• Jan 8, 2020

the Official description of the Caucasian sheep-dog is reflected in the standard of breed.

Standard of breed Caucasian sheep-dog of FCI No. 328


of the USSR


Security sentry dog


Group 2. Pinschers, schnauzers, molossa, mountain and Swiss skotogonny dogs.
Section 2.2. Молоссы / mountain dogs.


Without working tests.

The Caucasian Sheep-dog at a Photo Exhibition

On a photo: the Caucasian sheep-dog at an exhibition. Photo: wikimedia.org


The Caucasian sheep-dog — the breed conducting the origin from ancient dogs of the Caucasus. A distribution area — the territories adjacent to the Caucasian ridge and also steppe regions of the South of Russia.

Formation of breed resulted not only natural selection, but also under the influence of national traditions of the people of the Caucasus.

Historically Caucasian sheep-dogs were used for protection of herds and dwellings from predators and aggressors. The first mention of use of large dogoobrazny dogs by troops of the Armenian tsar Tigran II belongs to the 1st century BC

Selection work with breed began in the USSR in the late twenties of the XX century. In the course of selection as obligatory qualities were always cultivated physical force, confidence and fearlessness, sharply developed hearing, good sight, availability of wool, dense, impenetrable for rainfall.

All these qualities and also endurance allow people to use the Caucasian sheep-dogs in the conditions of various climatic conditions, including also the most severe.


The Caucasian sheep-dog the — harmoniously put, large, strong dog with massiyny frame, volume muscles of slightly stretched format.

The sexual type is well expressed. Dogs brawny, with well developed withers and larger heads, in comparison with boughs. They also more massive and well, than boughs.

At dogs with the extended wool existence of pronounced "mane" is characteristic of dogs.


— length of the case exceeds height in withers for 3 — 8%.

— length of front extremities to an elbow is 50 — 52% of height of a dog in withers.

— a ratio of length of a skull to length of a muzzle about 3:2.


The behavior is balanced, active, sure, fearless, independent. The Caucasian sheep-dog is betrayed to the owner, has magnificent security qualities and congenital distrustfulness to strangers.



The head is large, massive, wide in cheekbones. At survey from above reminds a stupid wedge with the wide basis.

Skull: A massive and wide forehead almost flat, divided by a superficial longitudinal furrow. Nadbrovny arches noticeable, but not outstanding. Occipital hillock not the speaker.

Stop: Transition from a forehead to a muzzle noticeable, but not sharply expressed.


Nose lobe: black, big, with moderately open nostrils, not supporting muzzle contours. For spotty and skewbald dogs the black lobe of a nose is desirable, but is not obligatory (but genetically blue or hepatobrown nose is not allowed).

Muzzle: wide and deep, gradually narrowed to a nose, with massive jaws and a chin with a wide nose bridge it is well filled under eyes. Nose back wide. The top line of a muzzle is parallel to the forehead plane.

Lips: thick, dry, well pigmented.

Jaws / teeth: teeth have to be healthy, white cutters densely adjoin to each other, the bases of cutters are located on one line. Bite nozhnitseobrazny or direct (set 42 teeth).

Existence of the broken or beaten out cutters and canines which are not preventing definition of a bite does not influence assessment of a dog. For lack of one or two first premolyar (PM1s) assessment does not decrease.

Cheekbones: malar arches are well developed that is emphasized with the expressed, relief chewing muscles.

Eyes: small, an oval form, are not too deeply put, widely and are slantwise located. Color — various shades of brown color from dark to nut. Eyelids are black, dry, skintight. Expression of eyes serious, attentive, estimating.

Ears: small, thick, trailing on cartilages, triangular shape, highly and widely put. An internal part of an ear densely adjoins to a skull. Ears are traditionally stopped in the country of origin. Not stopped ears are allowed.


Average length, powerful, a low postav in section roundish. The nape is well expressed, especially at dogs.


Very well developed in all measurements wide, brawny and well balanced.

Withers: it is well expressed, average length. Height in withers slightly exceeds height in a sacrum.

Back: direct, wide, strong.

Waist: short, wide, slightly convex.

Croup: moderately long, wide, roundish, with an insignificant inclination to the tail basis.

Breast: long, wide, well developed, deep as in general, and in a front part in section has the form of a wide oval. Edges of rounded shape, false edges long. Форбруст it is expressed.

Line of a bottom and stomach: the belt which is moderately tightened.


