Page. Wire-haired: this type of breed is characterized by availability of rigid and dry wool, moreover — rough and tousled. Wool length on the surface of all case is about 6 cm, on the top part of a muzzle, on a forehead and extremities of a dog — wool is shorter. Wool around eyes and on a muzzle has to be such length that did not close a shape of the head. At the same time it is important that the muzzle was decorated with a wool cover. The tail should not be too fluffed up. The wire-haired type of breed is presented by a kind of a lakenu.
: at tervyuren and a malinu the mask has to be pronounced, with a trend of coverage of the upper and lower lips, corners of lips and a century a uniform black zone. Six points make the minimum quantity of the pigmented sites of skin which have to have a black color: two ears, two upper eyelids and two lips — top and lower.
Black drawing: at versions тервюрен and a malinua the black drawing means presence at a hair of the black tip shading the main color. The drawing should not be presented neither in the form of big spots, nor in the form of strips. At a lakenu the black shade is expressed less considerably.
Gryunendal: only a continuous black color.
Tervyuren: only pale-yellow with the black drawing or gray with the black drawing and a black mask, at the same time a preferable color is pale-yellow with the black drawing. The pale-yellow color has to be saturated, warm, neither light, nor indistinct. The dog with a color, excellent from pale-yellow with the black drawing, or pale-yellow cannot reckon with a color of inappropriate intensity as an elite sample.
of Malinua: only pale-yellow with the black drawing and a black mask.
of Lakenua: only pale-yellow with traces of the black drawing, generally on a muzzle and on a tail.
For all versions: small white marks on a front part of a breast and on fingers are allowed.
GROWTH, WEIGHT, MEASURING PARAMETERS:
Height in withers:
Ideal average growth: at dogs — 62 cm, at a bough — 58 cm
Is allowed growth less average on 2 cm and more average on 4 cm
Weight: at dogs — from 25 to 30 kg, at a bough — from 20 to 25 kg.
Normal proportions for a dog of the Belgian sheep-dog of average height (62 cm of height in withers):
is case length (from a humeral ledge to a sciatic hillock): 62 cm;
is head length: 25 cm;
is muzzle length: 12.5 — 13 cm
SHORTCOMINGS: any deviation from the above-named points is considered a shortcoming which degree is defined by that, how strongly it differs from the standard.
General view: insufficiently elegant look; dog too easy or too dry; length of the case exceeds height; case of a rectangular shape.
: heavy, too powerful, with lack of parallelism, not enough clean lines, insufficiently dry; too roundish forehead; transition from a forehead to a muzzle is too expressed or too smoothed; a muzzle too short or too pointed; Roman nose; too convex nadbrovny or malar arches.
Lobe of a nose, lip, eyelids: with depigmentation traces.
Teeth: uneven cutters. Serious defect: lack of one cutter (1 I), one premolyar 2 (1 P2), one premolyar of 3 (1 P3) or three premolyar 1 (3 P1).
of an Eye: light, round shape.
Ears: large, long, at the basis too wide, low put, turned out outside or inside.
Neck: thin; short or low put.
Case: too long, thorax too wide (cylindrical form).
Withers: flat, low.
Top line: a back and/or a waist long, weak, sagged or convex.
of Grain: too slanted, with excessively developed muscles.
Lower line: too strongly or, on the contrary, insufficiently lowered breast; too volume stomach.
Tail: too low put; will rise too highly in the form of a hook, will curtail on one side.
of the Extremity: too light or too heavy frame; at a look in a profile of posts the straight line does not suffice, (pyast with too big inclination, or weak wrists, at a look in front of a paw are twisted inside or outside, weak elbows, etc.), at a look behind back extremities are put too closely to each other or placed too widely, barrel-shaped posts, skakatelny joints are excessively closed or open, etc.; corner too small or too big.
of the Paw: too widely placed.
of the Movement: the held-down movements, too short step, an insufficient push of back extremities, too high step.
Wool cover: for all four versions — insufficient.
Gryunendal and тервюрен: shaggy, wavy, curly, insufficiently long wool.
of Malinua: length of wool is more than put; smooth wool; the rough wool disseminated through perimeter of sites of the building with short wool; wavy wool.
of Lakenua: wool too long, silky, wavy, curly or short the fine hair is distributed by bunches between a rigid hair; too long hair around eyes or in the lower part of the head (a chin zone); fluffy tail.
Colour: for all four versions — white marks on a breast in the form of a tie; a white color not only on fingers, but also on other sites of paws.
Gryunendal: wool cover of a reddish shade; tows of gray color.
Tervyuren: gray color.
Tervyuren and malinua: tiger color; shades of insufficiently warm tone; imperceptible or too pronounced drawing of black color or existence of spots on the case; insufficiently expressed mask.
Tervyuren, malinua and lakenua: too light pale-yellow color; the indistinct primary color is considered serious defect.
Temperament: lack of confidence or excessive nervousness.
of the BASIS FOR DISQUALIFICATION:
Temperament: aggression or cowardice.
General view: atypical appearance.
Tooth formula: having a snack, including at contact preservation (a bite, opposite to nozhnitseobrazny), недокус; a distortion of a jaw 1 C, one top P4 or one lower M1, one painter (1 M1 — in the upper jaw — or 1 Sq.m; The M3 is not taken into account, one premolyar 3 (1 P3) plus of one of other teeth or all any three teeth (except for a premolyar 1) and also more.
Lobe of a nose, lip and eyelids: are strongly depigmented.
Ears: trailing or directly standing, but with traces of the adjusting operations.
Tail: a congenital kutsekhvostost, the stopped or amputated tail; the tail raised too highly, or twisted a suspension on a tail.
Wool cover: lack of an underfur.
Colour: any, differing from above-named, characteristic of the specified kinds of breed; the excessive quantity and the size of white spots on a front part of a breast, especially if these spots reach neck level; white spots in the top part pyasty and also spots in the form of socks; white spots on any sites of the building of a dog, except for a front part of a breast and fingers; lack of a mask at a tervyuren or a malinu, including cases when the dog has a muzzle of lighter color, than other case.
Size: beyond the stipulated standard.
Dogs have to have two normally developed testicles completely lowered in a scrotum.
CROSSING of VERSIONS:
Pairing of representatives of different types of this breed is forbidden. Force majeure can be an exception — in such cases the ban on crossing of versions within this breed is lifted by official and authorized film logical council (the text of 1974, is published in Paris).