• Dec 19, 2019

Standard of breed Dobermann terrier of FCI No. 143/14.02.1994

Partner, security and guard dog
Group 2. Pinschers and schnauzers, molossa, Swiss sheep-dogs.
Section 1. Pinschers and schnauzers.
With tests of working qualities.
Dobermann Terrier of a Photo
On a photo: a Dobermann terrier in a rack
BRIEF HISTORICAL INFORMATION: the Dobermann terrier is the only German breed which bears a name of the first manufacturer — Friedrich Luís Dobermann (02.01.1834 — 09.06.1894). It is considered that it was a tax collector, the owner of a slaughterhouse (fleecer), and a part of time — the hunter of dogs, having legitimate right to catch all vagrant dogs. From this contingent it selected animals of special type. So-called "dogs of the butcher" who at that time were already considered as rather pure breed played the most important role in origin of breed a Dobermann terrier. These dogs represented the early type of a Rottweiler mixed with sheep-dogs of Thuringia, a black color with rusty and red burn marks. Mister Dobermann parted these hybrids in the 1870th years. Thus, he received "the" breed: not just vigilant, and with strongly developed protective qualities of guard and sentry dogs. They were often used as guard and police dogs. For broad application in work of police they got the nickname "gendarme dog". They were used on hunting behind the limited large predators. In these circumstances, needless to say, the Dobermann terrier was officially recognized as a police dog at the beginning of the twentieth century.
the Dobermann terrier is a dog of the average size, strong, brawny. Despite the massiveness, he has to be elegant and noble that has to be shown in body outlines. He remarkably is suitable as the partner, a security and guard dog and also as a dog for all family.
GENERAL VIEW: the Dobermann terrier — the average size, strong, brawny addition. Thanks to elegant lines of a body, a proud bearing, stateliness and resolute expression, it corresponds to an ideal portrait of a dog.
IMPORTANT RATIOS: the Body of a Dobermann terrier seems almost square, especially at dogs. The slanting length of a body measured from a ledge a shoulder - a scapular joint to a ledge of a sciatic hillock, should not exceed height in withers more than for 5% at dogs and 10% at a bough.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Character of a Dobermann terrier friendly and quiet, he is devoted to family and loves children. The moderate temperament and moderate vigilance are desirable. The average threshold of excitability is required for good contact with the owner. Easily trained, the Dobermann terrier works with pleasure and has to have appropriate working abilities, courage and hardness. From it the self-confidence and fearlessness and also adaptability and attentiveness to a social environment are required.
SKULL: Strong, average length. At a look from above the head has the form of a stupid wedge. At a look in front the line of the top has to be almost equal and not fall down to ears. The line of a muzzle reaches almost directly for the top line of a skull which, being softly rounded, passes into the line of a neck. Nadbrovny arches are well developed, but do not act. Nevertheless, the frontal furrow is obvious. The occipital hillock should not be noticeable. At a look in front and from above lateral faces of the head should not be convex. The insignificant camber between a back part of a maxillary bone and a malar arch has to be in harmony with a total length of the head. Muscles of the head have to be well developed.
Transition from a forehead to a muzzle: Has to be weak, but obvious.
nose Lobe: Nostrils are well developed, it is more in width, with large openings, in general not speakers. Black — at black dogs at brown dogs, respectively, lighter tones.
Muzzle: It has to be strongly developed. On length it is equal to a cranial part. Has to have depth. The mouth has to open widely, reaching painters. Good width of a muzzle has to be also in the field of the top and lower cutters.
of the Lip: Have to be dry and adjoin to jaws to provide a dense smykaniye of a mouth. Brown dogs have to have a dark pigment of gums — the corresponding, lighter tone.
of the Jaw, tooth formula, teeth: Powerful, wide upper and lower jaws, a nozhnitseobrazny bite, 42 teeth are correctly located also the normal size.
of an EYE: Average size, oval and dark color. Lighter shades are allowed at brown dogs. The adjacent eyelids covered with wool. High temples around eyes are extremely undesirable.
EARS: Are put highly, bears standing. Are stopped in proportion to the head. Not stopped ears equally admit the countries where knocking over is not allowed (preferably average size, the first line adjoins to cheekbones).
NECK: Has to have good length in proportion to the case and the head. Dry and brawny. Its outlines gradually go down in a smooth bend. Vertical posts reflects nobility.
Withers: It has to be brightly expressed on height and length, especially at dogs that defines an inclination of the line of top from withers to a croup.
the Back (from withers to jobbers): Short and compact, wide and well obmuskulena.
Waist: Wide and well obmuskulena. At boughs can be slightly longer since the place for puppies is required.
of Grain: Wide and it is good обмускулен, slightly sloping it is hardly noticeable from jobbers to the tail basis, has to seem well rounded, not to be horizontal or obviously slanted.
Breast: Length and width of a breast have to be in a proper correlation with a case length. Depth of slightly svodisty edges has to be about 50% of height of a dog in withers. Especially the breast is wide in well developed front part.
