- Sep 18, 2019
- Sep 18, 2019
Multi-colored aquarian small fishes can become decoration of the apartment. But beginners will suit not each of the beauties offered in the market. Very many breeds of small fishes are considered as difficult in contents even for experienced aquarians as demand particular temperature condition, special forages or unusual composition of water.
To buy bright small fishes for whom it is simple to look after and receive from them posterity it is the best of all to pay attention to viviparous types. These are the most popular aquarian small fishes: sword-bearers, guppy, mollineziya and petsiliya. Now the set of breeds of these inhabitants of aquariums is removed.
the Most motley it is possible to call guppies. Rather small trunk of a male (up to 2 cm long) is decorated with a huge multi-colored tail fin. At some breeds tails are vualevy and are combined with the increased back fins. There are guppies with contrast coloring of a trunk and tail, with the motley carpet drawing on a fin and with spotty stains of different shades. It is possible to distinguish a female by larger sizes (to 3.5 cm), to a roundish paunch and absolutely inexpressive coloring: sulfur with a small yellow tail.
In comparison with them sword-bearers, petsiliya and mollineziya lose in diversity of coloring. These types close to each other have the velvet or sparkling scales, is more often monophonic (scarlet, yellow, greenish, black), but also speckled forms of small fishes meet. The tail fin can be painted as well as a trunk, or to be absolutely black. Especially elegantly red aquarian small fishes with black fins look: sword-bearers and petsiliya.
the sword-bearer it is easy to distinguish Males in a shape of a tail : it has a long outgrowth below what the small fish and received the name for. Females have no "sword", their tail has slightly rounded shape. The female individual of sword-bearers is much larger though on coloring does not differ from a male of the breed.
At petsiliya the shape of a tail fin does not change in connection with sex. These beautiful aquarian small fishes differ only in a shape of a body: at females more roundish paunch. The male possesses an anal fin, extended and similar to a thick needle (is closer to a tail). For the rest they are very similar both on coloring, and on behavior.
Живородящие small fishes do not need special leaving : it is enough to them to maintain water temperature about +24 °C, and it is possible to feed both dry, and frozen, and live sterns. It is desirable to provide in an aquarium of a thicket of fine-leaved plants (elode, a rogolistnik, a kabomba, etc.). They will serve as the natural shelter for whitebaits whom adult small fishes can eat.
Whitebaits appear without any efforts from the owner of an aquarium. It is enough to have on 1 male on each 3 females, and the constant issue will be provided. As the juveniles of small fishes cannot be distinguished on a floor, upon purchase it is better to choose already adult individuals. All viviparous types are very sociable and quietly transfer the neighbourhood of other small fishes therefore they can be supported in one reservoir.
It is useful for that who only wants to get the first in the life aquarium to know that there are also predatory species of aquarian small fishes. Usually it is large representatives of a fish fauna who can eat smaller fellows. Among them there are very beautiful views which draw attention of the beginner, but when landing in an aquarium with the guppy, neon and other small versions are capable to destroy all livestock.
In strictly biological sense among aquarian fishes of the real predators feeding on exclusively meat food, practically not. Experienced manufacturers support sharks and piranhas, some other species of true predators. Most often aquarians should deal with aggressive types. But big aquarian fishes are really capable to eat small, taking them for a forage.
Among beginners cockerels (Siamese fighting small fishes) are popular. There are breeds with the bright, shining scales of blue and red colors. Fighting cockerels have fine vualevy fins of the same shade, as a trunk. That small fishes kept the beauty, recommend to support them one by one in small aquariums (to 10 l) or married couples in big capacities (from 40 l and more capaciously). Only in such conditions "plumage" of cockerels will be able to please with the splendor.
For reproduction couple of cockerels needs to be transferred to a spawning aquarium. There the male begins to build actively a nest to which will transfer berries, vymetanny a female. After spawning it is better to move away her from an aquarium as future father very aggressively protects a nest before the removal of whitebaits. When there is a young growth, an adult small fish it is necessary to transplant too.
Care of cockerels is simple: they do not need illumination of a reservoir and aeration, water temperature ideally has to be about +25 °C, but also at decrease up to +18 °C nothing happens to pets. Fighting small fishes often breathe atmospheric air, taking it a mouth. That beautiful teases maintained bright coloring, the full feeding including not only dry concentrates, but also a crank or small earthworms, skobleny beef or chicken meat without fat is necessary. The quantity of a forage needs to be calculated so that the small fish ate it in 15 minutes without the rest. Usually feeding is made by 2 times a day.
Some beautiful and large views behave aggressively in relation to neighbors. Names of aquarian small fishes sometimes reflect this quality, but most often do not speak about anything to a beginner. But when landing such versions in the general reservoir peaceful inhabitants can cruelly suffer.
It is possible to distinguish some unaccomodating types which often draw with attention of inexperienced aquarians from aggressors:
Similar versions set. Not all of them predatory, but usually common feature of character distinguishes them: pronounced territoriality. It is shown in aggression in relation to strangers and even to relatives. It is the best of all to keep them in big aquariums where there will be enough place and to other small fishes, or to be limited only to this look.
