- Jan 8, 2020
- Dec 17, 2019
Staphylococcus at dogs is always present at an organism, but only at a certain combination of circumstances this microorganism leads to development of a disease. Latent existence of these bacteria does not damage at all health of an animal as the immune system can easily control their number and does not allow to develop to heavy violations. However, if for this purpose there are favorable conditions, it can develop pathological a state as стафилококкоз. Statistically, most often animals have this disease in the spring and in the summer.
It is connected with the fact that walks become more long at this time, and a dog, rejoicing to heat, behaves very actively, trying to contact to representatives of the look. In fact стафилококкоз can develop even at a dog who uses the best forages, lives in excellent conditions and receives all necessary inoculations. cannot almost Protect an animal from this problem as even insignificant decrease in immunity can become the reason of flash of incidence. For treatment of the pet it is possible to use available хлорофиллипт and other medicines allowing to eliminate quickly manifestations of infectious defeat.
Now it is known that this disease has 2 main forms, including primary and secondary. In one case the bacteria getting from the outside to an organism of an animal become the reason of further defeat. In another – the infection develops against the background of other disease which weakens the immune system. At a secondary form risks of emergence of complications are extremely high. In this case the staphylococcal infection at dogs can be thrown on internals.
There is a set of the factors promoting defeat of an organism of an animal these pathogenic bacteria. Extremely often стафилококкоз develops at infection of a dog with fleas or ticks. Now a number of states which can promote appearance of this disease is allocated. For example, at puppies the immune system is not created yet therefore it is not capable to constrain fully staphylococcus which is available in an animal organism. Elderly pets also are in a zone of risk of infection. In addition, substantially defeat is promoted staphylococcus of an organism of a dog by such pathological states as:
Quite often development of local defeat by staphylococcus happens when traumatizing. That is even the small wound can become an open gate for infections. Besides, improper feeding can promote development of a stafilokokkoz. At systematic emergence of problems from intestines the immunity of an animal considerably goes down that leads to creating favorable conditions for reproduction and distribution of pathogenic microflora.
Virulence of pathogenic bacteria and decrease in protective forces are the most important components of the mechanism of development of this infectious invasion. Staphylococcus is dangerous that it is extremely steady against various factors of the external environment. These bacteria produce special toxins and enzymes which promote their penetration into deep fabrics. Besides, similar pathogenic microflora can gain antibacterial medicines resistance. The golden staphylococcus causing heavy violations in dogs is especially dangerous in this plan. Quite often хлорофиллипт does not allow to eliminate it.
Decrease in local immunity is quite often observed against the background of traumatizing integuments and mucous membranes. With similar defects quite often develops стафилококкоз. Bacteria against the background of the weakened local immunity begin to breed promptly.
Hit on fabric of waste products of staphylococcus leads to emergence of inflammatory reaction and a necrosis.
To the center neutrophils which take pathogenic microflora are at once attracted. Thrombosis of the small capillaries feeding the struck area and on the periphery laying fibrin is observed. Further the bessosudisty wall around a defeat zone is formed. It leads to formation of staphylococcal abscess in which the kernel from the collapsing leukocytes and the dying-off pathogenic microorganisms is located. It leads to the fact that in the isolated center creamy purulent contents are formed.
If protective mechanisms of an organism of a dog are not capable to limit spread of an infection, it gets into a blood-groove and begins to extend in all bodies. Most often they obsemenyat valves of heart, tissue of a liver and spleen, lungs, kidneys, a brain and a diaphysis of long bones. Stafilokokkoz can proceed according to different scenarios depending on characteristics of an organism of an animal . Usually only very young and old pets and also dogs who have chronic diseases suffer from severe forms of this disease.
Clinical signs of this pathological state are extremely various. The limited center on a mucous membrane or integuments is in most cases observed. Such form of dermatitis received the name of a piodermiya. Stafilokokkoz can be shown by both deep, and superficial educations. It is easy to notice similar symptoms of a disease. Quite often under skin hilly education is probed. Besides, existence of the round inflamed spots with a crust on a rim is extremely characteristic.
