- Jan 27, 2020
the Achaltekin horse, or akhaltekinets (and among horsemen they are called just "tekinets") – thoroughbred breed of saddle horses which was brought to territories of modern Turkmenistan.
On a photo: Achaltekin horse
Agrees one of hypotheses, akhaltekinets as breed contain 5000 years, that is are the most ancient cultural breed of horses.
of Achaltekin horses sometimes call "heavenly argamaka".
History of achaltekin horses
the Name "Achaltekin" is connected with the place where this breed long time was preserved in purity – an oasis Gasped. There lived the tribe flow (tekinets). Thus, the name "gasped-teke" literally the tribe is translated as "flow from an oasis Gasped".
Sons of the desert appreciated achaltekin horses most expensively on light, is dearer than family and own life. Any breed, perhaps, is not fanned by such number of myths and legends as achaltekin.
In the ancient time the iranoyazychny population in Central Asia began to bring a horse who would surpass all other in beauty and endurance. At that time there the cult of a horse reigned.
Ancient Chinese sources say that Fergana (in those days Dawan) was famous for horses so that it was called "the country of heavenly racers". About these creations there were legends: they supposedly surpass the racers belonging to gods and is not present them equal on beauty, endurance and playfulness. A gift it was not more valuable than the Fergana horse.
In a classical antiquity of a horse from Central Asia were known too. Herodotus called them "majestic".
On a photo: Achaltekin horse of izabellovy color
Is opinion that achaltekin horses participated in creation of the Arab breed and also thoroughbred riding horses.
at the time of the Middle Ages Central Asia inhabited the Turkic tribes which mixed up with locals. Among them there were Turkmens who "inherited" achaltekin horses. Being fans of races, Turkmens very responsibly treated cultivation and training of horses. In many respects this system was similar to the system of training of thoroughbred saddle horses.Marco Polo's
wrote that Turkmens breed remarkable horses, and considered that Alexander of Macedon's Bucephalus also belonged to the tribe of akhaltekinets.
Severe living conditions forced akhaltekinets to adapt to work during the scorching heat and created a special constitution: these horses lean and dry.
the Achaltekin horse practically did not change eventually. Unless now they larger also possess more correct constitution. But all unique qualities managed to be kept.
Description of an achaltekin horse
the Exterior of an achaltekin horse quite unusual, and it it is easily possible to distinguish from other breeds. The way of life left a mark on appearance of akhaltekinets: features of contents, feeding and training.Akhaltekintsam was necessary to maintain
as short, rapid jumps, and the long exhausting campaigns, and all this in the conditions of deficiency of a pasture. Therefore akhaltekinets not really large, constitution extremely dry. They are compared to cheetahs or fleet dogs: in shape the prevalence of long lines is noticeable.
Measurements of a stallion of achaltekin breed:
of 160 cm in withers
Slanting length of a trunk
of 160 - 165 cm
of 175 - 190 cm
of 19 - 20 cm
U them deep breast of an oval form, false edges long. The withers are long, high. The back is long, as well as a waist. The croup slightly sloping, long and wide, a tail is put low. Legs are thin, long.
is Very peculiar at achaltekin horses a shape of a neck and head.Golov's
of akhaltekinets has a hook-nosed or direct profile, the forehead can be slightly convex, the front part extended and refined. Ears are thin, long, are placed widely. Eyes big and expressive, call them "Asian" for an unusual form: slightly slanting, extended.
At a neck high posts, it long and thin, direct or S-shaped (it is often possible to observe a so-called "cervine neck"), a nape long.
the Neck of akhaltekinets often decorates a special color collar – preserved it against a malefice.
Skin thin, with the appearing grid of blood vessels.
Wool silky, extraordinary thin.
the Mane rare is also most often cut under zero.
Achaltekin horses are famous for the colors. They can be as enough widespread colors (black, bay, gray, red), and rare (solovy, dun, brown, karakovy and izabellovy). White marks on a muzzle and legs are admissible. It is surprising that the bright reflection of wool – silvery or golden is characteristic of any color of akhaltekinets.
On a photo: Achaltekin horse
is convenient to go By an achaltekin horse thanks to her movements, smooth, not tiresome for the rider. However the nature of akhaltekinets is not so simple: they are sensitive to roughness and neglect more than other horses. Alas, many consider them whimsical, unbalanced and explosive, so – too difficult.Tekintsev it is difficult to
to use as "apparatus", they demand special approach. Therefore for many athletes achaltekin horses become ordeal.
the Achaltekin horse has quite ardent temperament, and their devotion to the owner became legendary. The matter is that in the conditions of the shortage of pastures people were able to afford to contain 1 – 2 horses whom looked after better, than children. Horses were kept near the house, and in bad weather – and in the house, and fed from hands with the best high-calorific sterns – barley and a lucerne. It is no wonder that tekinets were formed as "a horse of one owner", and change of the owner was taken very hard. Also there is a set of legends of how achaltekin horses saved the owners, sometimes at the cost of the life.
However, akhaltekinets are clever and proud, and most often do not parade feelings. This horse needs to be credible.
Nevertheless, achaltekin horses are capable of achievements. They inherited endurance and unpretentiousness from ancestors, the ability equally well transfers a heat and cold and force seeming improbable at such fragile appearance.
On a photo: Achaltekin horse
Application of achaltekin horses
At achaltekin horses high potential.
In the USSR organized jumps of achaltekin horses, generally – on the Pyatigorsk hippodrome. However it was possible to see them and in Krasnodar, Tashkent and Ashgabat. Since 2005 in Russia jumps on the Moskvosky hippodrome were carried out.
Are used achaltekin horses and in equestrian sport. The gray Arab shone in jumping, and his son – black Absinthe – brought to the USSR the Olympic gold on a dressage in 1960. However many athletes have no time and desire to look for approach to temperamental horses therefore prefer more "convenient" breeds.
Thanks to the endurance and ability to be restored very quickly, achaltekin horses are widely used in run.