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Sentry and security dog
Group 2. Pinschers and schnauzers, molossa, Swiss shepherd's dogs and other breeds.
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Section 2.1. Dogs of type of moloss and mastiffs.
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Without working tests.
On a photo: бо. Photo: google
SHORT HISTORY of BREED:
Many centuries ago development of navigation and navigation in the Mediterranean led to active exchange of cultural, scientific and other values between the western and east people. This relationship, mainly, of commercial character, promoted also exchange of pets among whom the place of honor was taken by the sentry and security dogs used in port and coastal settlements for protection against pirates and robbers. Special preference was given to large, powerful dogs with the big head and strong teeth. These dogs represented breed of mastiffs from the Iberian peninsula and were widely used in the territory of Spain as hunting and fighting dogs (for battle both with other dogs, and with bulls). They accompanied the king Jacob 1 in his aggressive campaigns and thus in 1230 got to Balearic Islands. In the 17th century the Utrecht agreement under which the island of Menorka and other territories departed in possession of Great Britain was accepted. British brought own combative and sentry dogs to Balearic Islands and crossed them to the Iberian mastiffs who by then were also inhabiting these islands. At the beginning of the 18th century the bullfight became fashionable, and there was a need for an etching dog. The British living on these islands began to look for the breed of dog capable to battle against bulls. The name of a dog "бо" — a bull dog is explained by this ability. The breed is mentioned in the Spanish breeding book in 1923, but the first official record was made several years later – in 1928 and 1929, after exhibiting of breed at an exhibition of dogs in Barcelona.
Typical молосс a little stretched format, strong and powerful, of average height. The difference of floors is obvious and is shown in a bigger circle of the head of dogs.
Quiet by the nature, can be under certain circumstances brave and brave. Kontakten with people, is true and devoted to the owner. Is an unsurpassed security and sentry dog. In a quiet situation it is self-confident and trustful. In wild spirits its expression becomes menacing.
Strong and massive.
Skull: Large, wide and almost square. Its grasp, especially at dogs, is more than height in withers. Forehead wide and flat. The frontal furrow is well expressed. At a look in front, thanks to a shape of a skull its back part is not visible. The top planes of a cranial part and a muzzle are almost parallel, the muzzle is hitched slightly up. Transition from a forehead to a muzzle: At a look it is sideways strongly expressed — sharp at a look in front it is noticeable only because nadbrovny arches form the expressed frontal furrow.
Front part: Chewing muscles strong, acting, are well developed and reach average area under eyes. A small amount of folds over chewing muscles meets though in general on the head of folds there is no skin.
Nose lobe: Black, wide, the partition between nostrils is well developed.
Muzzle: Begins from internal corners of eyes, wide and cone-shaped, in a profile reminds a stupid cone with the wide basis. A nose back the straight line which is slightly hitched up. Length of a muzzle belongs to skull length as 1 to 3.
Lips: The upper lip covers lower sideways to the middle of a muzzle from where the mouth corner is visible. Upper lips are quite hardly tense whereas lower form a fold in a middle part in such a way that at the closed mouth of a lip are not visible. The continuous red mucous membrane of a mouth has distinct cross crests in the sky, edges of gums of a black pigment.
Jaws and teeth: Jaws strong cutters — to the line, canines are widely placed. Teeth white and strong the bite having a snack forms an interval which should not exceed 1 cm. At the closed mouth teeth are not visible.
Eyes: Large, an oval form, eyelids are widely opened, accurately outlined also in slightly slanting section. Eyes dark (as far as possible — according to a color). The conjunctiva is not visible. At a look in front whites of the eyes are not visible. Eyes are deeply put and widely placed.
Ears: The heads are put highly on each side, rather small are raised on cartilages and tightened back — a so-called rozovidny ear. At rest tips of ears are located below the line of eyes.
Neck: Strong, thick, harmonious in relation to other case. In the basis reaches the size approximately equal to diameter of the head it is well put in withers. Skin slightly free, is allowed a small suspension.
Waist and sides: Short, rather narrow, with the obvious arch to a croup.
Croup: 1 — 2 cm higher than height in withers. It is inclined to a horizontal at an angle of 30 degrees, to a breast it is slightly narrowed.
Breast: The thorax of a little cylindrical form, deep, reaches elbows. Shovels are widely placed at the expense of what a breast at the level of height in withers wide.
Line of a bottom: The lower line of a thorax stretches parallel to the earth. The line of a stomach rising the belt is slightly tightened, but not as at the borzoi.
Tail: It is low put thick in the basis, narrowed by the end. At rest hangs naturally. In the movement forms an insignificant bend and rises to the line of top.
Shoulder joints: Moderately short, slightly inclined, hardly convex.
Shoulders: Direct, parallel, placed.
Elbows: Leaky adjoin to a breast because of its width in the lower part, but are not turned out.
Forearms: Considerably omuskulenny, direct, with strong frame.
Forepaws: Strong, with thick, slightly roundish fingers in a lump. Small pillows are slightly pigmented.
Back extremities: Muscles are more relief, than on front extremities.
Hips: Wide, naturally curved.
Skakatelny joints: Short, direct, strong. Pribyly fingers are undesirable.
Hinder legs: Strong, with thick fingers, longer, than on forepaws, but an oval form. The pigmented small pillows are preferable.
The pace characteristic of this breed, the lynx is.
Skin quite thick, skintight to a body (except a neck where there can be a small suspension).
The hair is short, to the touch rigid.
As preference: motley (tiger), cervine (red, pale-yellow) and black. At tiger dogs are preferable dark tone at a cervine color deeper shades are preferable. White spots are admissible on forepaws, a breast, a muzzle at most of white — to 30% of all surface of a body of a dog. On a muzzle the black mask is possible.
Height in withers: at dogs: 55 — 58 cm at a bough: 52 — 55 cm
Weight: at dogs: 35 – 38 kg. at a bough: 30 – 34 kg.
Any deviation from the above-named points is considered a shortcoming which degree is defined by that, how strongly it differs from the standard.
• Height in withers is more than height in a sacrum.
• Having a snack more than 1 cm
• Nozhnitseobrazny or kleshcheobrazny bite
• Lack of two premolyar
• Non-standard ears, i.e. standing ears, trailing, adjacent to cheekbones, even if the last third of an ear is lowered
• Buldogoobrazny tail
• Any other serious deviation from the standard.
The DISQUALIFYING DEFECTS:
• Shyness, aggression
• Light or yellow eyes
• The stopped ears or a tail
• The white color occupying more than 30% of a surface of a body or located in any other place except front extremities, a breast and a muzzle
• Spots of any other color.
MEASUREMENTS of the DOG of the AVERAGE SIZE:
Weight: 36 kg.
Croup height: 58 cm
Withers height: 56 cm
Breast circle: 78 cm
Head circle: 59.5 cm
Length from a back part of a skull prior to the beginning of a tail: 73 cm
Length from a back part of a skull until the end of a muzzle: 22 cm
Muzzle length before transition to a forehead: 8 cm
Dogs have to have two normally developed testicles completely lowered in a scrotum.