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Przhevalsky's Horse is a unique wild look which was saved from full extinction in the 20th century by common efforts of scientists and representatives of societies on animal protection. Now the number of these unique creations is gradually restored. Thanks to catching of the last wild individuals and animal husbandry in bondage now they are returned in natural living conditions. Przhevalsky's horse lives in many steppe reserves of Central Asia and Europe now and also it is parted in the wildlife areas which are specially created for this purpose. A great number of representatives of a look are presented in zoos practically worldwide.
However work on restoration of number of horses of Przhevalsky is conducted very carefully as accommodation in close contact with the person imposes the print on the young individuals who appeared in some nurseries and makes impossible their return to the wild nature. Besides, because of initially small amount of wild individuals after their catching and the beginning of cultivation there was a problem of deterioration in the gene pool which is result of closely related crossing that negatively affects health and viability of these unique creations. Thus, now in the world there are no more than 2 thousand wild horses, and their number is restored extremely slowly.
These unique animals were open in 1878. There was this event absolutely accidentally. When N.M. Przhevalsky came back from the second scientific expedition across Asia, he met on one of outposts of the merchant who presented it as a gift a skull and a skin of the rare local wild horse killed by hunters. These samples were sent to Zoological Museum of St. Petersburg where after the long researches the scientist I.S. Polyakov defined that they belonged to not described earlier animal. He called a look in honor of the pioneer. The live horse was revealed by Przhevalsky during his third expedition to Asia. Is considered that the herd of these unique animals was found on the pass Tang-La.
The special attention of scientists was drawn by unusual appearance of hoofed animals. They are considered as the most primitive horses from recent. Because of it representatives of a look very much resemble donkeys superficially.
Now 3 main subspecies of animals, including forest and steppe tarpana and a true horse of Przhevalsky are allocated. The any kind living in certain areas has the characteristics and lines. Today places where it is possible to meet this unique animal, are reserved zones, but earlier wild horses were extremely widespread. It is considered that 300 years ago they occupied extensive forest-steppes and the deserts of Europe and Kazakhstan and also were widespread in Transbaikalia and in the south of Siberia.
These animals only bear a faint resemblance to modern racers who are used in equestrian sport and in agriculture. Externally they are similar to a hybrid of a modern horse and donkey. These lines also indicate that this breed is very ancient and in the course of evolution practically did not undergo changes. Przhevalsky's Horse has the following distinctive features:
Distinctive feature of horses of Przhevalsky is the short rigid mane without a bang, characteristic of many other breeds. animals have a long tail. Auricles are small, but mobile. Nostrils are developed very well. Besides, at Przhevalsky's horses rather big eyes.
It is considered that such horse has well developed sense organs which help it to survive with the native habitat. In summertime wool at an animal short and easy that saves it from overheating. Grows a warm dense underfur in the winter. Przhevalsky's horse has a constant wild color. Such color received the name savrasy. Primary color of a skin – red. Only the tail, a mane and extremities, up to knee joints, differ in black color. In a zone of a groin, hips and a stomach wool, as a rule, lighter.
As well as all wild hoofed animals, these animals try to keep herds. As Przhevalsky's horses are rather small mammals, many predators can attack them in their native habitat. It also promoted development at hoofed animals of a strong gregarious instinct. Usually they form by small herds at which there is only 1 stallion and several mares. Rather small groups are result of the fact that these animals live in areas where vegetation is poor nutrients for long droughty months.
Young males quite often form small groups and travel together to reduce risk of a meeting with predators. At any of cases in each herd there is a leader who chooses the direction of a way. These horses show the greatest activity in evening and morning hours. At this time they actively look for food. During a strong heat and during cold animals form a circle. They escape also from predators. Throughout all life of a horse try to keep about reservoirs.
For a long time in the wild nature these surprising creations practically did not meet. Even now those places where the wild horse lives, are under close attention of the person. In order that Przhevalsky's horses bred, the conditions similar to their habitat of existence are required for them. Hoofed animals of this look are badly tamed and practically do not transfer contents in close open-air cages.
For this reason many first animals who got to the European zoos quickly died. Now all new reserves where horses of this look could live open. A striking example is such territory in Mongolia. Besides, in 1989 these animals were delivered in the exclusion zone left by people near Chernobyl. Here Przhevalsky's horses quickly accustomed and now actively breed, living in this territory without the aid of the person.