- Jan 13, 2019
- Sep 20, 2019
- Sep 20, 2019
- Sep 20, 2019
Decorative rabbits are those small animals who contain in house conditions as full members of family and irrespective of the fact which they have a breed or the size. It is natural that most often the term "decorative" is understood as an animal with compact sizes who is brought to the contents in the apartment. It is necessary to get acquainted with how to look after a domestic rabbit to grow up a healthy animal, and it will allow to exclude developing of diseases and the premature death of the pet.
That the rabbit not only was present at the apartment, but also completely corresponded to all preferences of owners, competent approach to its choice will be required. Classification of animals is carried out in 2 parameters – the weight and length of wool. the First parameter means subspecies – big, average and small.
As for wool length, animals can be long-haired, normal and short-haired. Depending on breed small animals can differ according to external data and on traits of character. For example, some are whimsical and bring a lot of trouble, and others, on the contrary, quiet and have no distinctive features.
It is extremely important to get acquainted with how to carry out leaving and keeping of a rabbit in the apartment as he demands the special and individual relation. First of all, it is important to remember that decorative animals contain only in conditions of room temperature and indoors in which there are no drafts, however the room has to be aired regularly that intake of fresh air was carried out that will favorably affect health of an animal.
presence of such factors as is strictly forbidden:
The pet of such look can live in space of a cage or the small open-air cage, but there has to be enough place for games and jog. What is necessary for a domestic rabbit? Regular walks on the apartment to warm up muscles.
pets have one negative line - it is the aspiration to gnaw everything that comes into the view. Therefore that the animal was not wounded or did not spoil home decoration, it is desirable to examine the territory of walking before its release and not to leave a small animal unguarded. Doglyad for rabbits is conducted almost constantly in time to see problems or danger.
As it was already noted, the contents is kept in the open-air cage or a cage, depending on breed and preferences of the owner. 70х40 cm are considered the most minimum size of a cage. It has to be the most spacious, and on height – there is higher than growth of rabbit standing on hinder legs. There are some recommendations concerning the choice of a cage.
In the apartment it is undesirable to establish the dwelling for a rabbit in whom monolithic walls. Minus – in bulkiness, big weight and complexity of movement. It is the best of all to choose cages which are made of metal rods. The tree is undesirable as his small animals with great pleasure gnaw. In a cage surely there has to be a plastic pallet. Some owners prefer to leave top of cages open, however it can become the vyprygivaniye reason of an animal therefore it is better to give preference to mesh models.
At the bottom of a tray there has to be surely a material for a laying as sitting on a rigid surface causes formation of the pododermatit or, in other words, painful wounds on paws. The tray is established in an angular part of a cage, and eventually the animal will get used to go exactly there for departure of the needs of nature. Rabbits are accustomed to it in the same way as cats, however much more time and patience will be required.
On a wall of a cage the drinking bowl has to be established . At all you should not mount bulky trays or trays as rather nippelny device. Similarly also the bowl for placement of food which can be ceramic and metal fastens. It is desirable to use products with a big weight that the pet did not overturn them.
For placement of a cage choose the quiet and light place on which direct sunshine do not get. There is enough if they take only a lodge corner that will allow a rabbit to choose independently time and the period of stay for the sun. It will favorably affect his state of health. At presence in the house of cats and dogs it is necessary to minimize access of these animals to a rabbit. Holding joint games of pets is carried out only under the supervision of the owner. In a cage surely there has to be a house shelter which is required to an animal for protection against estimated danger.
In a question of how it is correct to look after rabbits, you should not forget about cleaning of a cage which is required for keeping of the pet in an attractive and healthy look. Leaving has to be regular, and it is necessary to watch that the unpleasant smell did not appear. Experts recommend to purge a cage not less than 3 times a week. The bottom has to be laid for what use hay, straw or wood filler.
Application of the newspaper and paper as they do not absorb moisture is forbidden, and just become wet. The continuous contact with a wet surface can be hazardous to health of a small animal and to become capable the reason of various diseases. Availability of small sawdust also provokes pathologies, for example:
In filler there should not be fragrances and chemical additives as it is forbidden.
Domestic rabbits do not transfer a smell of household chemicals therefore it is impossible to carry out clarification of a cage by means of means with fragrances. If to carry out cleaning regularly, then enough washing usual warm water will be for this purpose. In the presence of strong pollution it is possible to use vinegar. If the rabbit is accustomed to a tray and celebrates the need only in it, then 2 times a week are enough to change a laying.
