- Jul 29, 2018
the Japanese chin is a lovely, tender, cheerful and playful room and decorative doggie. The second, not less widespread, the name cinchona – the Japanese spaniel. But Japanese prefer to call it only cinchonic. The word "hin" in translation from Japanese means "jewelry". Japanese also treat an animal respectively: it is not just loved, but also respected and esteemed. In the relation cinchona is never used the word "inu" that "dog" as, according to traditional Japanese representations, there are dogs means, and is cinchona – Sacred Lions of Buddha.
the Japanese folklore is extraordinary various and penetrated by deep love and respect for all live that surrounds the person. And the Japanese legends narrating about origin of this or that plant species or animals differ in improbable refinement and spirituality. A legend of origin small cinchona – a bright example of that. According to a belief, it appeared from the union of a lion and a butterfly.
History of origin of a Japanese chin
The mystery of origin of a Japanese chin traces the roots back to depth of centuries. Hinn – one of the most ancient dogs in the world . There are several versions of its origin. Japanese are sure that хин – it is primordial the Japanese dog brought in nurseries at the imperial yard. Its images meet on the most ancient Japanese engravings, drawings, porcelain and fabrics which reached our days. Perhaps, so it also was, but primogenitors of the Japanese spaniel on islands after all from the continent here got.
According to one of versions, ancestors cinchona got to Japan together with Buddhist monks in the 3rd century AD. It agrees another, хин – a rare Chinese dog who was a part of the tribute paid to Japan by China in the 8th century AD
Not so long ago archeologists in the Gobi Desert found remains of a dwarfish dog whose age, according to researches, not less than 10000 years. Genetic examination showed that this dog is a progenitress of several dwarfish korotkomordy dogs – the Tibetan spaniel, the Chinese Pekinese and a Japanese chin. The crucial role in cultivation of all three breeds was played by the Tibetan monks. They throughout centuries carried out selection works on removal of sacred dogs which had to become symbols of Buddhist lions security guards.
If the Chinese Pekinese was exclusively imperial dog, then cinchona the partner's part was assigned during walks of women of quality. And having only moved to Japan, хин reached the same position as a Pekinese in China at court of the Japanese emperor.
In Japan these little animals instantly found boundless adoration and received the God's status of messengers. As cinchona began to perceive as Buddha's dog at once, around him there was a set of rituals and customs, the majority of which was lived up to now. So, in the Japanese society it is not accepted to look cinchona in the face: it is considered that the direct look can offend it.
By tradition cinchonic in Japan could possess only the emperor and a top of the aristocracy. The women of quality included small hin in the toilet: the doggie in a cage in a special way was attached to full sleeves of a kimono. The dog could not be bought not at any price. It could be received only as a gift as a sign of the highest respect and appreciation. And the oldest nurseries on cultivation cinchona are today under imperial patronage. In spite of the fact that in Japan there are no restrictions or the bans on sale of hin, it is impossible to buy a breeding animal from such nursery. They are just traditionally not sold, but can sometimes present in a distinction for merits before the emperor.
of Feature of breed Japanese chin (video)
For many centuries the appearance cinchona significantly changed. Each Japanese family which had an opportunity to hold and part hin output own standards over time. Doggies had various color, density of wool, the sizes. Invariable was only one sign distinguishing breed and today, are their special eyes. The eyes which are slightly squinted to an outer edge make an impression that looks not a terrestrial being at you, but the real inhabitant of heaven.
If ancestors cinchona got to Japan from China or Tibet, then the breed a Japanese chin got to Europe already from Japan. It occurred in the 18th century when Japan was a little slightly opened for the world around and began to start up to itself merchant ships from Spain, Portugal, England. Having moved to Europe, doggies and there took a place of honor at royal houses, having become favourite pets of the European queens. In the 19th century of cinchona got to the USA and Australia.
Gallery: Japanese chin (50 photos)
Standards of breed
In 1873 the Japanese chin for the first time participated in the European exhibition of dogs in Birmingham. The animal began to be called the Japanese spaniel, and this name remained behind it up to 1977. At the beginning of the 20th century serious work on improvement of breed began. Dogs were divided into 3 groups according to the size: the largest received the name Kobe, averages – ямато, the smallest – it. Each type had also other external differences, but they were insignificant. Approximately in such look the Japanese spaniels, or cinchona, reached our days.
Today, according to weight categories, allocate two groups of hin: from 1.8 to 3 kg and from 3 to 3.5 kg. Irrespective of the weight and the size, a proportion of their body always remain identical: height is equal in withers to animal length. Hina girl's can be slightly longer. If the dog on weight treats the first group, then, according to the standard, it has to differ in diminutiveness. At thoroughbred hin two colors are allowed: black-and-white or red with white. In the second case shades of red color can be any. The three-colored color is possible. In this case the black-and-white dog can have red burn marks under eyes and ears. From above ears have to be black or red. Purely - the white color of an animal is not provided by standards.
