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the Leukosis at cats is the disease caused by the onkogenny FeLV retrovirus (Feline Leukemia Virus). The virus affects the immune system of cats. Has overwhelming effect on the system of blood formation, leads to anemia, cancer tumors, other serious consequences. Whether it is worth being afraid of this disease?
According to veterinary statistics – 85% of animals live no more than 3-4 years after infection. Viral leukemia at cats – heavy pathology with the doubtful forecast, but is not always the death sentence.
The cat's leukosis causes the FeLV virus – a virus which leads to development of tumors.
Its danger consists that at the infected cats serious illnesses incompatible with life can develop.
The organism of the majority of cats with strong immunity is capable to resist to a virus and completely to destroy it. Therefore it is so necessary to care for health of the pet, to provide good nutrition and appropriate care, to strengthen cat's immunity.
Having got to an organism of a cat, the leukemia virus actively breeds. Then it takes root into tissues of marrow and destroys the genetic code of leukocytes – white blood cages. The cages affected with a virus cannot perform the protective function any more.
The destroying action of an infection is shown by the following symptoms:
The main danger of a disease – proceeds asymptomatically, has the long incubatory period.
Exact diagnostics is possible only in the started disease stage.
The following options of a course of disease are possible:
Depending on the place of localization the leukosis happens: multifocal, in an abdominal cavity, in a thorax, in nervous system.
The FeLV virus is active concerning young animals, with age the susceptibility to a virus decreases.
The disease is infectious, but it is not transmitted to the person, dogs and other pets.
This virus is active only concerning cats. A virus very widespread and infectious, it is steady against factors of the external environment: UV rays, air, water.
Ways of infection:
Neglected animals, cats who are in shelters, nurseries, hotels for animals. Dense contents promotes fast spread of an infection.
Decrease in immunity of the infected animals happens gradually and asymptomatically.
Owners of cats can not guess for years that their favourite is dangerously sick.
Clinical symptoms of a leukosis at cats appear not at once, they are diverse and remind other pathological states.
Symptoms of a viral leukosis:
It is possible to diagnose this dangerous disease only in clinic on the basis of results of laboratory researches. Do not postpone a visit to the veterinarian!
For detection of a cat's leukosis the following methods of diagnostics are used:
In certain cases the veterinarian can appoint: laparoscopy, biopsy, kolonoskopiya, gastroscopy.
At suspicion of a viral leukosis the cat needs to be isolated.
Unfortunately, of specific treatment of a leukosis does not exist .
There is no medicine which is capable to destroy completely a virus and consequences of its action.
85% of cats to whom this diagnosis is made die within three years after an onset of the illness.
All medical appointments for such animals are directed to improvement of their state, strengthening of immunity and protection against a recurrence of secondary infections.
The infected animals need to be sterilized and castrated, transferred to a lifelong quarantine. In certain cases veterinarians advise to lull the sick pet.
Treatment of a leukosis comes down to removal of symptoms of secondary diseases, providing qualitative food, the immunostimulating therapy. For this purpose use antibiotics, anticarcinogenic medicines, immunostimulators.
Usual immunostimulators (Interferon, Raltegravir) in a case with a leukosis do not give the expected effect therefore veterinarians do not use them in the practice.
Well proved import medicine of new generation Virbagen Omega which significantly reduces cat's mortality.
In difficult cases blood transfusion and surgical intervention can be required. A blood cancer at cats, limfosarkoma are treated with use of chemotherapy that allows to suspend the course of a disease.
Unfortunately, the remission periods after the sessions short, will be required to cats repeated procedures.
The main prophylactic of a disease is a vaccination.
The scheme of inoculations is appointed by the veterinarian.
Before vaccine injection IFA needs to make blood test and to repeat it in 12 weeks.
It is possible to impart only pets with double negative result. Usually primary vaccination is carried out with an interval no more than 4 weeks twice.
The efficiency of vaccine remains up to 12-14 months. The revaccination is appointed annually with simultaneous carrying out rapid tests for the FeLV virus.
In domestic veterinary science the following medicines are used: "Leykotsel 2", "Purevax FeLV", Leominor, Leykofeligen.
At the heart of all vaccines – the killed leukosis virus strain. Kittens receive immunity with mother's milk from the imparted cats. But this effect of short-term action therefore all posterity is more senior than 8 months it is necessary to impart.
Except inoculations it is necessary to pay attention to a food allowance and conditions of keeping of the pet.
It is recommended to erase often a laying of a cat in hot water with detergents, to carry out cleaning of rooms with use of disinfecting solutions, not to allow contact of an animal with street footwear and the owner's clothes.
Veterinarians advise to have a replaceable set of clothes if you regularly visit places with other animals: shelters, hotels, nurseries.
It is also necessary to wash carefully hands with soap and to disinfect them after contact with foreign and street animals. It is so possible to protect the favourite from a dangerous disease.
Councils from professional veterinarians:
Follow this advice and you will save the favourite from a horrible and artful disease, and he will give for many years to you joy.