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, than the boar eats, it is possible on his snout. It extended, friable, with the mobile patch, and it means that the animal mainly rummages in the earth, finding itself livelihood there. The boar not only is capable to dig dry leaves and a top soil, sometimes he does quite deep holes with the purpose to find there food. And here what is eaten by boars, it is necessary to consider in more detail. By the way, luring a wild boar, it is possible to tame and begin to part as a result of him, as well as domestic pigs.
In ancient times when hunting for boars was not so popular, animals could reach 200-300 kg. In the present time it is rare when you meet a large wild pig whose maximum weight more than 200 kg.
But even from this list there are exceptions. For example, in 2007 in the State of Alabama (USA) the hunter met a giant animal. The hunter was young and inexperienced, but at the last minute did not become puzzled and shot at animal. Subsequently it became clear that the weight of the killed wild boar reached 500 kg, and length of his trunk was 3.5 m. To this case in 2004 it was killed the boar is powerful 340 kg. In Georgia there was a case of a face of a wild pig weighing 360 kg, in Turkey – 350 kg.
The weight and animal dimensions in many respects depend on the habitat. Speaking about large individuals of Russia, it is possible to note that they live mainly in the Far East. The average weight of adult males is from 70 to 180 kg, length – from 1.5 to 2 m. It is a little less female, their weight fluctuates within 50-110 kg, and trunk length – 1.3-1.7 m
A boar – an omnivore, the diet for the run wild pigs is various and a lot of things depend on the habitat. If it is a zone of the woods, then a basis of food of a boar can make the following plants:
All wild berries are used, but favourite delicacy of animals are, of course, acorns.
In areas wild pigs are closer to the river find to themselves the following types of livelihood:
If it is the forest-steppe, then boars quite often visit on fields with grain or vegetable and also on a melon field. Without having taken timely measures, farmers can lose a harvest.
In the nature the boar, as well as other animals, has to survive. Therefore its food depending on seasons can change.
Here wild pigs are capable to eat the whole year underground plants, breaking off them the snout. In the spring the grass rhizome ivan-tea becomes favourite food of boars. By the end of summer wild plants ripen. As in the Caucasus there are a lot of fruit-trees, animals do not remain hungry during the aestivo-autumnal period. June and July are rich with sweet cherry, August and September at this time – cherry plum. Besides, wild pigs select the fallen-down apples and pears.
In the fall and in the winter boars prefer acorns, chestnuts, beechen and walnuts. If is given winter cold and snow, then animals find to themselves livelihood in the following:
By the end of summer boars visit field grounds, here they eat wheat, melon cultures, vegetables and corncobs. At the end of spring on coast of the rivers eat fish. Wild pigs quite often ruin nests of geese, bald-coots, etc. Animals of rodents eat (voles, rats and so forth).
In spite of the fact that the main diet of a boar is a vegetable food, any wild pig will not refuse to regale on fresh meat. Therefore it is simple to lure a boar as he eats everything.
Some wild pigs become predators. Quite often such picture when the animal ruins settlements of gerbils or other mice meets. In winter time boars can hunt also larger animals, for example, of muskrats. And if suddenly the hare got to a trap or a lovchy loop, then artiodactyl will not disdain also this delicacy. The special passion appears at it when hunting for wounded birds, an animal even it is possible to compare at this moment to hunting dogs.
At detection of a trace of a wounded pheasant the wild pig with ease catches up with it and eats. In the history there were cases when the wild pig attacked cubs of roes and rams, nothing without conceding to the chief hospital attendants of the wood – wolves. Being it is long in a forest zone, the boar already studied all places and perfectly knows where it is possible to profit a tasty lunch. During a season of reproduction of colonial birds wild pigs select the dropped-out baby birds or wounded birds. In particular rooks and cormorants are held in high esteem at them of a heron.
In the summer wild pigs prefer a locust. In July these insects become too much and artiodactyl the whole packs eat them in large numbers. Experienced foresters at distance can hear group champing of these animals. Thus, boars in spite of the fact that eat mainly vegetable food, can be also predators, sometimes very dangerous which do not concede in the bloodthirstiness even to wolves.
Recently cultivation of boars is considered very profitable business as meat of an animal is a delicacy. In particular inhabitants of rural areas and owners of hunting farms are engaged in it. Cultivation of wild boars is profitable still meaning that animals are not choosy in food, they eat all vegetable food, in particular root crops. Besides, wild boars, unlike pigs, have good immunity and are practically not ill.