It is highly put, has the form of a sickle or a ring. In a quiet state lowered and reaching a skakatelny joint in excited rises above the line of a back.



General view: brawny. At survey in front parallel each other, widely put.

Shovel: with well developed muscles. Moderate length, wide, the corner a shoulder - a scapular joint makes about 100. Humeral bones are densely pressed to a thorax.

Shoulder: Strong, brawny.

Elbow: Placed strictly back parallel to an axis are not turned in inside.

Forearms: Direct, massive, moderately long, brawny, roundish in section.

Pyast (Pyasti): Short, massive, almost direct at survey in front and sideways.

Paws: Large, rounded shape, svodisty, in a lump


General view: At survey behind direct, parallel each other and moderately widely put. At survey sideways — with moderately expressed corners of knee and skakatelny joints. Posts of back extremities not set aside.

Hips: wide, brawny, moderately long.

Knee joints: Are rather well expressed.

Shin: Wide, brawny, moderately long.

Skakatelny joints: Wide and dry, rather well expressed, strong, are not turned out in inside outside.

Insteps (back grandmas): not long, massive, almost direct at survey in front and sideways.

Paws: Large, rounded shape, svodisty, in a lump.


Free, elastic, the slow movement with a strong push of back extremities. Good coherence of all joints and good coordination.

A characteristic pace is the lynx.

Withers and a croup are located at one level, the line of top — at relative rest during the movement.


Tolstaya, rather elastic, without folds and wrinkles.


Hair: direct, rough, not adjacent, with well developed underfur.

Length of an ostevy hair and an underfur — not less than 5 cm. On the head and front sides of extremities wool shorter and dense. The tail is covered with dense wool from all directions and looks thick and fluffy.

At the extended ostevy ear hair "brushes", on a neck "mane", on back sides of extremities "tows" and "trousers" are formed.

Color: any continuous, skewbald and spotty. Except for continuous black weakened black or black in any combination either genetically blue or color hepatobrown.


Height in withers of the Caucasian sheep-dog:

Dogs: Desirable height is 72 – 75 cm

Lower limit: 68 cm

Boughs: Desirable height is 67 – 70 cm

Lower limit of 64 cm

Larger growth at proportional addition is not a shortcoming.

Weight of the Caucasian sheep-dog:

Dogs: At least: 50 kg

Boughs: at least: 45 kg.


Any deviation from the above-stated points has to be considered as a shortcoming, and gravity with which the shortcoming has to be regarded, there have to be in an exact proportion to its degree expressivenesses and influences on health and wellbeing of a dog.


— Too easy or too rough addition

— Uncertain behavior

— Deviations from sexual dimorphism

— The head the easy narrow head extended crude heavy or кругля, disproportionately small in relation to the case

— Sharply expressed transition

— Muzzle: lowered hitched up or narrow

— Teeth are too small, rare, the cutters which are not put in one ruler any deviation from a tooth formula (except for lack of PM1s)

— Cheekbones are insufficiently expressed

— Eyes are big, convex, very light, an indecisive look the drooped eyelids

— Ears are big, thin or too low put

— The sagged or humpbacked back the long, sagged or convex waist of grain is higher than withers

— The square case too undersized, too long, narrow in a front and back part too long-legged a short thorax, flat or small a croup short or slanted

— Kutsekhvostost.

— Weak frame, muscles and ligaments of joints

— Insufficiently correct corners

— Curvatures of forearms

— Unbalanced movements

— Lack of a push of back extremities.

— Wool very soft — curly has very short ostevy a hair, lack of an underfur


— Aggressive or excessively coward dog

— Any dog who is obviously showing physical or behavioural deviations has to be disqualified

— Any deviations from a standard bite

— An incomplete tooth formula (lack of any tooth, except for the third painters (M3), or the first premolyar (PM1s)

— Entropy

— Uneven coloring of eyes, blue or green eyes, eyes of different color

— The stopped tail

— Continuous stimulation or impossibility to estimate movements

— Black color in any variation continuous weakened skewbald, spotty or cheprachny (except for a mask)

— Genetic a blue color in any variations or shades

— Bluish-gray pigmentation of a lobe of a nose, lips and century

— Genetic a brown color in any variation or shades

— Genetic brown lobe of a nose, lip and eyelids

— Black and subdead, blue or brown dogs

— Growth is lower minimum

— Heavy deviations of signs of sexual dimorphism at dogs

N.B.: Dogs have to have two obviously normal testicles which are completely lowered in a scrotum.

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