Some representatives of a fish fauna surprisingly remind the most real snakes. Both predators, and quite harmless types occur among them. The shape of a body their extended, and zmeegolov even have quite noticeable sharp teeth enhancing similarity to poisonous reptiles.
not all serpentine aquarian small fishes will be suitable For beginners . But the most unpretentious – акантофтальмус – will deliver them many pleasant minutes of observations. This bright striped fish imposes the main requirements to a situation in an aquarium. In the nature акантофтальмус lives under snags and roots, in forest reservoirs with an oozy bottom. It is necessary to provide shelters in the form of the real fin or a plastic decor in an artificial landscape and it is obligatory to put fine sand on a bottom. Akntoftalmusam it is necessary to give forages for som which quickly plunge on a bottom that pelagic species of small fishes did not manage to snatch away them in the thickness of water.
At the maintenance of other "snakes" – kalamoikht – it is necessary to provide the same conditions for dwelling of a small fish. Because of similarity of an environment of dwelling these absolutely different creations demand an identical situation, but Calabarian каламоихт is more expensive and rare small fish whom it is better for more experienced manufacturers to support.
Zmeegolova remind a snake not only a shape of a trunk. They are not poisonous, but have sharp teeth and strongly developed grasping instinct. Aggressive behavior in combination with mobility make them by dangerous neighbors: small types or young growth of other fishes will serve zmeegolova as a forage. These predators it is necessary to contain in separate reservoirs.
it is desirable for Tropical small fishes to provide warm water, which temperature reaches +27 °C. They need water substitution as in its lower layers the set of harmful substances accumulates. Aeration is not so necessary for serpentine water inhabitants: they can breathe atmospheric air.
It is very important that the aquarium from a zmeegolovama, akantoftalmusa or kalamoikhta was equipped with a cover. Small fishes can jump out or creep out of water, kalamoikhta in the nature even creep by land. But in house conditions they perish, leaving the elements and not having an opportunity in time to return to a reservoir.
Very unusual forms occur among the fishes living in the lower sheets of water. Ground aquarian small fishes are most widely presented by various beings of family of som. It is possible to distinguish from other versions especially slopes, girinokheylus and miksotsiprinus.
Function which is performed by such small fishes in an aquarium consists in eating of various remains. The crank which escaped pelagic inhabitants or sodden flakes fall by a bottom where can begin to decay and pollute water. But ground inhabitants, many of which have sensitive short moustaches, find and destroy tidbits. That somik and other small fishes at the bottom did not remain hungry, there are special tablets intended only for their fertilizing.
Practically all representatives of som are beings quiet and peaceful. the Exception is made by meshkozhaberny predatory types. It is better not to combine them with small small fishes. Widely famous somiki-bores (antsistrusa) can show aggression, protecting a caviar laying in the general aquarium. It can be located under a snag, in a big shell or in a decor cavity. The adult catfish constantly is nearby, looking out of an opening as a dog from the box, and attacking the neighbors floating by. In the rest of the time they are quite indifferent to those who do not make the food competition.
Girinokheylus, or Siamese водорослеед, – a beautiful golden aquarian small fish. Among selection forms there are both albinos, and an orange version though natural coloring of vodorosleed grayish-brown. Distinctive feature it is possible to call the specialized oral device adapted for scraping of a raid of seaweed from stones and other surfaces. As well as at antsistrus, at girinokheylus of companies turned into a sucker with rough teeth. It is interesting to watch these small fishes at the time of food.
Freshwater slopes are carnivorous fishes. They treat to family of sharks therefore prefer a meat and fish diet. For feeding it is possible to use a live shrimp, a crank, pieces of fish and meat. Slopes will not attack large fishes, but can destroy small benthonic inhabitants completely. Possess a characteristic flat body, but unlike sea fellows have rounded shape. Their tail is supplied with a sharp thorn with which the slope can put serious damages to inhabitants of a reservoir.
Miksotsiprinus is called differently by the sailing vessel or the frigate. This quite large (up to 30 cm) a small fish is decorated with contrast strips. The high back fin gives her improbable similarity to the ancient sailing ship. But miksotsiprinusa are peaceful and sociable, do not show aggression to smaller neighbors and eat only what is collected from soil.
Other ground striped aquarian small fishes – botion – resemble sumatransky barbus superficially, but look a little more brightly. Near lips they have 3 couples of thin short moustaches intended for palpation of soil and detection of food. The single botion can turn into the tyrant who is aggressively reacting to all the neighbors therefore it is the best of all to contain a flock of these ground inhabitants.
Selecting inhabitants for an aquarium, it is necessary to represent well what small fishes are as some types can behave. But at selection of neighbors it is necessary to consider also the optimum temperature which has to coincide at those who will live in one reservoir. Has the value and amount of light necessary to small fishes: some inhabitants of a bottom or night inhabitants will need shady corners for rest. Only having considered all possible factors, it is possible to make a right choice and to create an artificial reservoir which will be an interesting object in the apartment.