How to carry out leaving and keeping of decorative rabbits in house conditions so that there was no unpleasant smell, clear, however quite often owners face that it is all the same formed. What to do in such situation?
the dirty open-air cage becomes the Prime cause of a smell. If not to carry out cleaning more than 10 days, then the aroma will be caustic and too strong. For elimination of the reason it is necessary to carry out washing and processing of a cage by vinegar. Rabbits, as well as at many other animals, have a habit to mark the territory, as for generally males. For this reason to avoid formation of a smell, it is necessary to castrate an animal or to sterilize if it is about a female. In the absence of the above-mentioned reasons quite perhaps that the smell from a cage appears from behind a disease of an animal. In that case it is necessary to observe a condition of the pet and at emergence of any differences from usual behavior to address the expert.
Decorative rabbits are very gentle and vulnerable animals whom it is necessary to feed and know correctly highlights of how to support them in house conditions. That the rabbit grew and developed most correctly, the balanced food is required. For feeding use:
There are also special instructions concerning food. The rabbit has to have a continuous access to a forage as they accept food to 30 times a day. If feeding is carried out by the products capable to deteriorate quickly, then it is necessary to watch their freshness and it is desirable to remove the remains right after food. With juicy sterns it is strictly forbidden to feed small крольчат which age less than 3 months. Hay and compound feed intends for them.
The meadow grass is very useful to rabbits, however it is necessary to watch absence in it poisonous representatives, it is undesirable to break plants near the road. When feeding cereal and bean it is necessary to carry out preliminary soaking or it is better to boil a product. The small animal has to have an access to a firm forage that it could carry out grinding of teeth. For this purpose branches of such trees as an aspen, an apple-tree, a willow and a birch will approach. Very useful delicacy the bread crust, but previously carefully dry-through is considered.
For a decorative rabbit such products as are strictly forbidden:
Feeding of decorative rabbits and care of them have to be carried out very accurately not to do much harm to an animal. If the rabbit regularly runs on the apartment and receives enough physical activity, then it does not need an additional vygulivaniye. Meanwhile stay in the fresh air can give improbable pleasure to both the pet, and its owner. Walking is carried out by means of a breast-band and a lead to exclude escape of an animal at a fright.
Once a week is carried out a podstriganiye of claws for what use nippers or special nail clippers. The cut of a tip of a nail has to be no more than 2 mm not to touch the vessels located in a claw cavity. At a blood performance the claw is washed with hydrogen peroxide. Some owners consider that care of rabbits in house conditions has to include surely washing, however in this respect there are various opinions. Bathing for an animal is a severe stress and it is contraindicated for certain reasons.
So, the decorative rabbit has the natural protective lubricant of skin which is washed away at direct contact with water, wool can grow dull, drop out, the severe itch will begin. Bathing can lead to catarrhal diseases. the Stress from washing becomes frequent a cause of death of an animal . Care of decorative rabbits does not demand water procedures as they independently look after the wool, keeping it clean.
There are moments when bathing can be required, for example, in case the pet was soiled, overheated or it has an open form of diarrhea. In such situations it is necessary to observe special recommendations. Washing of an animal is conducted in a basin or a sink. Water has to be room temperature or, it is desirable, is more warmish. You should not wash a small animal completely, it is necessary to pay attention only to the soiled part.
It is strictly forbidden to use detergents, and in need of their application it is necessary to choose only where there are no chemical additives which can become the reason of an allergy or even the death of an animal. It will be safer to water a small animal from a mug or a ladle as noise of a shower will provoke a stress.
In a question of how to look after a decorative rabbit, it is necessary to pay special attention to the vaccination moment as such factors as health of a small animal, life expectancy, the general state depend on it.
Inoculations need to be done in due time that will help to avoid education and development of the serious diseases capable to lead to the death of an animal. Originally vaccination is carried out from such diseases as myxomatosis and a hemorrhagic disease. Is cases when vaccination is extremely necessary, namely:
There are vaccines of a complex look which promote stimulation of development of antibodies to several diseases at once. It is strictly forbidden to choose and put independently vaccine as only the profile expert after careful survey of an animal has to do it. Are known inoculations of rabbits against such problems as:
Diseases are not too widespread, and the inoculation from them is required only in special cases. Injections are strictly forbidden to be carried out an animal, if they weakened, sick, during pregnancy or in case earlier concerning them the glistogonny procedure was carried out.
The question of rules of care of rabbits in house conditions concerns many beginners of krolikovod. Before bringing big-eared pets, it is necessary to know that they demand special approach, love and care, however in exchange amusing small animals will present a lot of positive emotions and tenderness. They really beautiful and very devoted if feel that they are loved and appreciate as the real family member.