- Dec 29, 2018
the Austrian scientists made an experiment as a result of which it became clear that wolves were more inclined to truce, than dogs. Moreover, wild inhabitants of the woods have enough only ten minutes to damp a fighting ardor and peacefully to continue communication with relatives. With pets is harder and harder — they long enough avoid contacts with the opponent.
Wolves and dogs — in what difference
Experts consider dogs unique animals who could change so cardinally the natural way of life and learned to exist near people.
Domestication by their person and was the reason of distinctions between wild and pets:
- Wolves live in packs, they developed the rules of conduct that provides their viability. Rules concern all aspects of life in the conditions of the wild nature including behavior after the conflicts.
- The hungry wolf is capable to attack a dog. The dog can rush on an animal only to be protected.
- For forest animals time of special activity — night hours, besides sometimes they prefer life not in pack, and alone. The dog correlates the actions to a way of life of the person, presence of the owner is important for her.
- Domestic dogs are more studied, than wolves. At observation of them peculiar features — friendliness, humility, endurance are noted.
Considering all this, researchers were a little surprised with results of experiences. It was found out that wolves are less vindictive, than their tamed fellows, and quickly settle the conflicts that the pack remained solid. In turn, dogs because of domestication lost this key skill of pack of wolves.
four packs of the wolves who are grown up in bondage and the dogs living in shelters were attracted To carrying out experiences. Within two years behavior of animals it was observed. Special attention was paid to the internal conflicts.
Wild animals did not live together earlier, and it became the reason of a set of skirmishes during which experimental showed cruelty. But these conflicts were short — every second right there came to an end with reconciliation and the general games.
Pets of shelters also met during experiences for the first time. Quarrels between them happened less often, but after them animals persistently avoided communication with each other. Only every fifth skirmish could come to the end with fast reconciliation.
As a result the hypothesis was confirmed that ability to quickly settle the conflicts — one of the main rules of survival of pack in the wild nature . This conclusion is supported also by other data on the packs of wolves living in various ecological and social conditions.
Behavior of dogs who after the quarrel "take offence" at opponents and do not come to them into contact , according to scientists, needs further studying. The tamed animals lost one of basic instincts of survival.
It occurred gradually, during many thousands of years. And in the conditions of the present it is far more important to dogs to get on with the owner, than with the fellows.