Line of a bottom: It is considerably tightened from the lower point of a breast to the back. Tail: It is highly put, it is shortly stopped so that about two tail vertebras remained are visible. In the countries where knocking over is not allowed by the law, the tail can remain natural.
General view: Front legs at survey from all directions almost direct, are vertical to the earth and are strongly developed.
Shoulders: Shovels are slanting, adjoin to a breast, on both sides of a scapular crest well obmuskulena also act over chest department of a backbone. The tilt angle to the horizon makes about 50 degrees.
Humeral bones: Average length, well obmuskulena, form a corner with shovels about 105-110 degrees.
: Are directed strictly back, are not turned out.
of the Forearm: Strong and direct. Well obmuskulena. Harmonious length.
of the Wrist: Strong.
: Strong bones. Straight lines at a look in front. At a look sideways only slightly inclined planes, a maximum by 10 degrees.
Forepaws: Paws short and in a lump (cat's). Svodisty fingers. Claws short and dark.
General view: Because of well developed pelvic muscles of a croup and hips at survey behind the Dobermann terrier will iron wide and rounded off. The muscles passing from a basin to hips and shins come to an end with good development in width and also in hips, in knee joints and shins. Strong hind legs direct also stand in parallel.
Hips: Average length and width, well obmuskulena. Good coxofemoral corner. A corner with a horizontal about 80 — 85 degrees.
Knees: The knee joint strong is also formed by a hip and a shin and also a patella. Knee corner about 130 degrees.
of the Shin: Average length, are in harmony with a total length of back extremities.
Skakatelny joints: Also are parallel to moderate fortress. Bones of a shin are jointed with an instep in a skakatelny joint at an angle about 140 degrees.
of the Instep: Short also stand vertically to the earth.
Hinder legs: Fingers of hinder legs short, svodisty and in a lump are similar to forepaws. Claws short and dark.
of the MOVEMENT: Are especially significant both for office use, and for appearance. Movements are elastic, elegant, fast, free and wide. Perhaps bigger vyma of front legs. Back extremities are well extended and pushed with necessary elasticity. The front leg of one party and a hind leg another move forward at the same time. The back, ligaments and joints have to be steady.
SKIN: Everywhere densely adjoins and it is well pigmented.
WOOL: Short, rigid and dense. Densely also smooth adjoins, it is evenly distributed on all surface. The underfur is not allowed.
COLOUR: Black or brown — with rusty and red, clear the defined and accurate burn marks on a muzzle, cheekbones, eyebrows, a throat, пястях, insteps, paws, on inside of hind legs, forearms and under a tail, two spots on a breast.
GROWTH: Height in the highest point of withers.
Dogs: 68 – 72 cm
Boughs: 63 – 68 cm
Is desirable average growth.
WEIGHT: Dogs about 40 - 45 kg.
Boughs about 32 - 35 kg.
DEFECTS: Any deviation from the above-stated points has to consider as a shortcoming or defect depending on expressiveness degree.
General view: Deviations in sexual type excessive massiveness too easy dog too heavy dog too high-legged thin frame.
: Too heavy too narrow too short too long transition from a forehead to a muzzle too expressed or too insignificant a gorbonosost a bad inclination of the top line of a cranial part a weak lower jaw round or narrow eyes light eyes of a cheekbone are too developed the drooping eye lips too convex or ears are too deeply put put too highly or too low a fold in a mouth corner.
Neck: Little short too short loose skin on a throat suspension too (inharmoniously) long neck thin neck.
Block: The back not strong a sloping croup a soft back a humpbacked back is insufficiently or too convex edges the insufficient depth or width of a breast a back (from withers to jobbers) too long undeveloped front part of a breast the tail is put too highly or too low too poorly or too is sharply tightened a belt.
of the Extremity: Too insignificant or too expressed corners of front and back extremities free elbows of a deviation from standard position and length of levers and joints too narrow or too wide posts of a korovin, the straightened corners of skakatelny joints, a sablistost the dismissed or flat paws, the crooked fingers pale claws.
Shirt: Burn marks too light or indistinct darkened burn marks existence of a mask a big black spot standing of a burn mark on a breast are hardly noticeable or too large wool long, soft, curly or dim. Rare wool of a high temple large bunches of wool, especially, on the case an obvious underfur.
Character: Insufficiently self-confident too excitable temperament the increased vigilance too high or too low threshold of excitability.
Growth: For a deviation in growth assessment has to decrease to two centimeters from the standard.
of the Movement Shaky limited or complicated an amble.
General view: Dogs in boughs type, boughs in kobeliny type.
of an Eye: Yellow (predatory) blue, partially or completely.
Tooth arcade: Nedokus, direct bite having a snack absent teeth.
Shirt: White marks it is expressed long or wavy wool expressed rare wool or large high temples.
Character: Timid, nervous and aggressive animals.
Growth: Dogs with a deviation more than two centimeters are higher or lower than the standard.
NOTE: Dogs have to have two obviously normal testicles which are completely lowered in a scrotum.

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