A muzzle of an animal short and flat, the nose which is hitched up, eyes big, widely put. Ears are long, hanging down, a V-shaped form. The trunk of a dog is covered with soft silky wool of various length. On a neck, ears, hinder legs and the tail bent up it is longer, on the head and the front surface of paws – is shorter, between fingers wool bunches standing grow. The animal has no dense underfur therefore wool on his body does not roll down.
How much are dogs in Russia
The cost of puppies of hin, as well as any other breed of dog, depends on several factors: class of an animal, existence of a family tree, exhibition merits of parents. If the puppy was born from eminent parents and he has a good family tree, then, most likely, he will be quoted as the representative of a show class, and its price can reach 1000 dollars. If you are not going to raise the champion, then it is possible to buy a healthy puppy with ordinary parents and without family tree – is 300 dollars cheaper. Least of all there are healthy doggies which are not conforming on these or those signs to the standard. But also here the price will hardly be lower than 400-500 dollars.
The prices in specialized nurseries where it is necessary to buy a puppy for safety reasons are that. If you decided to buy cinchona according to the announcement, then the price can be less, but the risk of acquisition of an unblooded and unhealthy puppy increases several times.
Character of the pet
Breed of dog the Japanese chin differs in cheerful cheerful nature. These are the tender and playful beings liking to be in the center of attention. At the same time doggies have congenital intelligence and feeling of sensitivity. If the animal sees that the favourite owner and his members of household are busy, then it will patiently wait until people are released. Doggies never just like that bark: they can give a vote if the call to a door was distributed or foreign person appeared.
Hina is the dogs able to reduce stress and to support the positive atmosphere in family . Hinn can accept a way of life of the owner completely. If the person likes to walk much, then the doggie with pleasure will keep it the company. If the owner the homebody, then and хин becomes that, having found himself the cozy town on a window sill or on a sofa. The nature of a Japanese chin is partly similar to cat's: he likes to doze on backs of sofas, chairs or in secluded corners of the apartment. And during walks he most of all likes to climb up various sublime places.
In spite of the fact that cinchona – tender and sociable animals, is not pleasant to them when they are touched by foreign people. Hinn is not afraid of strangers, but always treats them watchfully. Strangely enough, but from these kids great security guards turn out. The little pet differs in big courage which at the critical moment can develop into recklessness: the dog will protect the owner and his housing even in case the enemy significantly exceeds the sizes cinchona.
Japanese chins perfectly give in to training.
of the Rule of feeding and maintenance
Hinn is an ideal animal for contents in the apartment. He is accurate, clean, obedient, does not differ in noisy behavior, does not spoil furniture and footwear. To it rather small vital space and minimum physical activities.
If in your house the puppy cinchona appeared, then first of all he should equip a snug and cozy home in which the kid will feel safe. In the first months the puppy is very gluttonous, but you should not follow his tastes, otherwise the doggie will gain excess weight and will get sick.
Feeding of animals is also not a big problem. should include beef, chicken, fish In a diet, but it is necessary to exclude from it fat meat. Boiled meat should be mixed with porridges and boiled or stewed vegetables. For breakfast fermented milk products will approach.
Cinchona are inclined to overheating and violations of breath. Therefore in hot season they should be preserved against excessive stay under the sun. It is not necessary to dress them in the winter: to an animal of rather own wool.
In spite of the fact that at a dog wool rather long, she does not demand big leaving. As there is no underfur, the animal does not leave marks of the presence on carpets and sofas. Cinchona it is not necessary to cut and to bathe often. For good leaving 2 times a week are enough to comb a doggie. No matter, what shades wool of your pet – black or white: even in rainy weather the dog remains clean. Structure of a woolen cover cinchona such is that dirt practically does not stick to it: it rolls down from the surface of wool in process of its drying.
the Interesting facts about dogs (video)
What are ill cinchona
In general dogs of breed хин differ in very good health. Their average life expectancy – 10-15 years, but quite often occur among representatives of breed long-livers to whom it is far for 20.
Animals are very active, so, are not subject to obesity. Hinn is the only dog who carefully chews food therefore also digestive tract at it in a full order.
And still sometimes dogs are ill. It is possible to carry diseases of eyes, cardiovascular, bone and reproductive systems to the most widespread problems with health. All above-mentioned diseases usually have congenital character. The exception is made by diseases of eyes: most often it inflammations and injuries of a mucous membrane which easily respond to treatment.
One more health hazard of hin is constituted by their playful temper. During run and jumps on eminences of a dog often injure to themselves legs. In a mild case it is dislocations, but there are also changes.