Superficially they can resemble cutting deprive, but on such sites wool loss does not happen. Usually only in hard cases process of baldness on certain areas is observed. It is, as a rule, connected with accession of an additional infection. Similar educations bring to an animal distinct discomfort. Testing an itch, the dog teeth and claws combs the struck area that leads to increase in the center of inflammation. Bacteria at the same time can extend deep into integuments, forming extensive purulent furuncles.
In this case the morbidity quickly joins. If not to apply special means to treatment of a dog, for example, хлорофиллипт, the infection can extend to other sites. Quite often the infection gets into auricles of a dog. It becomes the reason of formation of the new center. At damage of ears the unpleasant smell appears. Further purulent contents begin to separate. At the started form of a disease there can be paralysis of facial nerves. Defeat of the terminations usually has temporality.
Penetration of microorganisms in a sink leads to inflammation of an inner ear and its erosion. the Developing inflammation quite often is thrown on eyes, causing conjunctivitis. When staphylococcus at dogs takes place, symptoms can be shown also from mucous membranes of genitals. At a bough at the same time the piometra and an endometritis can develop.
With hypersensitivity to a microorganism the animal can have an allergic reaction which is followed by emergence of irritation and purulent papules on integuments.
At defeat of a dog symptoms of food poisoning can be shown by golden staphylococcus. The most often similar option is observed at puppies at whom up to the end immune system was not created yet. In this case there is a danger of a lethal outcome because of fast dehydration of an organism against the background of the most severe vomiting and diarrhea. It should be noted that staphylococcus is extremely infectious and can be transferred to people. It is necessary to protect whenever possible elderly people and children from contacts with a sick animal as they make the main risk group.
It is not necessary to begin to apply at random at emergence of symptoms of a disease хлорофиллипт and other medicines as some pathological states can have symptoms, similar to this infection. If there is a suspicion that at a dog developed стафилококкоз, she should be taken away to the veterinarian as only the expert will be able to define type of microflora and to reveal whether the center is limited or also damage of internals takes place. Besides external inspection the doctor carries out a pus intake for further bacteriological crops. Sometimes carries out an intake of fabrics for a biopsy.
In certain cases ultrasonography of bodies which can be targets at this pathological state can be required. If at a dog signs of allergic reactions were noted earlier, special tests for definition of type of allergen can be carried out. In the presence at an animal of chronic diseases additional researches for determination of features of their current are quite often appointed. Only after comprehensive inspection the doctor defines expediency of use of these or those medicines at therapy of the available disease.
Adequate therapy can be appointed only after identification like the available microflora. Treatment of staphylococcus at dogs has to be carried out in a complex. The doctor means for the general and local therapy are selected. Are quite often applied to elimination of an itch трибакс, хлорофиллипт. For washing of wounds solution of a dimeksid, novokainovy compresses are usually used. To get rid of purulent contents, ointment or gel with antibacterial effect is applied. Lysozyme or chymotrypsin is usually used. Can be applied to dehumidification of the centers протаргол or tannin. These means allow to eliminate quicker not only the available bacteria from the inflammation center, but also an itch and pain which annoy an animal.
Consultation of the doctor before an initiation of treatment is very important even because he defines expediency of use of antibiotics. In most cases medicines which course of application has to last not less than 21 day are selected. In the presence of complications not less than 1.5 months will be required to use medicines.
In the presence of defeat of ear pass powder mixes of a dermatol and novocaine can be applied by staphylococcus. Blockade and local antibacterial treatment can be carried out. It allows to eliminate quickly the center which is located in acoustical pass. Usually staphylococcus интермедиус and some other its versions well respond to antibacterial treatment. However with resistive strains use of the most modern medicines can be required.
Therapy can be complemented with medicines of chloride calcium, vitamins, immunomodulators. In hard cases when defeat of an organism of a dog staphylococcus bacteria steady against medicines takes place, introduction of a bacteriophage can be shown. This medicine contains a virus which destroys staphylococcus and promotes recovery of a dog.